The Jesuit New World Order

Friday, 26 October 2012


THE JESUIT NAZIS. the Vatican and their military arm, the "Jesuits", have typically backed any dictator which might further Papal ambitions of world domination. After some fatal blows to the Vatican such as the schism caused by the reformation and then the deadly wound inflicted by Napoleon's General Louis-Alexandre Berthier (which ended 1260 years of Papal rule of the known world), the Papacy has schemed and plotted to assert itself back into the seat of global authority and once again control the nations.
 On 22/12/2009 Pope Benedict XVI signed a decree: Pius's virtues, paving the way for a series of steps that would eventually lead to the beatification of Pope Pius XII and thus receiving the status of saint. These moves have outraged the Jewish community, and as time has moved on, the notion of Pope Pius XII reaching sainthood has been put on the backburner. The Jews claim that Pope Pius XVI never spoke out against the holocaust and turned a blind eye too much of the atrocities that Hitler and his Nazis committed. English journalist and author of "Hitler's Pope" John Cromwell stated: "Pius XII "had so little scope of action that it is impossible to judge the motives for his silence during the war, while Rome was under the heel of Mussolini and later occupied by Germany. ... But even if his prevarications and silences were performed with the best of intentions, he had an obligation in the post-war period to explain those actions" He similarly stated in 2008 that Pius XII's "scope for action was severely limited", but that "nevertheless, due to his ineffectual and diplomatic language in respect of the Nazis and the Jews, I still believe that it was incumbent on him to explain his failure to speak out after the war.
This he never did." John Cromwell claimed that Pius' only goal was the strengthening and centralizing of Papal power and argued that Pius was anti-Semitic. In 2009 John Cromwell later described Pope Pius XII as a sympathizer of the Nazi party. As for the Society of Jesus, or better known as the Jesuits, who are the military arm of the Roman Catholic Church, have a history soaked in blood and has been banned in most of the European countries at one time or another. They are the most divisive pack of ravening wolves who ever shadowed civilization: devoting their time to infiltrating Protestantism, overthrowing governments, assassinating rulers and playing off one country against the other when it serves the interest of the Roman Catholic Church
As for Hitler's infamous book "Mein Kampf" was re-written by Jesuit priest named Father Staempfe, who made the book understandable and coherent. Ex-Jesuit priest Dr Alberto Rivera stated: The Jesuits are the masters of deceit. The Vatican took over 1,000 Roman Catholic Jews, and hid them under the hills of the Vatican for the duration of the war. Why? Just in case Hitler lost". "The Vatican always covered itself in case its plans should backfire. That way, they could proclaim to the world that they protected the Jews from Hitler." {The Godfathers pg 21} Adolf Hitler's parents were Roman Catholics and despite modern day dis-information, Hitler was a son of the Roman Catholic Church. Below are damming photos of alliance between the Vatican Popes and the Nazis: As we further examine information about the role of the Vatican in collaborating with the Nazis, the focus must shift directly to the Jesuits. As the Knights Templars were the tool of the Vatican in the crusades so the Jesuits play their role as the crack troops of the Papacy in furthering Papal conquests and goals. The Waffen-SS was modelled on the Jesuits. The key positions of the SS were held by Jesuit priests: Evan Kurt Heinrich Himmler (head of the SS) and Joseph Goebbels (Minister of Enlightenment and Propaganda) were both Jesuit priests.

 Nazi salutes in honor of Hitler. Catholic Bishops with  Joseph Goebbels (far right) and Wilhelm Frick (second from right).
Adolf Hitler greets a Catholic Cardinal at a rally. 
 Adolf Hitler greets Muller the "Bishop of the Reich" and Abbot Schachleitner.
Franciscan friars with German soldiers.
The Concordat between the Vatican and the Nazis
Cardinal Secretary of State, Eugenio Pacelli (later to become Pope Pius XII) signs the Concordat between Nazi Germany and the Vatican at a formal ceremony in Rome on 20 July 1933. Nazi Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen sits at the left, Pacelli in the middle, and the Rudolf Buttmann sits at the right.The Concordat effectively legitimized Hitler and the Nazi government to the eyes of Catholicism, Christianity, and the world.



