The Jesuit New World Order

Tuesday, 5 June 2012

List of honorary British Knights and Dames of the british empire Politics and government


Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó, 17th Duke of Alba de Tormes Spain GCVO 1902 Politics/Government [13]
Emeka Anyaoku Nigeria GCVO 2000 Politics/Government
Count d'Arnoso Portugal KCVO tbd Politics/Government Private Secretary to the King of Portugal. Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1903.[14][15]
Count d'Arnoso Portugal GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Private Secretary to the King of Portugal.[14][15]
Franz Joseph von Auersperg Austria GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Privy Councillor and Chamberlain to The Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary.[16]
Joseph Avenol France KBE 1921 Politics/Government
Antonio Jose d'Avila Portugal KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Lord Mayor of Lisbon [14]
Ayub Khan Pakistan RVC tbd Politics/Government
Ayub Khan Pakistan GCMG 1960 Politics/Government (Field Marshal) President of Pakistan
August Graf Bellegarde Austria-Hungary KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Master of the Household to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary.[17][18]
Alexis, Prince of Bentheim and Steinfurt German Empire GCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Hermann Baron von Bilfinger Württemberg GCVO 1904 Politics/Government General Aide-de-Camp to His Majesty the King of Württemberg [19]
Anatol, Count Biogot de Saint-Quentin Austria-Hungary GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Major General Anatol was Comptroller to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary.
Robert, Count de Bourboulon Bulgaria GCVO 1905 Politics/Government Lord Chamberlain to the Prince of Bulgaria[20]
Henri, Marquis de Breteuil France KCVO 1904 Politics/Government
George H. W. Bush United States GCB 1993 Politics/Government
Felipe Calderón Mexico GCB 2009 Politics/Government
Nicolae Ceauşescu Romania GCB 1978 Politics/Government Annulled 1989
Anson Chan China GCMG 2002 Politics/Government [N 5]
Chentung Liang-Chang China KCMG 1897 Politics/Government [21]
Chentung Liang-Chang China KCVO 1909 Politics/Government [22]
Cherif Pasha Egypt GCSI 1878 Politics/Government
Eduard Graf Choloniewski Myszka Austria KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Master of the Ceremonies to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[18][19]
Prospero Colonna (politician) Italy GCVO 1903 Politics/Government (Prince of Sonnino) Syndic of Rome[15]
Abel Combarieu France GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Secretary General and Chief of the Household of the President of France[23]
Émile Combes France GCVO 1903 Politics/Government President of the Council[15]
Charles, Count Coudenhove Austria-Hungary GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Governor of Bohemia[24]
Philippe Crozier France KCVO 1898 Politics/Government [25]
Christian Frederik, Count Danneskjold-Samsöe Denmark GCVO 1904 Politics/Government [3]
Théophile Delcassé France GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Minister of Foreign Affairs[15]
Johan Deuntzer Denmark GCVO 1904 Politics/Government [3]
Alphonse Deville France GCVO 1903 Politics/Government President of the Municipal Council[15]
António Ramalho Eanes Portugal RVC 1985 Politics/Government
Gustavus Ernest of Erbach-Schönberg Württemberg KCVO 1898 Politics/Government [26]
Gustavus Ernest of Erbach-Schönberg Württemberg GCVO 1900 Politics/Government [27]
Walter Asmus Charles Frederick Eberhard, Baron von Esebeck German Empire KCVO 1909 Politics/Government Deputy Master of the Horse to the German Emperor, King of Prussia.[28]
Hussein Fakhry Pasha Egypt KCMG 1902 Politics/Government Minister of Public Works fo service in connection with the building of the Aswan Dam[29]
Luiz Coutinho Borges de Medeiros, Marquis of Fayal Portugal GCVO 1909 Politics/Government Lord in Waiting[30]
Tassilo, Count Festétics de Tolna tbd GCVO 1904 Politics/Government [24]
Antonio, Count of Figueiro tbd GCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Arturo Frondizi Argentina GCMG 1960 Politics/Government President of the Argentine Republic
Eduardo Galhardo Portugal KCIE 1901 Politics/Government Governor-General of Portuguese India [31]
Count Romeo Gallenga-Stuart Italy KBE tbd Politics/Government Under-Secretary for Press and Propaganda, for fostering good relations between Italy and Great Britain.
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives GCMG 2000 Politics/Government [32]
Count Cesare Gianotti Italy GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Master of the Household to the King of Italy[15]
Rudolph W. Giuliani United States KBE 2002 Politics/Government
Balbino Giuliano Italy GBE 1930 Politics/Government Minister of Public Education
Agenor Graf Goluchowski von Goluchowo Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Minister of the Imperial and Royal House and Minister for Foreign Affairs[18]
Alan Greenspan United States KBE 2002 Politics/Government
Leopold Baron von Gudenus Austria-Hungary KCVO 1903 Politics/Government [19] Oberjagermeister to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[18]
John Ritter von Habrda Austria-Hungary KCVO 1904 Politics/Government Commissioner of Police, Vienna[24]
Han Seung-soo South Korea KBE 2004 Politics/Government
Václav Havel Czech Republic GCB 1996 Politics/Government
Gustav Heinemann West Germany GCB 1972 Politics/Government President of West Germany
Count Basil Hendrikov tbd GCVO 1909 Politics/Government
Sassoon Effendi Heskail tbd KBE tbd Politics/Government
Harri Holkeri Finland KBE 1999 Politics/Government
Mohammed Ikramullah Pakistan KCMG 1961 Politics/Government
Ito Yukichi Japan KCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Dato Onn Bin Ja'Afar tbd KBE 1953 Politics/Government
Muhammad Hasan Jan tbd GCVO tbd Politics/Government
Martin Baron von Jenisch tbd GCVO 1908 Politics/Government
Bhim Shumshere Jung Nepal KCVO tbd Politics/Government
Bhim Shumshere Jung Nepal KCSI 1917 Politics/Government Subsequently promoted GCSI in 1931.
Bhim Shumshere Jung Nepal GCSI 1931 Politics/Government
Judha Shumshere Jung Nepal KCIE 1917 Politics/Government Subsequently promoted GCIE.
Judha Shumshere Jung Nepal GCIE tbd Politics/Government
Judha Shumshere Jung Nepal GCSI 1935 Politics/Government
Kang Young-Hoon South Korea KBE 1995 Politics/Government
Kajetan von Kapos-Mére Austria-Hungary KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Second Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Vienna[18][19]
Hamid Karzai Afghanistan GCMG 2003 Politics/Government
Abera Kassa (Dejazmatch) Ethiopia KBE 1932 Politics/Government Son of Ras Kassa, handed over to the Italians (by Ras Hailu of Gojjam)who shot him & his brother dead immediately after capture.[33]
Edward Kennedy United States KBE 2009 Politics/Government
Erich Graf Kielmansegg Austria-Hungary KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Governor of Lower Austria. Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1904.[18]
Erich Graf Kielmansegg Austria-Hungary GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Governor of Lower Austria[19]
Kim Dae-jung South Korea GCB tbd Politics/Government
Kim Dae-jung South Korea GCMG tbd Politics/Government
Helmut Kohl Germany GCMG tbd Politics/Government
Martin Charles Augustus Kirschner German Empire KCVO 1909 Politics/Government Chief Burgomaster of Berlin[28]
Julius Benedictus, Count Krag Juel Vind Frijs Denmark KCVO 1904 Politics/Government Promoted from CVO.[3]
Magens Christian, Count Krag Juel Vind Frijs Denmark KCVO 1904 Politics/Government [3]
John Kufuor Ghana GCB 2007 Politics/Government
Husein Kuli Khan tbd KCIE 1902 Politics/Government
Pier Francesco, Marchese di Lajatico Italy KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Crown Equerry to the King of Italy[15]
Pierre-Olivier Lapie tbd KBE tbd Politics/Government
Alfred, Marquis de Lau d'Allemand tbd KCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Jose d'Almeida Correa de Sa, Marquis of Lavradio Portugal GCVO 1909 Politics/Government Private Secretary[30]
Lee Kuan Yew Singapore CH 1970 Politics/Government Prime Minister of Singapore[34]
Lee Kuan Yew Singapore GCMG 1972 Politics/Government Prime Minister of Singapore
Hans Ritter von Lex West Germany KBE 1961 Politics/Government Former state secretary in the west German Interior Ministry, for services to Anglo-German relations.[35]
Wenceslau de Lima Portugal GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Minister of Foreign Affairs[14][15]
Joseph Luns Netherlands CH 1971 Politics/Government
Heinrich Graf Lützow zu Drey Lützow Austria KCVO 1903 Politics/Government First Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Vienna.[18][19]
Ferenc Mádl Hungary GCMG 2002 Politics/Government
Sayyed Abdelrahman el-Mahdi tbd KBE 1926 Politics/Government
Mohammed Pasha Mahmud tbd GCMG 1929 Politics/Government
Nelson Mandela South Africa OM 1995 Politics/Government
Ferdinand Meldahl Denmark GCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Paul Metternich German Empire GCVO 1901 Politics/Government
Andreas Michalakopoulos Greece KBE tbd Politics/Government
Mirza Hussein Khan Iran GCSI 1873 Politics/Government
George J. Mitchell United States GBE 1999 Politics/Government
François Mitterrand France GCB tbd Politics/Government
François Mitterrand France RVC 1992 Politics/Government
Joachim Moltke Denmark GCVO 1896 Politics/Government
Felipe, Duke of Montellano Spain GCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Alfred, 2nd Prince of Montenuovo Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Second Lord Steward to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[18]
Kengo Mori Japan KBE 1927 Politics/Government Financial Commissioner to the Imperial Japanese Government in London, Paris and New York
Robert Mugabe Zimbabwe GCB 1994 Politics/Government Annulled 2008
Benito Mussolini Italy GCB 1923 Politics/Government Annulled 1940
Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha Egypt GCMG 1920 Politics/Government
Ameer Ibrahim Nasir Maldives KBE 1972 Politics/Government President of the Republic of Maldives
Constantin Freiherr von Neurath Germany GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Lord Chamberlain to His Majesty The King of Württemberg[16]
Nubar Pasha Egypt GCSI 1896 Politics/Government
Waldemar Oldenburg Denmark KCVO 1904 Politics/Government [3]
Manuel Augusto Pereira da Cunha Portugal KCVO 1903 Politics/Government Civil Governor of Lisbon.[14]
Hassan Pirnia Iran GCMG 1907 Politics/Government
Byron Price United States KBE 1948 Politics/Government
Husain Khan Qazvini tbd GCSI 1873 Politics/Government
Mahdi Quli Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu tbd KCMG 1889 Politics/Government
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan India OM 1963 Politics/Government
Tunku Abdul Rahman Malaysia CH 1961 Politics/Government
Fidel V. Ramos Philippines GCMG 1995 Politics/Government
Tun Abdul Razak Malaysia GCMG 1972 Politics/Government
Ronald Reagan United States GCB 1989 Politics/Government
Carl Baron von der Recke tbd KCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Eck Baron von Reischach Württemberg GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Lord Chamberlain to the Queen of Wurtemberg[16]
Hugo Freiherr von Reischach tbd KCVO 1897 Politics/Government
Oswald Baron von Richthofen German Empire GCVO 1904 Politics/Government Minister of Foreign Affairs[36]
Charles de Rocca-Serra tbd KCMG 1917 Politics/Government
Ernst von Röder tbd KCVO 1902 Politics/Government
Roh Moo-hyun South Korea GCB 2004 Politics/Government
Carlos Roma du Bocage Portugal GCVO 1909 Politics/Government Minister for Foreign Affairs[30]
F. W. F. Rosenstand tbd KCVO 1901 Politics/Government
Friedrich von Ruexleben tbd KCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Dean Rusk United States KBE 1976 Politics/Government Former Secretary of State for contribution to Anglo-American friendship[6]
Saba Pasha tbd KCMG 1907 Politics/Government
Antonio Vasco de Mello Silva Cezar e Menezes, Count of Sabugosa Portugal GCVO 1909 Politics/Government Lord Steward[30]
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun Iraq KCMG 1926 Politics/Government
Safvet Pasha tbd GCSI 1878 Politics/Government
Mohammed Said Pasha tbd GCMG 1912 Politics/Government
Saito Momotaro tbd GCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Mariano, Duke of Santo Mauro Spain GCVO 1905 Politics/Government Lord in Waiting to the King of Spain[37]
Justin de Selves France GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Prefect of Seine[15]
Fernando Eduardo de Serpa Pimentel Portugal KCVO 1903 Politics/Government [14] (Captain) Aide-de-Camp[30]
Eduard Shevardnadze Georgia GCMG 2000 Politics/Government
Said Shoucair Pasha tbd KBE 1924 Politics/Government
Ismail Sirry Pasha tbd KCMG 1913 Politics/Government
Duke of Sotomayor Spain GCVO 1902 Politics/Government Great Chamberlain to the King of Spain[13]
Georges de Staal tbd GCVO 1902 Politics/Government
Dirk Stikker Netherlands GBE 1951 Politics/Government
Dirk Stikker Netherlands GCVO 1958 Politics/Government
Karl Friedrich von Strenge tbd KCVO 1899 Politics/Government
Suharto Indonesia GCB 1974 Politics/Government
Cevdet Sunay Turkey KCB 1967 Politics/Government
Count Tarouca Portugal GCVO 1903 Politics/Government Chamberlain to the King of Portugal. Attached to King Edward VII.[14][15]
Clément Thomas tbd GCIE 1893 Politics/Government
Nicholas Thon tbd KCVO tbd Politics/Government Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1905.
Nicholas Thon tbd GCVO 1905 Politics/Government
Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia GCB 1972 Politics/Government
Tommaso Tittoni Italy GCVO 1903 Politics/Government
Ali El Tom tbd KBE 1926 Politics/Government
Karl Prince Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg tbd GCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Alexander Trepoff tbd KCMG 1916 Politics/Government
Danilo Türk Slovenia GCB 2008 Politics/Government
Antonio Villaça tbd GCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Wenceslau Ramirez de Villa-Urrutia Spain GCVO 1905 Politics/Government Minister of Foreign Affairs[37]
Count Carl Wachtmeister tbd KCVO 1908 Politics/Government
John Warner United States KBE 2009 Politics/Government
Rudolf de Weede tbd KCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Caspar Weinberger United States GBE 1988 Politics/Government
Richard von Weizsäcker Germany RVC 1992 Politics/Government
John Gilbert Winant United States OM 1947 Politics/Government
August von Wöllwarth-Lauterburg Württemberg GCVO[27] 1900 Politics/Government
Robert Worcester United States KBE 2004 Politics/Government Later became a British national in 2005
Ketema Yifru Ethiopia KCMG 1965 Politics/Government
Giuseppe Zanardelli Italy GCVO 1903 Politics/Government President of the Council[15]
Jose Zarco de Camara, Count of Ribeira Grande tbd GCVO 1904 Politics/Government
Zulfikar Pasha Egypt KBE 1920 Politics/Government

