The Jesuit New World Order

Thursday, 10 May 2012


Chronology of Jesuit History

YearMonth/DayHistorical event
1507 10/23 The death of Ignatius' father.
1549 10/10 St. Ignatius established the province of India and named as its first provincial St. Francis Xavier.
1521 05/08 The birth in what is now Nymingen, Netherlands, of Peter Canisius, who decided on his birthday 23 years later that he would enter the Society of Jesus.
1521 05/20 Ignatius was seriously wounded at Pamplona, Spain, while defending its fortress against the French.
1521 06/24 Ignatius received the last sacraments in the castle of Loyola because he was close to death from the wounds he suffered at Pamplona.
1521 06/28 Ignatius miraculously began to recover from his wounds on the eve of the feast of St. Peter.
1522 03/24 At Montserrat on the Vigil of the Annunciation, Ignatius spent the night in prayerful vigil. He had arrived dressed in expensive clothes in the fashion and style of soldiers, but gave those garments to a poor man and donned a simple pilgrim's robe.
1523 03/29 Ignatius' first visit to Rome on his way from Manresa to Palestine.
1523 07/14 Ignatius departed from Venice on his pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
1523 09/04 After several months of sailing and a week of waiting in the harbor at Joppa to disembark, Ignatius finally entered the city of Jerusalem as a pilgrim.
1526 11/19 St. Ignatius was examined by the Inquisition in Alcala, Spain. They were concerned with the novelty of his way of life and his teaching.
1527 04/18 Ignatius was imprisoned for the first time, in Alcala, Spain, where he was studying and conversing with people on spiritual topics.
1527 06/01 Ignatius was thrown into prison after having been accused of having advised two noblewomen to undertake a pilgrimage, on foot, to Compostella.
1528 02/07 Ignatius arrived in Paris to begin his studies anew after his frustration at Alcalá and Salamanca.
1533 03/13 At Paris, in the College of Ste. Barbe, Ignatius completed his course of philosophy.
1534 08/15 Ignatius and six companions – Pierre Faber, Francis Xavier, Diego Laynez, Simão Rodriguez, Alonso Salmerón, Nicolás Bobadilla – took their first vows at a Mass celebrated by Faber at Montmartre in Paris.
1534 09/19 During this period St. Ignatius gave the Spiritual Exercises to St. Francis Xavier when both were students at the University of Paris.
1535 03/14 At Paris Ignatius received the Master of Arts degree with the right to be called "Master Ignatius" as he was thenceforth regularly addressed inside and outside the Society.
1535 07/22 In Paris the first Mass of Blessed Peter Faber.
1536 10/14 In Paris St. Ignatius received his diploma, at age 44, as Master of Arts and Sacred Theology.
1537 05/07 St. Francis Borgia was converted from the vanities of the world by the sight of Empress Isabella’s corpse.
1537 06/10 Ignatius and his companions received minor orders at the house of Bishop Vincenzo Negusanti in Venice, Italy.
1537 06/24 Ignatius, Francis Xavier and five of the companions were ordained priests in Venice, Italy.
1537 10/13 At Venice the Papal Nuncio published his written verdict declaring that St. Ignatius was innocent of all charges which had been leveled against him by his detractors.
1538 11/18 Pope Paul III caused the Governor of Rome to publish the verdict proclaiming the complete innocence of St. Ignatius and his companions of all heresy.
1539 09/03 At his summer residence in Tivoli, outside of Rome, Paul III gave his initial, oral approval of the Society of Jesus when St. Ignatius sent him the “Five Chapters” which described the proposed new religious order.
1540 01/25 The birth of St. Edmund Campion.
1540 06/30 St. Francis Xavier arrived at Lisbon on his way to India.
1540 09/18 At Rome, Pedro Ribadeneira, aged fourteen, was admitted into the Society by St. Ignatius (nine days before it received official papal confirmation).
1540 09/27 At the Palazzo San Marco in Rome, Pope Paul III signed the Bull “Regimini militantis ecclesiae,” establishing the Society of Jesus as a religious order.
1541 04/07 On his 35th birthday, St. Francis Xavier embarked from the quay of the Tagus River known as the Place of Tears to go to India with two other Jesuits. The voyage took them 13 months.
1541 04/19 On the advice of his confessor, Fra Teodosio da Lodi, a Franciscan, Ignatius accepted the second election which had selected him to be the first superior general of the Society of Jesus.
1541 07/08 Pope Paul III assigned the church of Our Lady of the Way to the Society of Jesus. It was a small church but St. Ignatius highly esteemed its location in the heart of Rome.
1541 08/29 At Rome the death of John Codure, a Savoyard, one of the first 10 companions of St. Ignatius.