Cardinal Bertram in the funeral procession for Bishop Bares, Berlin, 7 March 1935As a chairman of the German bishop conference the Breslauer Cardinal Bertram plays a crucial role in shaping the attitude of the German bishops in relation to the National Socialist state.
Priests giving the Hitler salute at a Catholic youth rally in the Berlin-Neukölln stadium in August 1933.Priests giving the Hitler salute
Reich Bishop Ludwig Müller, Berlin, 1934
 National Bishop Friedrich Coch giving a Hitler greeting in Dresden, 10 December 1933 Dresden pastor Friedrich Coch is one of the leading men of the "German Christians" in Saxony. The NSDAP's Gau consultant for church matters since 1932, he is elected to the office of state bishop by the "Brown Synod" in August 1933.
An Archbishop with the Nazis
Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, head of the Diplomatic Corps, attending the Nuremburg Party Rally in September 1933.
According to Dr. Paul O'Shea, Orsenigo, as Dean of the Corps, it was the Nuncio's role to lead the Corps at all major government functions. After 1935 Orsenigo did not attend major government propaganda displays.

Hitler's Brown Army attending and leaving church services. These photos were published by Nazis during Hitler's reign.(Source: Das Braune Heer: mit einem Geleitwort von Adolf Hitler [Translation: The Brown Army: with a foreword by Adolf Hitler], Photos by Heinrich Hoffmann)

Who knows? The Knights of Malta know

Penny Lernoux’s article, published in the National Catholic Reporter in 1989, depicts the behind-the-scenes activity of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Since then the swashbuckling Knights have been reigned in by successive popes, so that today their political influence will be more closely monitored by the Vatican and better directed to its goals.
The following is a slightly edited excerpt from People of God: The Struggle for World Catholicism (1989), by Penny Lernoux. It was published in the National Catholic Reporter, 5 May 1989, pp. 9-10.
 