Diplomatic

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Abderrahman bin Abdelsadok Morocco KCVO 1903 Diplomatic [14] Governor of Fez, Special Envoy from the Sultan of Morocco.
Henry Angst Switzerland KCMG 1906 Diplomatic British Consul-General in Zurich[38]
Walter Annenberg United States KBE 1976 Diplomatic American Ambassador in London 1969 to 1974 for contribution to Anglo-American friendship[6]
Frants Ernst Bille Denmark GCVO 1904 Diplomatic Danish Minister in London[3]
Antonio Chiaramonte Bordonaro tbd GBE 1930 Diplomatic
Paul Cambon France GCVO 1903 Diplomatic French Ambassador in London[15]
André Clasen Luxembourg GCVO 1968 Diplomatic Luxembourg Ambassador[39]
Timoor al-Daghistani tbd GCVO 2001 Diplomatic
John W. Davis United States GBE 1953 Diplomatic Former Ambassador to the Court of Saint James and President of the Pilgrims of the United States.[40]
Hermann von Eckhardtstein tbd KCVO 1902 Diplomatic
Aimé-Joseph de Fleuriau France GCVO 1921 Diplomatic French Ambassador to the Court of Saint James[41]
Léon Geoffray France GCVO 1908 Diplomatic
Lloyd Carpenter Griscom United States KCMG 1919 Diplomatic
Slavko Grouitch tbd KBE tbd Diplomatic
Gunnar Hägglöf Sweden GCVO tbd Diplomatic
Hayashi Tadasu Japan GCVO 1905 Diplomatic
Pedro Felipe Iñiguez Chile KCVO 1919 Diplomatic Chilean Special Mission[42]
Louis Joxe France KBE 1952 Diplomatic Head of the cultural relations department of the Foreign Ministry for services to British cultural issues.[2]
Count de Lalaing Belgium GCVO 1915 Diplomatic Belgium Minister in London[43]
Ferdinand de Lesseps France GCSI 1870 Diplomatic
Li Ching Fong tbd KCVO 1896 Diplomatic Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1909.
Li Ching Fong tbd GCVO 1909 Diplomatic
Li Hung Chang China GCVO 1896 Diplomatic
Dimitry Metaxas tbd GCVO 1905 Diplomatic
Armand Mollard France KCVO 1903 Diplomatic Director of Protocole[15]
Nazir ul Mulk Persia GCMG 1897 Diplomatic
Willem J. Oudendyk tbd KCMG tbd Diplomatic
Alberto Pansa Italy GCVO 1903 Diplomatic Italian Ambassador to London[15]
Wilfried Platzer tbd GCVO tbd Diplomatic
Luis Polo de Bernabé Spain GCVO 1905 Diplomatic Spanish Ambassador to the Court of Saint James[37]
Muhsin Rais Iran GCVO 1948 Diplomatic Iranian Ambassador
Rodrigo Saavedra y Vinent, 2nd Marques de Villalobar Spain KCVO tbd Diplomatic
Sergey Sazonov Russia GCB 1916 Diplomatic
Comte de Serionne tbd KCMG 1917 Diplomatic
Marquis de Soveral Portugal GCMG 1897 Diplomatic [44]
Marquis de Soveral Portugal GCVO 1902 Diplomatic [45]
Ismael Tocornal Chile GCVO 1919 Diplomatic Head of the Chilean Special Mission[42]
Dimitri Tzokoff Bulgaria KCVO 1905 Diplomatic