1542 05/06 St. Francis Xavier reached Goa, India, after more than a year’s journey.
1544 09/01 At Rome, St. Ignatius and his companions took possession of the house of St. Maria della Strada, the first professed house of the Society.
1544 12/16 St. Francis Xavier entered Cochin.
1545 03/30 At Meliapore, Francis Xavier came on pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Thomas the Apostle.
1545 11/23 Jeronimo de Nadal, whom St. Ignatius had known as a student at Paris, entered the Society. Later Nadal was instrumental in getting Ignatius to narrate his autobiography.
1545 12/13 The opening of the Council of Trent to which Jesuits James Laynez and Alphonsus Salmerón were sent as papal theologians and Claude LeJay as theologian of Cardinal Otho Truchses.
1545 12/25 Isabel Roser pronounced her vows as Jesuit together with Lucrezia di Brandine and Francisca Cruyllas in the presence of Ignatius at the church of St. Maria della Strada in Rome.
1546 02/05 At Rome, the death of Pierre Fabre, one of the first companions.
1546 05/19 Pope Paul III sent Diego Laynez and Alfonso Salmeron as his theologians to the Council of Trent.
1546 06/05 Paul III, in his Brief Exponi Nobis, empowered the Society to admit coadjutors, both spiritual and temporal.
1546 10/01 Isabel Roser was released by St. Ignatius from her Jesuit vows after eight months.
1546 10/26 The province of Portugal was established as the first province in the Society, with Simão Rodrigues as the first provincial.
1547 03/04 Ignatius wrote a letter to Jesuits in Spain on religious perfection
1547 05/20 Pope Paul III acceded to the request that the Society of Jesus not have women as members nor have a parallel women’s order.
1548 01/05 The birth at Granada of Francis Suarez, one of the greatest theologians of the church.
1548 03/18 The arrival of the first Jesuits missioned to Africa by Simon Rodrigues, provincial of Portugal, at the request of the King of Kongo supported by the King of Portugal. They landed at Pinda on March 18, 1548, and made their way two days later to Mbanza Kongo, the capital of the kingdom of Kongo. They were three priests--Jorge Vaz, Cristovao Ribeiro, Jacome Dias-- and a scholastic, Diogo do Soveral.
1548 03/31 Anthony Corduba, rector of the College of Salamanca, begged Ignatius to admit him into the Society so as to escape the cardinalate which Charles V intended to procure for him.
1548 04/08 St. Peter Canisius was sent to Messina to teach rhetoric.
1548 04/16 At Naples the death of William Elphinston, a scholastic novice and scion of the royal house of Scotland, his mother being a Stuart.
1548 07/31 At the behest of St. Francis Borgia, Pope Paul III issued the Brief, "Pastoralis officii" approving the book of the Spiritual Exercises.
1548 10/08 St. Ignatius returned to Rome from Tivoli where he had spent several days diplomatically resolving a conflict between that city and Castel Madama.
1548 12/10 The General of the Dominicans wrote in defense of the Society of Jesus on seeing it attacked in Spain by Melchior Cano and others.
1549 11/10 At Rome the death of Paul III, to whom the Society owes its first constitution as a religious order.
1549 12/23 St. Francis Xavier was appointed provincial of the newly-erected Indian Province.
1550 07/21 Through his Bull, “Exposcit debitum” Pope Julius III again confirmed the Insitute of the Society.
1551 01/15 St. Francis Borgia wrote to the Emperor Charles V announcing his intention to enter the Society of Jesus and asking leave to resign his dukedom in favor of his eldest son, the Marquis de Lombay.
1551 01/30 St. Ignatius wrote a letter offering to resign as superior general because of ill health.
1551 02/18 The opening in the Piazza Ara Coeli of the first school of the Society of Jesus in Rome, which soon developed into the Roman College, later to be called the Gregorian University.
1551 12/31 St. Francis Xavier left Sancian for Malacca and Goa to prepare for his journey to China.
1552 01/13 At Rome, teachers jealous of the success of the first school opened by Jesuits, invaded the premises and abused the Jesuits teaching there.
1552 10/22 Confirmation by Pope Julius III of the "Privileges" of the Society.
1552 12/02 On the island of Sancian off the coast of China, St. Francis Xavier died.
1553 02/17 Seventy-seven days after St. Francis Xavier's death, his tomb was opened and his body found perfectly incorrupt.
1553 03/26 Ignatius sent his letter on obedience to the Jesuits of Portugal.
1553 06/09 Manuel da Nobrega was named provincial of the Jesuits in Brazil. He was involved in the foundations of the cities of Salvador, Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro.