One of Catholicism’s oldest lay orders, the Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, better known as the Knights of Malta, or SMOM, is unique in several ways. Although it has no territory outside its headquarters in a Roman palazzo, it enjoys the status of a sovereign state, maintaining relations with 49 countries and issuing its own passports and stamps. Its 13,000 members include some of the world's most powerful figures, among them heads of state.
While it pledges allegiance to the pope, neither he nor the order's grand master in Rome has real control over SMOM’s various national associations, some of whose members have been involved in fascist plots and CIA covert wars. And while dedicated to charitable work, such as funding leprosariums and contributing medical supplies to the Third World, it also serves as an old-boys’ club for the European aristocracy and the political right in the United States and Latin America.
SMOM was founded in the 11th century to provide medical aid and military protection for-pilgrims to the holy city of Jerusalem. The order’s knights participated in several important crusades, and gifts it received soon gave it control over extensive estates throughout Europe. The wealth of the knights’ grand priories greatly increased in the 14th century when they absorbed the estates belonging to the Knights Templar, whom they helped to destroy, and for a time they maintained control of the island of Rhodes.
Forced from Rhodes by Sultan Muhammad II in the 15th century, they eventually settled on the island of Malta, which gave the order its name. The Knights remained a major military presence in the Mediterranean until 1789, when Napoleon occupied Malta. After a brief sojourn in Russia, the order in 1834 established headquarters in Rome under papal protection.
By the end of the century, it had become a charitable organization of the aristocracy devoted to the care of the sick and the wounded. It maintained its exclusivity by refusing to accept members from Europe and Latin America who were not of the nobility or heads of state. In recent years the ruling has been relaxed for Latin America, but even as late as the 1940s the order refused to admit Eva Peron as a dame because of her proletarian background.
An exception was made for the United States because of its rising political, economic and military power, and in 1927 a branch of SMOM was established on the East Coast. Most of the founding members were tycoons of industry and finance who would strongly oppose Roosevelt’s New Deal.
They were soon joined by such titans as John Farrell, president of U.S. Steel; Joseph P. Grace, of W.R. Grace & Co.; Joseph Kennedy, a Boston entrepreneur and father of a future president of the United States; and George MacDonald of Pennsylvania, who made a fortune in oil and utilities.
MacDonald was typical of those who joined SMOM for the sheer fun of it. In recognition of generous contributions to the church, he was made a papal marquis as well as a grand master of the Knights, of Malta. MacDonald loved to dress up in the splashy Knights costume, with its ostrich-plumed hat, gold spurs and a uniform with gold epaulets, sashes and the medal with the Knights’ eight-pointed Maltese cross
Many of the approximately 1,500 Americans who subsequently joined the knighthood also enjoyed the rituals of induction at the local cathedral and the ceremonies in honor of the order’s patron, St. John. But for others, SMOM was more than pomp and circumstance ― it was a source of money and power.
Among the latter was New York’s Cardinal Francis Spellman, at one time the most powerful Catholic churchman in the United States. He became involved with the American branch of SMOM almost from its founding and was the order’s official church patron in the United States when he was auxiliary bishop of Boston. After he became archbishop of New York in 1939, he changed his title to “Grand Protector”.
Spellman enjoyed the support of the right wing of the curia, particularly Cardinal Nicola Canali, who dominated Vatican finances, and Canali authorized his monopoly over Knight appointments in the United States. The quid pro quo was that, instead of sending the American Knights’ contributions to SMOM headquarters in Rome, Spellman funneled the money into Canali's coffers. When SMOM’s grand master demanded an accounting from Spellman, he got no answer. No action was taken against Spellman, however, because at the time the order was fighting for its life against Canali, who wanted to gain control of its wealth. 
Spellman's financial contributions to the Vatican, his friendship with Pius XII and his access to U.S. economic and political elites, some of them Knights, gave him immense power, and by World War II he had become the Vatican's go-between with the White House and its proconsul in Latin America.
When Spruille Braden, U.S. ambassador to Colombia during the early 1940s, complained about the anti-American tone of a pastoral letter issued by Colombian Archbishop Ismael Perdomo, Spellman sent a personal emissary to Bogota to lecture Perdomo on the need for cooperation in the war effort. At this meeting, which took place in Braden’s presence, the archbishop was instructed to show Braden anything he wrote about the United States before releasing it. Braden was impressed. “It was good theater,” he said.
Spellman also played an important role as emissary between the White House and Rome as, for example, in relaying the pope's concern about Allied bombings of Italy. And he encouraged Vatican cooperation with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime forerunner of the CIA that was headed by his old friend General William (“Wild Bill”) Donovan.
Much of the European aristocracy that provided SMOM its membership was allied with the Falangist groups in Spain, the Catholic integralist ― Vichy French, the Italian fascists and the German-Austrian supporters of Hitler.
While they objected to Hitler’s attempts to create a Nordic system of belief in competition with the teachings of the Catholic church, some agreed with the Nazi's on the “Jewish question.”
For example, Franz von Papen, a Catholic aristocrat from the Westphalian nobility and Knight Magistral Grand Cross of SMOM, paved the way for Hitler’s assumption of power after von Papen became chancellor with the support of the Nazis.
During the war the Vatican’s position was ambivalent, not because Pius XII approved of Nazism ― on the contrary, he abhorred it ― but because he feared communism more than fascism and because he was afraid to risk the loss of the church’s power by taking an uncompromising stand against the self-declared masters of Europe. Or as the British Foreign Office put it, the pope, “for worldly rather than spiritual reasons, has allowed himself, like others, to be bullied.”
Although the Vatican undertook many private initiatives to help Jewish and other refugees, Pius remained silent through most of the war. He refused to condemn the German invasion of Poland in the belief that the Poles were at fault, and despite repeated pleas from the Polish government in exile, he failed to condemn Nazi genocide.
“We cannot forget that there are 40 million Catholics in the Reich,” he said at the time of the invasion of Poland. “What would they be exposed to after such an act by the Holy See?” When he did speak out, as in his 1942 Christmas message about the deaths of “hundreds of thousands of people .......... merely because of their race or their descent,” the appeal was lost in the opacity of Vaticanese language.
Similarly, the Vatican said nothing about the massacre of hundreds of thousands of Serbs belonging to the Serbian Orthodox church during the Nazi Catholic puppet dictatorship of Croatia, apparently because its leader, Ante Pavelic, and his Ustashi thugs had the support of the local Catholic clergy. The only important Catholic voice to speak out against the slaughter was that of the French Cardinal Eugene Tisserant, who said that at least 350,000 people had been killed by Pavelic’s forces. The Holy See, said Tisserant, has accommodated itself “for its own exclusive advantage-and very little else.”