Military

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Jean-Marie Charles Abrial France KCB 1940 Military (Admiral) Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Maritimes du Nord, for his services in connexion with the withdrawal of the Allied forces from Dunkirk[46]
Alfredo Acton Italy KCB tbd Military Admiral[47]
Christian Henrik Arendrup Denmark GCVO 1904 Military Major General [3]
Gustav Carl Heinrich Ferdinand Emil von Arnim German Empire GCVO 1900 Military General [48]
Henry H. Arnold United States GCB 1945 Military (General of the Army) Chief of Staff, United States Army Air Force[49]
Felice Avogadro dei Conti di Quinto Italy GCVO 1904 Military (Lieutenant-General) Inspector of Cavalry, Italian Army[50]
Viktor Balck Sweden KCMG tbd Military
Edouard Barrera France KCVO 1897 Military (Vice-Admiral) Commander-in-Chief and Maritime Prefect of Brest[51]
José de Bascaran y Federico Spain GCVO 1905 Military (General) Chief of the Military Household[37]
Friedrich Count von Baudissin German Empire KCVO 1904 Military (Rear-Admiral, Imperial German Navy) Aide-de-Camp to the German Emperor, attached to King Edward VII[36]
Anton Baron von Bechtolsheim Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Military (General of Cavalry) Captain of the Tranbenten and Infantry Companies of the Life Guards, attached to King Edward VII[18]
Walter Bedell Smith United States KCB 1944 Military (Lieutenant-General) Chief of Staff of Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force
Walter Bedell Smith United States GBE 1945 Military (Lieutenant-General) Chief of Staff of Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force[52]
Prince Konstantin Belosselsky-Belozersky tbd GCVO 1909 Military
John Biddle United States KCB 1918 Military (Major-General) Commanding United States troops in the United Kingdom[53]
Georges Blanchard France KCB 1940 Military (General) in recognition of distinguished service in operations in Belgium and Northern France[46]
Tasker H. Bliss United States GCMG 1918 Military (General) United States representative at Versailles
Leopoldo Boado y Montes tbd KCVO 1905 Military
Friedrich von Bock und Polack German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (Lieutenant-General) Commander 9th Army Corps[36]
Petar Bojović Serbia GCMG 1918 Military
Augustin Boué de Lapeyrère France KCB 1915 Military
Omar Bradley United States KCB tbd Military
Guilherme Augusto de Brito Capello Portugal KCVO 1902 Military
Hermenegildo de Brito Capello Portugal KCVO 1903 Military (Rear-Admiral) Aide-de-Camp to His Majesty the King of Portugal. Attached to His Majesty King Edward VII. Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1904.[14][15]
Hermenegildo de Brito Capello Portugal GCVO 1904 Military (Rear-Admiral) Aide-de-Camp to His Majesty the King of Portugal.
Herrmann von Broizem German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (General) Commander of XIIth Army Corps, German Army[50]
Karl Baron von Bronn Austria-Hungary KCVO 1909 Military (Colonel) Aide-de-Camp to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
Charles George, Baron von Bronn Austria-Hungary KCVO 1909 Military (Lieutenant-Colonel) Equerry to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[54]
Ugo Brusati Italy GCVO 1903 Military (General) First Aide-de-Camp to the King of Italy[15]
Wilhelm Büchsel German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (Vice-Admiral) Chief of Staff Imperial German Navy[36]
Karl von Bülow German Empire GCVO 1909 Military (General) Commander 3rd Army Corps[28]
Luigi Cadorna Italy GCB 1915 Military
François Certain Canrobert France GCB tbd Military
Ivan Chaghin tbd KCVO 1909 Military
Chiang Kai-shek China GCB 1942 Military
Mark W. Clark United States KBE 1944 Military Lieutenant-General United States Army, Commander 5th Army[55]
Wesley Clark United States KBE 2000 Military
Henri de la Croix France GCVO 1903 Military (General) Attached to King Edward VII[15]
Alphons, Count zu Dohna German Empire KCVO 1909 Military (Major-General) Commander of the Cavalry Division of the Guards.[28]
William Joseph Donovan United States KBE tbd Military
James Doolittle United States KCB 1944 Military (Lieutenant-General) Commander 8th US Army Air Force[56]
A. M. J. Dor de Lastours tbd KCMG 1915 Military
Antonio Duartt e Silva Portugal KCVO 1903 Military [14] (Colonel) Commanding Portuguese Cavalry Regiment No. 3[15]
Émile Dubois France GCVO 1903 Military Chief of the Military Household of the President of France [23]
Charles John George von Eisendecher German Empire GCVO 1904 Military Vice-Admiral, Imperial German Navy[36]
Dwight D. Eisenhower United States GCB 1945 Military (General of the Army) Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.
Dwight D. Eisenhower United States OM 1945 Military (General of the Army) Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.[52]
Maximilian von Engelbrechten German Empire KCVO 1904 Military (Colonel) Commander 36th Infantry Brigade[36]
François Ernest Fournier France GCVO 1903 Military (Admiral) Attached to King Edward VII[15]
Prince Louis Esterházy Spain GCVO 1902 Military Lieutenant-General[13]
Marie-Pierre de Fauque de Jonquières tbd KCMG 1915 Military
Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral Portugal KCVO 1903 Military (Rear-Admiral) President of the Royal Geographical Society, Lisbon[14][15]
Max Fischel German Empire KCVO 1904 Military (Rear-Admiral, Imperial German Navy) Admiral Superintendent of the Dockyard, Kiel[36]
Ferdinand Foch France GCB 1914 Military
Ferdinand Foch France OM 1918 Military
Benoit de Formel de la Laurencie France KBE 1940 Military (General) in recognition of distinguished service in operations in Belgium and Northern France[46]
Tommy Franks United States KBE 2004 Military
Giovanni Frigerio Italy GCVO 1903 Military (Vice-Admiral) Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Mediterranean Squadron, Naples[15]
Fukushima Yasumasa Japan KCB tbd Military
Luis Gomez Carreño Chile KCVO 1919 Military (Admiral) Chilean Special Mission[42]
William C. Gorgas United States KCMG 1920 Military
Emile Guépratte tbd KCB 1916 Military
Albert Guérisse Belgium KBE tbd Military
Alexis Hagron tbd KCVO 1898 Military
William F. Halsey, Jr. United States KBE tbd Military United States Navy Fleet Admiral [57]
Olaf M. Hustvedt United States tbd tbd Military United States Navy Vice Admiral [58]
Leopold Ritter von Jedina tbd KCVO 1903 Military (Rear-Admiral) attached to King Edward VII[18]
Joseph Joffre France GCB tbd Military
Joseph Joffre France GCVO 1914 Military (General) Chief of the French General Staff[59]
Joseph Joffre France OM 1919 Military
Kamio Mitsuomi Japan GCMG 1915 Military
Kato Sadakichi tbd GCMG 1915 Military
Gustav von Kessel tbd GCVO 1901 Military
Alan Goodrich Kirk United States KCB 1943 Military
Hans von Koester German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (Admiral) Commander-in-Chief and Inspector General of the Imperial German Navy[36]
Wenzel Freiherr Kotz von Dobrz Austria GCVO 1904 Military [16] Privy Councillor and Chamberlain to His Imperial Majesty The Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
Marian Kukiel Poland KCB tbd Military
Johan Laidoner Estonia KCMG tbd Military
Jean de Lattre de Tassigny France GCB 1952 Military
J. M. E. G. Lefevre tbd KCMG 1915 Military
André Lemonnier tbd KCB tbd Military
Waldemar Edward Lemvigh Denmark KCVO 1904 Military Colonel[3]
Milans del Bosch y Carrio Joaquin Mario Leon Spain KCVO 1905 Military (Colonel) Aide-de-Camp to the King of Spain[37]
Rudolf Prince von und zu Liechtenstein Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Military First Lord Steward and Acting Master of the Horse to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[18]
Alfred von Loewenfeld tbd KCVO 1902 Military Subsequently promoted GCVO in 1905.
Alfred von Loewenfeld tbd GCVO 1905 Military
Douglas MacArthur United States GCB 1943 Military
Comte de Maigret tbd KCVO 1899 Military
Pio Carlo di Majo Italy KCVO 1903 Military (Major-General) Aide-de-Camp to King of Italy, attached to King Edward VII[15]
Mikhail Malinin tbd KBE 1945 Military
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Finland GBE 1938 Military
Peyton March United States GCMG 1918 Military (General) Chief of the General Staff, United States Army[60]
Peter Markoff tbd GCVO 1905 Military
Wolf, Baron Marschall German Empire KCVO 1909 Military (Major-General) Attached to King George VII[28]
George Marshall United States GCB 1945 Military (General of the Army) Chief of Staff, United States Army[49]
Rodolphe Maton Belgium KBE 1955 Military
Hugo Graf Mensdorff-Pouilly tbd KCVO 1904 Military
Živojin Mišić Serbia KCB 1915 Military
Živojin Mišić Serbia GCMG 1916 Military
Helmuth von Moltke the Younger German Empire KCVO 1901 Military
Anne de Montmorency France KG 1532 Military
François, Duke of Montmorency France KG 1572 Military
Enrico Morin Italy GCVO 1903 Military (Vice-Admiral) Minister for Foreign Affairs[15]
Edward von Müller tbd GCVO 1897 Military
François de Negrier tbd GCVO 1898 Military
Chester W. Nimitz United States GCB tbd Military
Nogi Maresuke Japan GCB 1911 Military
Hély d'Oissel tbd KCB 1915 Military
Kuwashi Okazawa tbd GCVO tbd Military
Oyama Iwao Japan OM 1906 Military
Eduard Graf Paar Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Military (General of Cavalry) Senior Aide-de-Camp to the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary[18]
Adolf Palander tbd GCVO 1908 Military
Alexander Papagos Greece GBE 1941 Military (General) Commander-in-chief allied forces in Greece during the Albanian campaign[61]
George S. Patton United States KBE tbd Military
George S. Patton United States GCB tbd Military
Ettore Pedotti Italy GCVO 1903 Military (General) Commander Xth Army Corps, attached to King Edward VII[15]
John J. Pershing United States GCB 1918 Military (General) Commander-in-Chief United States Expeditionary Force in France[60]
Philippe Pétain France GCMG tbd Military
Nobile Porro tbd GCMG 1915 Military
Colin Powell United States KCB 1993 Military
Karl Freiherr von Röder tbd KCVO 1904 Military
Hugh Rodman United States KCB 1918 Military
Konstantin Rokossovsky Soviet Union KCB 1945 Military
Garcia Rosado tbd KCMG tbd Military
Sa Zhenbing Qing Dynasty KCMG 1909 Military
Dedo Charles Henry von Schenck German Empire GCVO 1909 Military (Lieutenant-General) Commander 2nd Division of the Guards[28]
Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr. United States KCB 1993 Military
Brent Scowcroft United States KBE 1993 Military
Baron von Seckendorff German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (Vice-Admiral) Master of the Household to Prince Henry of Prussia[36]
Fernando de Serpa Pimentel Portugal KCVO 1909 Military (Captain) [30]
William Hood Simpson United States KBE 1945 Military (Lieutenant-General) Commanding General, 9th United States Army[52]
William S. Sims United States GCMG 1918 Military Vice-Admiral United States Navy
Rudolf Carl von Slatin Austria-Hungary KCMG 1900 Military Lieutenant-General (Egyptian Army)
Rudolf Carl von Slatin Austria-Hungary KCVO 1909 Military Inspector-General of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan[54]
Leighton W. Smith, Jr. United States KBE 1997 Military
Carl Spaatz United States KBE 1944 Military Promoted to GBE in 1945.
Carl Spaatz United States GBE 1945 Military
George Owen Squier United States KCMG 1919 Military Major-General, Signal Corps, United States Army[62]
Stepa Stepanović Serbia GCMG 1918 Military
Joseph Strauss United States KCMG 1918 Military
Tamemoto Kuroki Japan GCMG tbd Military
Tanaka Giichi Japan KCMG tbd Military
Tanaka Giichi Japan GBE tbd Military
William L. Timlin tbd KBE 1990 Military
Alfred von Tirpitz German Empire GCVO 1904 Military (Admiral) Minister of Marine[36]
Togo Heihachiro Japan GCVO tbd Military Admiral
Togo Heihachiro Japan OM 1906 Military Admiral
Guido von Usedom German Empire KCMG 1906 Military Imperial German Navy
Guido von Usedom German Empire GCVO 1909 Military Vice-Admiral, Imperial German Navy[28]
Emilio Vaglia Italy GCVO 1903 Military (General) Lord Steward to the King of Italy[15]
Frederick Otto Wahle Saxony KCVO 1904 Military (Major-General) Commanding Royal Saxon Field Engineers[50]
Yamagata Aritomo Japan OM 1906 Military
Nikolai Yermoloff Russia KCVO 1905 Military (Major-General) Military Attache to the Imperial Russian Embassy, London[63]
George Zachariae Denmark KCVO 1901 Military (Rear-Admiral)
Georgy Zhukov Soviet Union GCB 1945 Military