Much the same might have been said of some American members of the Knights of Malta. W.R. Grace & Co. was on the U.S. government’s “Watch list” of companies known or suspected to be trading with the enemy during WWII. State Department documents showed that some Grace personnel in Latin America were kept under surveillance because of their ties to Nazi agents, particularly those in the company’s shipping lines and in the Panagra airline, which Grace owned jointly with Pan American Airways. (J. Peter Grace, who took over the company at the end of the war and became SMOM’s leading American Knight, later employed a Nazi war criminal and chemist, aiding him to enter the United States under the U.S. government recruitment program of Nazi scientists known as “Project Paperclip.”) Joseph Kennedy, another prominent American Knight, was forced in 1940 to leave his post as U.S. ambassador to London because of his noninterventionist stance.
After the war, the Vatican, the OSS, the SS (Schutzstaffel, the elite guard of Nazi intelligence) and the various branches of SMOM joined to do battle against the common Soviet enemy ― and to help Nazi war criminals escape. In 1945, when the outcome of the war was no longer in doubt, the OSS approached Reinhard Gehlen, who was Hitler’s chief of intelligence on the Eastern Front. The aim was to revamp the Gehlen Organization into “an OSS-controlled operation.” The plan was so successful that “Gehlen Org” was transformed into West Germany’s postwar intelligence agency, the BND, with help and money from the OSS’ successor, the CIA.
Paralleling the OSS-Gehlen plan was “Project Paperclip,” which smuggled more than 900 German scientists into the United States. Gehlen’s brother was secretary to one of the chief officials in SMOM’s Rome headquarters, and the Knights were active as go-betweens. Baron Luigi Parrilli, an Italian aristocrat who was a Knight of Malta, papal chamberlain and fascist sympathizer, took part in the negotiations between SS leaders and the CIA's future director, Allen Dulles.
Meanwhile, James Jesus Angleton, who would later become the CIA’s controversial director of counterintelligence, was dispatched by admiral Ellery Stone, U.S. proconsul in occupied Italy, to rescue Prince Valerio Borghese from possible arrest by the Italian Resistance, which had sentenced him to death for war crimes. Borghese, who survived to be a leader in Italy’s postwar fascist politics, was a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of SMOM, and in gratitude for U.S. services to him and other Knights, SMOM gave Stone, Angleton and Angelton’s deputy its Grand Cross award. Other recipients of the coveted award were Reinhard Gehlen and Truman’s Vatican envoy, Myron C. Taylor.
SMOM provided more than medals. One of its directors arranged for the printing of 2,000 SMOM passports for political refugees, many of them Nazis. A branch of the Knights in southern Germany ran a large refugee camp, and the leading Bavarian Knight of Malta was reported to have arranged travel “for no small number of ex-Nazis.” That the Vatican, OSS and the U.S. Army’s Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) were a party to such arrangements is shown by files that Justice Department investigators discovered in the 1980s.
Catholic monasteries and convents were used as safe houses for war criminals on their way to Latin America. Sometimes the CIC supplied false documents, while church organizations provided the means of escape ― a famous case being the flight to Bolivia of Klaus Barbie, the “butcher of Lyon.”
A key contact in the underground rail way, known as the “Rat Line,” was a Croatian priest, Krunoslav Draganovic, who had been an adviser to Ante Pavelic and a member of his Ustashi terrorists and who ran the Croatian Committee for Pontifical Assistance, an aid and resettlement agency of the Holy See. Draganovic passed along upward of 30,000 Croatians, including most of the Pavelic government and Pavelic himself, who escaped Argentina. The priest also helped SS officers escape, according to Barbie, who said that Draganovic described his work as “purely humanitarian.”
CIC reports to Washington gave detailed descriptions of Pavelic’s stay in Rome under church protection “disguised as a priest within Vatican City” and predicted his escape to Argentina, then ruled by the dictator Juan Peron, a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Knights of Malta.
They also reported Pavelic’s contacts with Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, the Vatican’s undersecretary of state and the future Pope Paul VI.
Montini, a close friend of SMOM and the OSS’ principal contact in the Vatican during the war, supervised the Vatican bureau that issued refugee travel documents.
CIC reports and other documentation show that he was privy to the activities of the Croatian Committee for Pontifical Assistance.
He apparently shared Pius XII’s conviction that Pavelic and his Ustashi troops might overthrow Marshal Titos government and reestablish a Catholic state in Yugoslavia.
Ivo Omrcanin, a close friend of Draganovic who was working at the Vatican when the priest was smuggling Croatians abroad, said that “the pope would never have considered anybody who was fighting communism a war criminal.” 
The relationship of the Vatican, SMOM and the OSS/CIA was also important in the crucial 1948 Italian elections. Baron Parrilli again served as a go-between, this time with the CIA, in planning Vatican strategy to prevent a Communist victory by backing the Christian Democrats. A key figure in the plan was Luigi Gedda, a Turin doctor, Knight of Malta and Catholic integralist who wanted to restore Europe to an age before Protestantism and the French Revolution.
Gedda was head of Italy’s Catholic Action, a militant lay movement of young people who served as papal shock troops ― C.L. Sulzberger, of the New York Times, reported from Rome that Catholic Action “is armed, active and tough.” Gedda organized a network of 18,000 “civic committees” to get out the vote. James Angleton, then CIA’s Vatican connection, strongly recommended CIA funding for Gedda’s political machine. The CIA pumped $65 million into Italian centrist and right-wing movements between 1946 and 1972, according to hearings by the House of Representatives.
Other important players were Montini and Spellman, the latter funneling huge amounts of New York money into clandestine church activities in Italy. Spellman encouraged a letter-writing campaign whereby Italian Americans urged their relatives to vote against the Italian Communists, and he joined such famous Americans as Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby and Gary Cooper in a radio blitz of Italy at election time.
Meanwhile, Catholic Action’s papal troops prepared for battle with U.S. jeeps, guns and other supplies. The Christian Democrats won the election, and Washington, under pressure from Spellman, agreed to repay the Vatican’s election expenditures through Italy’s black currency market.
High-ranking Knights of Malta were involved in Italian politics during the following decades, and on two occasions, in 1964 and 1970, they attempted unsuccessful right-wing coups. The second attempt was led by Angleton’s Prince Borghese and the prince's neo-Nazi protege, Stefano Delle Chiaie, one of the period’s most dangerous terrorists. Borghese and Delle Chiaie were connected to the notorious P-2 Masonic Lodge, an organization with ties to the Mafia and the Vatican that schemed to take over the Italian state and was responsible for a string of terrorist acts.