Business

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Auguste-Louis-Albéric, Prince d'Arenberg France GCSI 1909 Business Member of the Institute of France, President of the Suez Canal Company[64]
Ariyoshi Yoshiya Japan KBE tbd Business Chairman of the Japanese Shipowners Association
Antonin Besse France KBE tbd Business [citation needed]
Henri Deterding Netherlands KBE 1920 Business
Sierd Sint Eriks Netherlands KBE 1961 Business Managing Director of Mullard Ltd for valuable services to British official interests.[65]
Niall FitzGerald Ireland KBE 2002 Business
Bill Gates United States KBE 2004 Business Chairman of Microsoft and Corbis and Co-Chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in recognition of his business skills and for his work on poverty reduction [66]
Lou Gerstner United States KBE tbd Business
Paul Getty United States KBE 1987 Business Became a British national in 1997
Carlos Ghosn Brazil KBE 2006 Business
Cecil H. Green United States KBE 1991 Business He lost British nationality upon becoming a US citizen before 1949 [N 2]
Sam E. Jonah Ghana KBE 2003 Business
Kim Sang Man South Korea KBE 1981 Business Publisher [67]
Gerrit Klijnstra Netherlands KBE 1973 Business [68]
Jonkheer Loudon Netherlands KBE 1960 Business President of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and senior managing director of the Royal Dutch/Shell group in recognition of his important contributions to the national economy and to British interests abroad.[69]
Akio Morita Japan KBE 1993 Business
Masaru Shinchi tbd KBE 2002 Business
Paul Rykens Netherlands KBE 1959 Business
Edgar Sengier Belgium KBE 1956 Business President of the permanent committee of the Union Minière du Haut Katanga for valuable services to Britain and to Anglo-Belgian relations.[70]
Antonio Joaquim Simoes de Almeida Portugal KCVO 1903 Business [14] President of the Commercial Association of Lisbon[15]
Peter Sutherland Ireland KCMG 2004 Business
Basil Zaharoff Greece GBE 1918 Business
Basil Zaharoff Greece GCB 1919 Business

Religion

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Zaki Badawi Egypt KBE 2004 Religion
Billy Graham United States KBE 2001 Religion
Gilbert Helmer Bohemia KCVO 1909 Religion
Sheikh Ali bin Salim tbd KBE 1929 Religion
Turian Torkom Koushagian Palestine KBE 1930 Religion Armenian Patriarch of Jerusalem[71]