Red Cross and Vatican helped thousands of Nazis to escape

Research shows how travel documents ended up in hands of the likes of Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele and Klaus Barbie in the postwar chaos
nazis-baer-mengele-kramer-höss-auschwitz
SS officers at Auschwitz in 1944. From left: Richard Baer, who became the commandant of Auschwitz in May 1944, Josef Mengele, commandant of Birkenau Josef Kramer, hidden, and the former commandant of Auschwitz Rudolf Höss, foreground; the man on the right is unidentified. Photograph: AP
The Red Cross and the Vatican both helped thousands of Nazi war criminals and collaborators to escape after the second world war, according to a book that pulls together evidence from unpublished documents.
The Red Cross has previously acknowledged that its efforts to help refugees were used by Nazis because administrators were overwhelmed, but the research suggests the numbers were much higher than thought.
Gerald Steinacher, a research fellow at Harvard University, was given access to thousands of internal documents in the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The documents include Red Cross travel documents issued mistakenly to Nazis in the postwar chaos.
They throw light on how and why mass murderers such as Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele and Klaus Barbie and thousands of others evaded capture by the allies.
By comparing lists of wanted war criminals to travel documents, Steinacher says Britain and Canada alone inadvertently took in around 8,000 former Waffen-SS members in 1947, many on the basis of valid documents issued mistakenly.
The documents – which are discussed in Steinacher's book Nazis on the Run: How Hitler's henchmen fled justice – offer a significant insight into Vatican thinking, particularly, because its own archives beyond 1939 are still closed. The Vatican has consistently refused to comment.
Steinacher believes the Vatican's help was based on a hoped-for revival of European Christianity and dread of the Soviet Union. But through the Vatican Refugee Commission, war criminals were knowingly provided with false identities.
The Red Cross, overwhelmed by millions of refugees, relied substantially on Vatican references and the often cursory Allied military checks in issuing travel papers, known as 10.100s.
It believed it was primarily helping innocent refugees although correspondence between Red Cross delegations in Genoa, Rome and Geneva shows it was aware Nazis were getting through.
"Although the ICRC has publicly apologised, its action went well beyond helping a few people," said Steinacher.
Steinacher says the documents indicate that the Red Cross, mostly in Rome or Genoa, issued at least 120,000 of the 10.100s, and that 90% of ex-Nazis fled via Italy, mostly to Spain, and North and South America – notably Argentina.
Former SS members often mixed with genuine refugees and presented themselves as stateless ethnic Germans to gain transit papers. Jews trying to get to Palestine via Italy were sometimes smuggled over the border with escaping Nazis.
Steinacher says that individual Red Cross delegations issued war criminals with 10.100s "out of sympathy for individuals … political attitude, or simply because they were overburdened". Stolen documents were also used to whisk Nazis to safety. He said: "They were really in a dilemma. It was difficult. It wanted to get rid of the job. Nobody wanted to do it."
The Red Cross refused to comment directly on Steinacher's findings but the organisation says on its website: "The ICRC has previously deplored the fact that Eichmann and other Nazi criminals misused its travel documents to cover their tracks."