Royalty Part 1

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Amir Abdur Rahman Khan Afghanistan GCSI 1885 Royalty [72]
Amir Abdur Rahman Khan Afghanistan GCB 1893 Royalty [72]
Prince Nasrullah Khan Afghanistan GCMG 1896 Royalty [72]
King Habibullah Khan Afghanistan GCMG 1896 Royalty [73]
King Habibullah Khan Afghanistan GCB 1907 Royalty [73]
King Amanullah Khan Afghanistan RVC 1928 Royalty [74]
Queen Soraya Tarzi Afghanistan GBE 1928 Royalty [74]
Prince Muhammad Hasan Afghanistan GCVO 1928 Royalty [72]
Princess Razia Begum Afghanistan DBE 1928 Royalty [72]
Princess Bibi Khurd Afghanistan DBE 1928 Royalty [73]
King Mohammed Zahir Shah Afghanistan RVC 1971 Royalty [75]
Prince Zalmai Mahmud Khan Ghazi Afghanistan GCVO 1971 Royalty [citation needed]
Prince 'Abdu'l Wali Khan Afghanistan GCVO 1971 Royalty [75]
Prince Wilhelm I Albania GCVO 1914 Royalty
King Essad Pasha Albania KCMG 1916 Royalty
King Alfonso V Aragon KG 1450 Royalty
King Ferdinand II Aragon KG 1480 Royalty
Emperor Francis I Austria-Hungary KG 1814 Royalty
Emperor Franz Joseph I Austria-Hungary KG 1867 Royalty Degraded 1915
Emperor Franz Joseph I Austria-Hungary RVC 1904 Royalty Annulled 1915
Emperor Franz Joseph I Austria-Hungary GCVO 1904 Royalty Annulled 1915
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria-Hungary KG 1902 Royalty
Archduke Ludwig Victor Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Royalty [17][18]
Archduke Leopold Salvator Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Royalty [17][18]
Archduke Franz Salvator Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Royalty [17][18]
Archduke Rainer Ferdinand Austria-Hungary GCVO 1903 Royalty [17][18]
Sheikh Isa I ibn Ali al-Khalifa Bahrain KCIE 1919 Royalty
Sheikh Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah Bahrain KCIE 1935 Royalty
Sheikh Salman ibn Hamad Al-Khalifa Bahrain KCIE 1943 Royalty
Sheikh Salman ibn Hamad Al-Khalifa Bahrain KCMG 1952 Royalty
Emir Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa Bahrain KCMG 1964 Royalty Promoted GCMG in 1979.
Emir Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa Bahrain GCMG 1979 Royalty
Emir Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa Bahrain GCB 1984 Royalty
King Hamad ibn Isa al-Khalifah Bahrain KCMG 1979 Royalty
Sheikh Muhammad ibn Mubarak al-Khalifa Bahrain GCMG 1984 Royalty
Sheikh Muhammad ibn Khalifa ibn Hamad al-Khalifa Bahrain GBE 1984 Royalty
King Léopold I Belgium KG 1816 Royalty
King Léopold II Belgium KG 1866 Royalty
King Albert I Belgium KG 1914 Royalty
King Albert I Belgium GCB tbd Royalty
King Léopold III Belgium KG 1935 Royalty
King Léopold III Belgium RVC 1937 Royalty
King Baudouin I Belgium KG 1963 Royalty
King Albert II Belgium GCVO[76]
Royalty
Maharaja Ugyen Wangchuk Bhutan KCIE 1905 Royalty
Maharaja Ugyen Wangchuk Bhutan KCSI 1911 Royalty
Maharaja Ugyen Wangchuk Bhutan GCIE 1921 Royalty
Maharaja Jigme Wangchuk Bhutan KCIE 1930 Royalty
Emperor Pedro II Brazil KG 1871 Royalty
Duke John V Brittany KG 1375 Royalty
Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II Brunei KCMG 1920 Royalty
Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Brunei KBE 1949 Royalty
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin III Brunei KCMG 1953 Royalty
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin III Brunei GCVO 1972 Royalty
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei GCMG 1972 Royalty
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei GCB 1992 Royalty
Prince Idris Brunei KCVO 1992 Royalty
Prince Jefri Bolkiah Brunei GCVO 1992 Royalty
Prince Muhammad Bolkiah Brunei GCMG 1998 Royalty
Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah Brunei GCVO 1998 Royalty
King Ferdinand I Bulgaria GCVO 1904 Royalty
Duke Charles the Bold Burgundy KG 1468 Royalty
King Philip I Castile KG 1503 Royalty
Prince Tsai Hsun China GCB 1909 Royalty Chief Administrator of the Chinese Admiralty on the visit of the Chinese Naval Commission to the United Kingdom[77]
King Eric VII Denmark KG 1404 Royalty
King John Denmark KG 1493 Royalty
King Frederick II Denmark KG 1578 Royalty
King Christian IV Denmark KG 1603 Royalty
King Christian V Denmark KG 1662 Royalty
King Frederick VI Denmark KG 1822 Royalty
King Christian IX Denmark KG 1865 Royalty
King Frederick VIII Denmark KG 1896 Royalty
King Frederick VIII Denmark GCVO 1901 Royalty
King Frederick VIII Denmark RVC 1902 Royalty
King Frederick VIII Denmark GCB tbd Royalty
King Christian X Denmark KG 1914 Royalty
King Frederick IX Denmark KG 1951 Royalty
Queen Margrethe II Denmark RVC 1974 Royalty
Queen Margrethe II Denmark LG 1979 Royalty
Queen Margrethe II Denmark GCVO tbd Royalty
Khedive Isma'il Egypt GCB 1866 Royalty
Khedive Isma'il Egypt GCSI 1868 Royalty
Khedive Tawfiq Egypt GCSI 1875 Royalty
Khedive Tawfiq Egypt GCB 1887 Royalty
Khedive Abbas II Egypt GCMG 1891 Royalty
Khedive Abbas II Egypt GCB 1892 Royalty
Khedive Abbas II Egypt GCVO 1900 Royalty [78]
Khedive Abbas II Egypt RVC 1905 Royalty
Prince Muhammad Ali Egypt GCMG 1900 Royalty [78]
Prince Muhammad Ali Egypt GCB 1937 Royalty
Sultan Hussein Kamel Egypt GCB 1914 Royalty
King Fuad I Egypt GCB 1917 Royalty
King Fuad I Egypt RVC 1927 Royalty
Emperor Menelek II Ethiopia GCMG 1897 Royalty
Emperor Menelek II Ethiopia GCB 1902 Royalty
Prince Makonnen Wolde Mikael Ethiopia KCMG 1902 Royalty
Emperor Iyasu V Ethiopia GCVO 1911 Royalty
Prince Kassa Hailu ze-Darge Ethiopia GCVO 1911 Royalty
Prince Kassa Hailu ze-Darge Ethiopia GBE 1930 Royalty
Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopia GCMG 1917 Royalty
Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopia GCB 1924 Royalty
Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopia GCVO 1930 Royalty
Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopia RVC 1930 Royalty
Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopia KG 1954 Royalty
Emperor Amha Selassie Ethiopia GCVO 1930 Royalty
Emperor Amha Selassie Ethiopia GBE 1932 Royalty
Emperor Amha Selassie Ethiopia GCMG 1958 Royalty
Emperor Amha Selassie Ethiopia RVC 1965 Royalty
Princess Tenagne Worq Ethiopia DBE 1932 Royalty
Prince Makonnen Haile Selassie Ethiopia GCVO 1954 Royalty
Princess Sebla-Wangel Desta Ethiopia DCVO 1965 Royalty
Prince Asserate Kassa Ethiopia GCVO 1965 Royalty
Giuliano di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence KG 1514 Royalty
King Francis I France KG 1527 Royalty
King Henry II France KG 1551 Royalty
King Charles IX France KG 1564 Royalty
King Henry III France KG 1575 Royalty
King Henry IV France KG 1590 Royalty
King Louis XVIII France KG 1814 Royalty
King Charles X France KG 1825 Royalty
King Louis-Philippe France KG 1844 Royalty
Emperor Napoleon III France KG 1855 Royalty
Empress Eugénie France GBE 1919 Royalty
Prince Aribert Anhalt[N 6] GCB 1891 Royalty
Grand Duke Friedrich I Baden[N 6] GCVO 1905 Royalty
Grand Duke Friedrich I Baden[N 6] KG 1906 Royalty
Prince Francis Joseph Battenberg[N 6] GCVO 1897 Royalty [51]
Prince Francis Joseph Battenberg[N 6] KCB tbd Royalty
Elector Frederick William Brandenburg[N 6] KG 1654 Royalty
Duke William the Victorious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1450 Royalty
Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick-Bevern Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1759 Royalty
Duke George William of Brunswick-Lüneburg Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1690 Royalty
Elector George Louis Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1701 Royalty Later King George I of Great Britain
Prince George Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1706 Royalty Later King George II of Great Britain
Duke Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick-Lüneburg Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1765 Royalty
Duke William of Brunswick-Lüneburg Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1831 Royalty
Duke Christian of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Brunswick or Hanover[N 6] KG 1624 Royalty
Emperor Friedrich III German Empire[N 7] KG 1858 Royalty On becoming son-in-law of Queen Victoria when a Prince of Prussia
Emperor Wilhelm I German Empire[N 7] KG 1861 Royalty On becoming King of Prussia
Emperor Wilhelm II German Empire[N 7] KG 1879 Royalty Degraded 1915
Emperor Wilhelm II German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1899 Royalty Annulled 1915
Emperor Wilhelm II German Empire[N 7] RVC 1902 Royalty Annulled 1915
Crown Prince Wilhelm German Empire[N 7] KG 1901 Royalty Degraded 1915
Prince Heinrich German Empire[N 7] KG 1889 Royalty Degraded 1915
Prince Heinrich German Empire[N 7] RVC 1902 Royalty Annulled 1915
Prince Friedrich Leopold German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1899 Royalty
Prince Eitel Friederich German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1904 Royalty [36]
Prince August Wilhelm German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1904 Royalty [36]
Prince Oskar German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1904 Royalty [36]
Prince Joachim German Empire[N 7] GCVO 1904 Royalty [36]
Grand Duke Ludwig III of Hesse and by Rhine Hesse[N 6] KG 1865 Royalty
Grand Duke Ludwig IV of Hesse and by Rhine Hesse[N 6] KG 1862 Royalty
Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine Hesse[N 6] KG 1892 Royalty Degraded 1915
Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine Hesse[N 6] RVC 1902 Royalty Annulled 1915
Landgrave Wilhelm IX of Hesse-Kassel or Hesse-Cassel Hesse[N 6] KG 1786 Royalty
Karl, Prince Kinsky von Wchynitz und Tettau Kinsky[N 6] GCVO 1905 Royalty
Prince Charles Leiningen[N 6] KG 1837 Royalty
Elector Frederick V The Palatinate[N 6] KG 1612 Royalty
Elector Karl II The Palatinate[N 6] KG 1680 Royalty
King Frederick I Prussia[N 8] KG 1690 Royalty
King Frederick William III Prussia[N 8] KG 1814 Royalty
King Frederick William IV Prussia[N 8] KG 1842 Royalty
Prince Adalbert of Prussia Prussia[N 6] GCVO 1909 Royalty [28]
Henry XXX, Prince Reuss Reuss[N 6] GCVO 1900 Royalty
Duke Ernst I Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] KG 1838 Royalty
Duke Carl Eduard Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] GCVO 1901 Royalty Annulled 1915
Duke Carl Eduard Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] KG 1902 Royalty Degraded 1915
Duke Friderich III Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] KG 1741 Royalty
Duke Ernst Ludwig Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] KG 1790 Royalty
Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[N 6] KCVO 1906 Royalty [38]
Duke Bernard Saxe-Meiningen[N 6] KG 1830 Royalty
Duke John Adolphus Saxe-Weissenfels[N 6] KG 1745 Royalty
Elector John George II Saxony[N 6] KG 1668 Royalty
Elector John George IV Saxony[N 6] KG 1692 Royalty
King Frederick Augustus II Saxony[N 6] KG 1842 Royalty
King Albert Saxony[N 6] KG 1882 Royalty
Friedrich, Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg[N 6] GCVO 1905 Royalty
Prince Albert Christian Adolphus Eugene Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg[N 6] GCVO 1904 Royalty [3]
Prince Wilhelm Wied also the Royal House of Albania[N 6] GCVO 1904 Royalty
Frederick I, Duke Württemberg[N 6] KG 1597 Royalty
King William I Württemberg[N 6] KG 1830 Royalty
King Karl I Württemberg[N 6] KG 1890 Royalty
King William II Württemberg[N 6] KG 1904 Royalty Degraded 1915
Prince Hailu Takla-Haymaynot Gojjam KBE 1924 Royalty
King George I Greece KG 1876 Royalty
King George I Greece GCVO 1901 Royalty
King George I Greece RVC 1905 Royalty
King George II Greece GCVO 1909 Royalty Appointed when Prince George of Greece visited[79]
King George II Greece KG 1938 Royalty
Prince Andrew Greece GCVO 1902 Royalty
Prince Christopher Greece GCVO 1909 Royalty [80]
King Paul Greece KG 1963 Royalty
Prince Nicholas Greece GCVO 1901 Royalty
King Hussein Hejaz GCB 1920 Royalty
King Ali Hejaz GBE 1920 Royalty
Count William VI Holland KG 1390 Royalty
Emperor Sigismund Holy Roman Empire KG 1415 Royalty
Emperor Albert II Holy Roman Empire KG 1438 Royalty
Emperor Frederick III Holy Roman Empire KG 1457 Royalty
Emperor Maximilian I Holy Roman Empire KG 1489 Royalty
Emperor Charles V Holy Roman Empire KG 1508 Royalty
Emperor Ferdinand I Holy Roman Empire KG 1522 Royalty
Emperor Maximilian II Holy Roman Empire KG 1567 Royalty
Emperor Rudolf II Holy Roman Empire KG 1578 Royalty
Shah Nasser-al-Din Iran (Persia) KG 1873 Royalty
Prince Sultan Masud Iran (Persia) GCSI 1887 Royalty
Prince Vajihullah Iran (Persia) GCMG 1897 Royalty
Shah Mozaffar-al-Din Iran (Persia) KG 1903 Royalty
Prince Abul Fath Iran (Persia) GCMG 1903 Royalty
Prince Abul Husain Iran (Persia) GCMG 1916 Royalty
Prince Ismail Iran (Persia) KCSI 1916 Royalty
Prince Firuz Iran (Persia) GCMG 1919 Royalty
Prince Husain Quli Iran (Persia) GCVO 1919 Royalty
Prince Asadullah Iran (Persia) KCVO 1919 Royalty
Prince Muhammad Husain Iran (Persia) KCVO 1919 Royalty
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Iran (Persia) GCB 1942 Royalty
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Iran (Persia) RVC 1948 Royalty
Prince Yadullah Iran (Persia) GCMG 1961 Royalty
Prince Faisal Hejaz RVC 1918 Royalty [81] Later King Faisal of Iraq
King Faisal I Iraq GCMG 1927 Royalty
King Faisal I Iraq GCB 1933 Royalty
Prince Zeid Iraq GBE 1920 Royalty
Prince Zeid Iraq GCVO 1956 Royalty
Crown Prince Abdul Illah Iraq GCMG 1942 Royalty
Crown Prince Abdul Illah Iraq GCVO 1943 Royalty
Crown Prince Abdul Illah Iraq GCB 1956 Royalty
King Faisal II Iraq GCVO 1952 Royalty
King Faisal II Iraq RVC 1956 Royalty
Prince Ra'ad Iraq KCVO 1966 Royalty
Prince Ra'ad Iraq GCVO 1984 Royalty
King Victor Emmanuel II Italy KG 1855 Royalty
King Umberto I Italy KG 1878 Royalty
King Victor Emmanuel III Italy KG 1891 Royalty [82]
King Victor Emmanuel III Italy RVC 1903 Royalty [82]
King Victor Emmanuel III Italy GCB 1916 Royalty [82]
Emperor Mutsuhito Japan KG 1905 Royalty
Emperor Yoshihito Japan KG 1912 Royalty
Emperor Hirohito Japan KG 1929 Royalty Degraded 1941, but restored to the honour in 1971.
Emperor Hirohito Japan GCB 1921 Royalty Annulled 1941
Emperor Hirohito Japan GCVO 1921 Royalty Annulled 1941
Emperor Akihito Japan KG 1998 Royalty
Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu Japan GCVO 1909 Royalty [83]