ODESSA


ODESSA
Formation 1946
Type Network
Purpose/focus To prevent the prosecution of SS officers for war crimes and to Create the fourth Reich
Official languages German
Affiliations Stille Hilfe
The ODESSA, from the German Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, meaning “Organization of Former SS Members,” is believed to have been an international Nazi network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers. The purpose of the ODESSA was to establish and facilitate secret escape routes, later known as ratlines, to allow SS members to avoid their capture and prosecution for war crimes. Most of those fleeing out of Germany and Austria were helped to South America and the Middle East.
Several books by those involved in the War Crimes Commission (including T.H. Tetens and Joseph Wechsberg) have verified the organization's existence and provided details of its operations. Wechsberg studied Simon Wiesenthal's memoirs on the ODESSA and verified them with his own experiences in the book The Murderers Among Us.
In a note, people claiming to represent the ODESSA claimed responsibility for a 9 July 1979 car bombing in France, which was aimed at anti-Nazi activists Serge and Beate Klarsfeld.[citation needed]
In the realm of fiction, the Frederick Forsyth best-selling 1972 thriller The Odessa File brought the organization to popular attention. (The novel was turned into a film starring Jon Voight.) In the novel, Forsyth's ODESSA smuggled war criminals to Latin America, but also attempted to protect those SS members who remained behind in Germany, and plotted to influence political decisions in West Germany.