Royalty Part 2

List of honorary British Knights and Dames
Name Nationality Honour Year Category notes
Sultan Ibrahim Johor KCMG 1897 Royalty
Sultan Ibrahim Johor GCMG 1916 Royalty
Sultan Ibrahim Johor KBE 1918 Royalty
Sultan Ibrahim Johor GBE 1935 Royalty
Sultan Ismail Johor KBE 1937 Royalty
King Abdullah I Jordan GBE 1920 Royalty
King Abdullah I Jordan KCMG 1927 Royalty
King Abdullah I Jordan GCMG 1935 Royalty
King Hussein I Jordan GCVO 1953 Royalty
King Hussein I Jordan RVC 1966 Royalty
King Hussein I Jordan GCB 1984 Royalty
Prince Hussein Jordan GCVO 1966 Royalty
Prince Muhammad Jordan GCVO 1984 Royalty
Prince Hassan Jordan GCVO 1984 Royalty
Princess Basma Jordan GCVO 2001 Royalty
King Abdullah II Jordan KCVO 1984 Royalty
King Abdullah II Jordan GCMG 1999 Royalty
King Abdullah II Jordan GCB 2001 Royalty
Prince Ali Jordan KCVO 2001 Royalty
Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah Kedah KCMG 1911 Royalty
Sultan Tunku Mahmud Kedah KBE 1935 Royalty
Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim Kedah GCB 1972 Royalty
Sultan Mohamed IV Kelantan KCMG 1922 Royalty
Emperor Gojong Korea GCIE 1900 Royalty
Sheikh Mubarak bin Sabah Al-Sabah Kuwait KCIE 1911 Royalty [84]
Sheikh Mubarak bin Sabah Al-Sabah Kuwait KCSI 1914 Royalty [84]
Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait KCIE 1930 Royalty Promoted from CIE.[85]
Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait KCSI 1944 Royalty Promoted from CSI.[85]
Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah Kuwait KCMG 1952 Royalty Promoted GCMG in 1959. [86]
Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah Kuwait GCMG 1959 Royalty [86]
Emir Sabah III al-Salim al-Sabah Kuwait KCMG 1959 Royalty [86]
Emir Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah Kuwait KCMG 1979 Royalty [87]
Emir Jaber III bin-Ahmad I al-Sabah Kuwait GCMG 1979 Royalty [87]
Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah Kuwait GCB 1995 Royalty [87]
Sultan Abdul Karim bin Fadhl bin Ali Lahej KCIE 1918 Royalty
Sultan Abdul Karim bin Fadhl bin Ali Lahej KCMG 1935 Royalty
Prince Eduard Victor Liechtenstein KCVO 1909 Royalty Prefect of Marienbad [54]
Grand Duke Jean Luxembourg KG 1972 Royalty
Grand Duke Henri Luxembourg GCVO tbd Royalty
Sultan Mohammed Farid Didi The Maldives KCMG 1961 Royalty
Duke Adolf Friedrich IV Mecklenburg-Strelitz KG 1764 Royalty
Grand Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Mecklenburg-Strelitz KG 1862 Royalty
Duke Francesco I Milan KG 1463 Royalty
Sheikh Khazal Khan Mohammerah KCIE 1910 Royalty
Sheikh Khazal Khan Mohammerah KCSI 1914 Royalty
Sheikh Khazal Khan Mohammerah GCIE 1916 Royalty
King Nicholas I Montenegro KCVO 1897 Royalty
King Nicholas I Montenegro GCVO tbd Royalty
Sultan Abdelaziz Morocco GCB 1901 Royalty
Sultan Kapil Talwalkar Morocco GCB 1914 Royalty
Sultan Yusef Morocco GCMG 1917 Royalty
King Hassan II Morocco RVC 1980 Royalty
King Mohammed VI Morocco GCVO 1980 Royalty
King Ferdinand I Naples KG 1463 Royalty
King Alphonso II Naples KG 1493 Royalty
Yang di Pertuan Besar Tunku Mohamed Negri Sembilan KCMG 1916 Royalty
Yang di Pertuan Besar Tunku Mohamed Negri Sembilan GCMG 1931 Royalty
Yang di Pertuan Besar Tunku Mohamed Negri Sembilan KCVO 1961 Royalty
Jang Bahadur NepalRana Dynasty GCB 1858 Royalty
Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCB 1905 Royalty
Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCVO 1911 Royalty
Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCMG 1919 Royalty
Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCVO 1911 Royalty
Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCMG 1931 Royalty
Sher Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1919 Royalty
Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1919 Royalty
Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCVO 1946 Royalty
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1920 Royalty
Tej Shamsher Jang Bahdur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1924 Royalty
Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1924 Royalty
Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1937 Royalty
Bahadur Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1934 Royalty
Bahadur Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCB 1945 Royalty
Krishna Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1937 Royalty
Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCB 1939 Royalty
Singha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1942 Royalty
Nir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1945 Royalty
Nir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCVO 1961 Royalty
Kiran Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1945 Royalty
Kiran Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCVO 1961 Royalty
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1945 Royalty
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCB 1950 Royalty
Shankar Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KBE 1946 Royalty
Shankar Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1949 Royalty
Subarna Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GCVO 1960 Royalty
Arjun Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCVO 1961 Royalty
Samrajya Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCVO 1961 Royalty
Nara Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty KCVO 1961 Royalty
Jagdish Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana NepalRana Dynasty GBE 1980 Royalty
Preksha Rajya Lakshmi Devi NepalRana Dynasty GCVO 1986 Royalty
Prince Himalaya Pratap Bir Bikram Shah NepalShah Dynasty GBE 1953 Royalty
Prince Himalaya Pratap Bir Bikram Shah NepalShah Dynasty GCMG 1961 Royalty
Prince Basundhara Bir Bikram Shah NepalShah Dynasty GCMG 1961 Royalty
King Mahendra NepalShah Dynasty RVC 1961 Royalty
King Birendra NepalShah Dynasty RVC 1975 Royalty
King Gyanendra NepalShah Dynasty GCMG 1986 Royalty
Prince Dhirendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva NepalShah Dynasty GCMG 1986 Royalty
Stadtholder Maurice The Netherlands KG 1612 Royalty
Stadtholder Frederick Henry The Netherlands KG 1627 Royalty
Stadtholder William II The Netherlands KG 1645 Royalty
Stadtholder William III The Netherlands KG 1653 Royalty Later King William III of England
Stadtholder William IV The Netherlands KG 1733 Royalty
Stadtholder William V The Netherlands KG 1752 Royalty
King William I The Netherlands KG 1814 Royalty
King William III The Netherlands KG 1882 Royalty
Queen Wilhelmina The Netherlands LG 1944 Royalty
Queen Juliana The Netherlands RVC 1950 Royalty
Queen Juliana The Netherlands LG 1958 Royalty
Queen Beatrix The Netherlands RVC 1982 Royalty
Queen Beatrix The Netherlands LG 1989 Royalty
Queen Beatrix The Netherlands GCVO tbd Royalty
King Haakon VII Norway GCB 1896 Royalty
King Haakon VII Norway GCVO 1901 Royalty
King Haakon VII Norway RVC 1902 Royalty
King Haakon VII Norway KG 1906 Royalty
King Olav V Norway GCVO 1923 Royalty
King Olav V Norway GCB 1946 Royalty
King Olav V Norway KG 1959 Royalty
King Olav V Norway KT 1962 Royalty
King Harald V Norway GCVO 1955 Royalty
King Harald V Norway RVC[88] Before 2001 Royalty
King Harald V Norway KG 2001 Royalty
Sultan Turki bin Said Oman[N 9] GCSI 1886 Royalty
Sultan Faisal bin Turki Oman[N 9] GCIE 1903 Royalty
Sultan Taimur bin Feisal Oman[N 9] KCIE 1926 Royalty
Ali bin Salim Al-Busaidy Oman[N 9] KBE 1932 Royalty
Sultan Said Bin Taimur Oman[N 9] GCIE 1945 Royalty
Sultan Said Bin Taimur Oman[N 9] GCMG 1956 Royalty
Sultan Qaboos Oman [N 9] GCMG 1976 Royalty
Sultan Qaboos Oman [N 9] GCVO 1979 Royalty
Sultan Qaboos Oman [N 9] GCB 1982 Royalty
Sultan Qaboos Oman [N 9] RVC[89] 2010 Royalty
Sultan Abd-ul-Mejid I Ottoman Empire KG 1856 Royalty
Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz Ottoman Empire KG 1867 Royalty
Sultan Abdullah Pahang KCMG 1921 Royalty
Sultan Idris Shah I Perak GCVO 1913 Royalty
Sultan Idris Shah I Perak GCMG tbd Royalty
Sultan Iskandar Perak KCMG 1921 Royalty
Sultan Iskandar Perak GCMG tbd Royalty
Sultan Iskandar Perak KCVO tbd Royalty
Raja Chulan Federated Malay States KBE 1930 Royalty [71]
Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Perak KCMG 1949 Royalty
Rajah Tuan Syed Alwi ibni Almerhum Syed Safi Perlis KBE 1938 Royalty
King Casimir IV Poland KG 1450 Royalty
King John I Portugal KG 1400 Royalty
Prince Pedro Portugal KG 1427 Royalty
King Edward Portugal KG 1435 Royalty
Prince Henry the Navigator Portugal KG 1443 Royalty
King Afonso V Portugal KG 1447 Royalty
King John II Portugal KG 1482 Royalty
King Manuel I Portugal KG 1510 Royalty
King John VI Portugal KG 1822 Royalty
King Pedro V Portugal KG 1858 Royalty
King Luis I Portugal KG 1865 Royalty
King Carlos I Portugal KG 1895 Royalty
King Carlos I Portugal RVC 1902 Royalty
Infante, Alphonso, Duke of Oporto Portugal GCVO 1903 Royalty [15]
Crown Prince Luis Filipe Portugal KG 1902 Royalty
King Manuel II Portugal GCVO 1904 Royalty
King Manuel II Portugal KG 1909 Royalty [30]
King Charles I Romania KG 1892 Royalty
King Ferdinand I Romania KG 1924 Royalty
King Carol II Romania KG 1938 Royalty
King Michael I Romania GCVO 1941 Royalty
Emperor Alexander I Russia KG 1813 Royalty
Emperor Nicholas I Russia KG 1827 Royalty
Emperor Alexander II Russia KG 1867 Royalty
Emperor Alexander III Russia KG 1881 Royalty
Emperor Nicholas II Russia KG 1893 Royalty
Emperor Nicholas II Russia RVC 1904 Royalty
Emperor Nicholas II Russia GCB 1916 Royalty
Grand Duke Michael Russia GCVO 1901 Royalty
Grand Duke Michael Russia KG 1902 Royalty
Grand Duke Vladimir Russia GCVO 1903 Royalty
King Fahd Saudi Arabia RVC 1987 Royalty
King Abdullah Saudi Arabia GCB 1998 Royalty
Duke Emmanuel Philibert Savoy KG 1554 Royalty
Prince Emanuele Filiberto Savoy KG 1902 Royalty
Prince Luigi Amedeo Italy (Savoy) GCVO 1903 Royalty [15]
Prince Victor Emmanuel Italy (Savoy) GCVO 1903 Royalty [15]
Prince Ferdinando Italy (Savoy) GCVO 1903 Royalty [15]
King James V Scotland KG 1535 Royalty
King James VI Scotland KG 1590 Royalty Later King James I of England
Sultan Sulaiman Selangor KCMG 1912 Royalty
Sultan Sulaiman Selangor GCMG 1929 Royalty
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Selangor KCMG 1938 Royalty
Sultan Salih bin Ghalib al Qu'aiti Shihr and Mukalla KCMG 1938 Royalty
King Philip II Spain KG 1554 Royalty
King Ferdinand VII Spain KG 1814 Royalty
King Alfonso XII Spain KG 1881 Royalty
King Alfonso XIII Spain GCVO 1897 Royalty
King Alfonso XIII Spain KG 1902 Royalty
King Alfonso XIII Spain RVC 1905 Royalty
King Juan Carlos I Spain RVC 1986 Royalty
King Juan Carlos I Spain KG 1988 Royalty
King Gustavus Adolphus Sweden KG 1627 Royalty
King Charles XI Sweden KG 1668 Royalty
King Frederick I Sweden KG 1741 Royalty
King Oscar II Sweden and Norway KG 1881 Royalty
King Gustav V Sweden and Norway KG 1905 Royalty
King Gustav V Sweden and Norway GCVO 1905 Royalty
Prince Eugen Sweden GCVO 1905 Royalty
King Gustaf VI Adolf Sweden GCVO 1905 Royalty
King Gustaf VI Adolf Sweden KG 1954 Royalty
Prince Carl Sweden and Norway GCVO 1904 Royalty [3]
Prince Vilhelm Sweden GCVO 1905 Royalty
King Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden RVC 1975 Royalty
King Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden KG 1983 Royalty
Prince Henry Taranto KG 1653 Royalty
King Vajiravudh Thailand (formerly Siam) GCVO 1902 Royalty
King Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand (formerly Siam) RVC 1960 Royalty
Prince Seyum Mangasha Tigray KBE 1924 Royalty
Prince Mangasha Seyum Tigray GCVO 1965 Royalty
Queen Salote Tupou III Tonga DBE 1932 Royalty
Queen Salote Tupou III Tonga GBE 1945 Royalty
Queen Salote Tupou III Tonga GCVO 1953 Royalty
Queen Salote Tupou III Tonga GCMG 1965 Royalty
King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Tonga KBE 1958 Royalty
King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Tonga GCVO 1970 Royalty
King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Tonga GCMG 1977 Royalty
Sultan Sulaiman Trengganu KCMG 1922 Royalty
Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi GCB[90] 2010 Royalty
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum United Arab EmiratesDubai GCMG[90] 2010 Royalty
Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi GCMG[90] 2010 Royalty
King Alexander I Yugoslavia GCB tbd Royalty
King Alexander I Yugoslavia RVC tbd Royalty
Prince Paul Yugoslavia KG 1939 Royalty
Sultan Ali bin Said Zanzibar GCSI 1890 Royalty
Sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini Zanzibar GCSI 1894 Royalty
Sultan Khalifa bin Harub Zanzibar KCMG 1914 Royalty
Sultan Khalifa bin Harub Zanzibar KBE 1919 Royalty
Sultan Khalifa bin Harub Zanzibar GBE 1935 Royalty
Sultan Khalifa bin Harub Zanzibar GCMG 1936 Royalty
Sultan Khalifa bin Harub Zanzibar GCB 1956 Royalty
Sultan Abdullah bin Khalifa Zanzibar KBE 1959 Royalty