Contents

History

According to Simon Wiesenthal, the ODESSA was set up in 1946 to aid fugitive Nazis. Interviews by the ZDF German TV station with former SS men suggest instead that the ODESSA was never the single world-wide secret organization that Wiesenthal described, but several organizations, both overt and covert, that helped ex-SS men. The truth may have been obscured by antagonism between the Wiesenthal organization and German military intelligence.
Long before the ZDF TV network, historian Gitta Sereny wrote in her 1974 book Into That Darkness, based on interviews with the former commandant of the Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl (see References following), that the ODESSA had never existed. She wrote:
The prosecutors at the Ludwigsburg Central Authority for the Investigation into Nazi Crimes, who know precisely how the postwar lives of certain individuals now living in South America have been financed, have searched all their thousands of documents from beginning to end, but say they are totally unable to authenticate (the) 'Odessa.' Not that this matters greatly: there certainly were various kinds of Nazi aid organizations after the war — it would have been astonishing if there hadn't been.[1]
This view is supported by historian Guy Walters in his book Hunting Evil, where he also points out that networks were used, but there was not such a thing as a setup network covering Europe and South America, with an alleged war treasure. For Walters, the reports received by the allied intelligence services during the mid-1940s suggest that the appellation "ODESSA" was "little more than a catch-all term use by former Nazis who wished to continue the fight."[2]
However, while Nazi concentration camp supervisors denied the existence of the ODESSA, neither US War Crimes Commission reports nor American OSS officials did. In interviews of outspoken German anti-Nazis by Joseph Wechsberg, former American OSS officer and member of the US War Crimes Commission, it was verified that plans were made for a Fourth Reich before the fall of the Third,[3] and that this was to be implemented by reorganizing in remote Nazi colonies overseas: "The Nazis decided that the time had come to set up a world-wide clandestine escape network."[4] "They used Germans who had been hired to drive U.S. Army trucks on the autobahn between Munich and Salzburg for the 'Stars and Stripes,' the American Army newspaper. The couriers had applied for their jobs under false names, and the Americans in Munich had failed to check them carefully... (the) ODESSA was organized as a thorough, efficient network... Anlaufstellen (ports of call) were set up along the entire Austrian-German border... In Lindau, close to both Austria and Switzerland, (the) ODESSA set up an 'export-import' company with representatives in Cairo and Damascus."[4]
In his interviews with Sereny, Stangl denied any knowledge of a group called the ODESSA. Recent biographies of Adolf Eichmann, who also escaped to South America, and Heinrich Himmler, the alleged founder of the ODESSA, made no reference to such an organization. However, Hannah Arendt, in her book, Eichmann in Jerusalem, states that "in 1950, [Eichmann] succeeded in establishing contact with ODESSA, a clandestine organization of S.S. Veterans, and in May of that year, he was passed through Austria to Italy, where a Franciscan priest, fully informed of his identity, equipped him with a refugee passport in the name of Richard Klement and sent him on to Buenos Aires."[5] Notorious Auschwitz doctor Josef Mengele also escaped to South America.[6]
Sereny attributed the fact that SS members could escape to postwar chaos and the inability of the Roman Catholic Church, the Red Cross, and the American military to verify the claims of people who came to them for help, rather than to the activities of an underground Nazi organisation. She identified a Vatican official, Bishop Aloïs Hudal, not former SS men, as the principal agent in helping Nazis leave Italy for South America.
Argentine writer Uki Goñi, in his 2002 book The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Perón’s Argentina, suggested that Sereny’s more complex, and less conspiratorial, story was closer to the truth. In 1938, on the verge of World War II, and with Hitler’s policies on Jews in transit, Argentina’s government sanctioned an immigration law restricting access by any individual scorned or forsaken by his country’s government. This law was alleged to have implicitly targeted Jews and other minorities fleeing Germany at the time, and was denounced by Uki Goñi, who admits that his own grandfather had participated in upholding it. Between 1930 and 1949, however, Argentina took in more Jewish refugees per capita than any other nation in the world, with the exception of Israel. Dr. Leonardo Senkman of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem says that "the reopening of post-war European emigration to Argentina during the first Peron Presidency in 1946 pushed up the net immigration figure to 463,456 persons between 1947 and 1951..." the highest in thirty years.[7] The legislation, though already in disuse for many years, was repealed on 8 June 2005 as a symbolic act. The Jewish Virtual Library writes that while Juan Perón had sympathized with the Axis powers, "Perón also expressed sympathy for Jewish rights and established diplomatic relations with Israel in 1949. Since then, more than 45,000 Jews have emigrated to Israel from Argentina."[8]
Of particular importance in examining the postwar activities of high-ranking Nazis was Paul Manning's book Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile, which detailed Bormann's rise to power through the Nazi Party and as Hitler's Chief of Staff. During the war, Manning himself was a correspondent for the fledgling CBS News, along with Edward R. Murrow in London, and his reporting and subsequent researches presented Bormann's cunning and skill in the organization and planning for the flight of Nazi-controlled capital from Europe during the last years of the war--notwithstanding the strong possibility of Bormann's death in Berlin on May 1, 1945, especially in light of DNA identification of skeletal remains unearthed near the Lehrter Bahnhof as Bormann's.
According to Manning, "eventually, over 10,000 former German military made it to South America along escape routes set up by (the) ODESSA and the Deutsche Hilfsverein..." (page 181). The ODESSA itself was incidental, says Manning, with the continuing existence of the Bormann Organization a much larger and more menacing fact. None of this had yet been convincingly proven.[citation needed]

Red Cross and the Vatican 'helped thousands of Nazis escape'

A new book has revealed how the Red Cross and the Vatican helped thousands of Nazis including men like Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele to escape justice after the war.

Chief exorcist says Devil is in Vatican
The Vatican has always refused to comment on its wartime activities and has kept its archive closed to the public Photo: REUTERS
In his book "Nazis On The Run: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Europe" Gerald Steinacher, a research fellow from Harvard University, sheds light on just how thousands of Nazis managed to evade detection and start a new life.
Steinacher based much of his book on unpublished documents held by the Red Cross that revealed a system struggling to cope with the millions of displaced people in post-war Europe, and one that could be exploited by fleeing Nazis.
The historian estimates the some 8,000 SS men managed to escape to Britain and Canada alone using documents issued to them by the Red Cross by mistake.
But most fleeing war criminals either headed to Franco's Spain or South America.
While the Red Cross provided inadvertent help, the Vatican, the book claims, may have provided more considered help for Nazis desperate to avoid prison or the gallows. Owing to a desire to revive a Christian Europe or out of a morbid fear of the Soviet Union, the Vatican, through its refugee commission, said Mr Steinacher, provided leading war criminals with false identity papers.


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