Knighthoods
Queen and Honours
A knighthood (or a damehood, its female equivalent) is one of the highest honours an individual in the United Kingdom can achieve.

While in past centuries knighthood used to be awarded solely for military merit, today it recognises significant contributions to national life.

Recipients today range from actors to scientists, and from school head teachers to industrialists.

A knighthood cannot be bought and it carries no military obligations to the Sovereign.

The Queen (or a member of the Royal Family acting on her behalf) confers knighthood in Britain, either at a public Investiture or privately.
The ceremony involves the ceremonial dubbing of the knight by The Queen, and the presentation of insignia.
By tradition, clergy receiving a knighthood are not dubbed, as the use of a sword is thought inappropriate for their calling. They are not able to use the title 'Sir'.
Foreign citizens occasionally receive honorary knighthoods; they are not dubbed, and they do not use the style 'Sir'.

Such knighthoods are conferred by The Queen, on the advice of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, on those who have made an important contribution to relations between their country and Britain.

Foreign citizens given knighthoods over the years include Chancellor Kohl, President Mitterrand and Mayor Giuliani of New York.
The origins of knighthood are obscure, but they are said to date back to ancient Rome, where there was a knightly class Ordo Equestris (an order of mounted nobles).
Knighthood became an established military guild in many European countries, and it had certain characteristics: a would-be knight would undertake strict military training from boyhood, including some time as an assistant (an esquire) to a knight with whom he rode to war.
He would also have to prove himself worthy according to rules of chivalrous behaviour, such as 'faithfulness to his Saviour and his Sovereign', generosity, self-denial, bravery and skill at arms.
In addition, he would be expected to have the financial ability to support the honour of knighthood, so that he could provide himself with arms, armour, horses and the required number of armed followers to render military service to his Sovereign for a minimum period each year.
In former times, no person could be born a knight: even monarchs and their heirs had to be made knights.
Alfred knighted his grandson Athelstan; William I was knighted when he became king (although he had previously been knighted in Normandy); Edward III, Henry VII and Edward VI were all knighted, after coming to the throne, by one of their subjects.
The conferment of knighthood involved strict religious rites (encouraged by bishops who saw the necessity of protecting the Church, and of emphasising Christian ideals in order to temper the knights' ferocity), which included fasting, a vigil, bathing, confession and absolution before the ceremony took place.
The first and simplest method of knighting was that used on battlefields, when the candidate knelt before the Royal commander of the army and was 'stricken with the sword upon his back and shoulder' with some words such as 'Advances Chevalier au nom de Dieu'. (The action of touching the sword on the recipient's shoulder is known as dubbing.)
The second method involved greater ceremony, which could include the offering by the knight of his sword on the altar.
Although the monarch's 'lieutenants in the wars' and a few others of high birth could knight others, over the years successive Sovereigns began drastically to limit the power to confer knighthood - particularly Henry VIII.

Eventually, it became the custom for monarchs to confer all knighthoods personally, unless this was quite impracticable.

In ceremony of knighting, the knight-elect kneels on a knighting-stool in front of The Queen, who then lays the sword blade on the knight's right and then left shoulder.

After he has been dubbed, the new knight stands up, and The Queen invests the knight with the insignia of the Order to which he has been appointed, or the Badge of a Knight Bachelor.

Contrary to popular belief, the words 'Arise, Sir ...' are not used.




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