1553 07/09 St. Ignatius created the Province of Brazil and named Fr. Manuel de Nóbrega as first superior of its 30 Jesuits.
1555 11/13 St. Ignatius made St. Francis Borgia Commissioner General of all the provinces in the Iberian Peninsula and of the Indies subject to Spain and Portugal.
1556 06/07 Peter Canisius became the first provincial of the newly constituted Province of Upper Germany.
1556 07/11 Ignatius, gravely ill, handed over the daily governance of the Society to Juan de Polanco and Cristóbal de Madrid.
1556 07/30 As he lay near to death, Ignatius asked Juan de Polanco to go and obtain for him the pope’s blessings and indulgence.
1556 08/09 After the death of St. Ignatius, Diego Laynez was empowered to govern the Society as vicar until the election of another superior general.
1556 08/30 On the banks of the St. Lawrence River, Leonard Garreau, a young Jesusit missionary, was mortally wounded by the Iroquois.
1557 02/13 Andrew Oviedo, recently consecrated bishop and patriarch of Ethiopia, set sail from Goa for his new see.
1557 06/13 The death of King John III of Portugal, at whose request Xavier and others were sent to India.
1558 03/08 Nicholas Gaudan, disguised as a peddler, entered Scotland as papal nuncio to strengthen Mary Queen of Scots in her allegiance to the faith.
1558 06/03 Francisco de Toledo entered the Society; he was later the first Jesuit to become a Cardinal.
1558 06/19 The opening of the First General Congregation, nearly two years after the death of Ignatius. It was summoned by Father Laynez, the vicar general.
1558 07/02 The election of Diego Laynez as superior general in the First General Congregation. He had been vicar general since the death of Ignatius in 1556.
1558 08/11 In the First General Congregation, after a discussion on the simple vows, it was declared that "nothing should be changed."
1558 09/10 The First General Congregation concluded after it had elected Diego Laínez to succeed St. Ignatius as superior general.
1558 09/29 Jesuits began to keep choir in obedience to an order from Paul IV, later rescinded by his successor.
1559 06/03 A villa at Frascati, outside Rome, was purchased for the fathers and brothers of the Roman College.
1560 07/15 The martyrdom of Ignacio Azevedo along with 39 companions near Palma, one of the Canary Isles. En route to Brazil as missionaries, they were captured by Calvinist corsairs.
1563 03/25 The first Sodality of Our Lady, Prima Primaria, was begun in the Roman College by a young Belgian Jesuit named John Leunis (Leonius).
1563 12/03 At the Council of Trent, the Institute of the Society was approved.
1564 02/22 At Paris, against much opposition a Jesuit school was opened. As Collège Louis-le-Grand, it became one of the greatest schools in the history of the Society.
1564 05/02 Pope Pius V yield to Father General Laynez' request and approved that the Society should have no Cardinal Protector, but be under the pope's immediate protection.
1564 06/05 The death in Lima of Francis Lopez, who had resigned the high office of Visitor General of the Kingdom of Peru to become a brother in the Society.
1564 12/30 Letter from Pope Pius IV to Daniel, Archbishop of Mayence, deploring the malicious and scurrilous pamphlets published against the Society throughout Germany and desiring him to use his influence against the evil.
1565 01/19 The death at Rome of Father General James Lainez, the second superior general of the Society and the pope's theologian at the Council of Trent.
1565 06/21 The Second General Congregation convened, representing 3,500 members in 18 provinces. The congregation elected Francis Borgia superior general and approved 120 decrees before its closure on Sept. 3.
1565 09/20 Under the leadership of Father General Francis Borgia, Sant’Andrea in Quirinale in Rome opened as the first novitiate separate from a colleges or professed house.
1566 01/07 Cardinal Ghislieri was elected pope as Pius V. He was a great friend of St. Francis Borgia and appointed Salmeron and Toletus as apostolic preachers at the Vatican. He imposed the office of choir on the Society.
1566 09/28 The death of Pedro Martinez, the first Jesuit to enter the continental United States. He was killed by natives on the island of Tatacuran, Florida.
1567 10/25 St. Stanislaus Kostka arrived in Rome and was admitted into the Society by St. Francis Borgia.
1567 12/24 Barely 35 years after the Society was founded, the first Jesuits to enter what is now Colombia disembarked at Cartagena on their way to Peru, sent by St. Francis Borgia at the request of King Philip II.
1568 03/09 St. Aloysius Gonzaga was born at Castiglione, Italy, in his father's castle.
1568 04/02 At Rome, the entrance of Blessed Rodolf Acquaviva, aged 17, into the novitiate of San Andrea, where St. Stanislaus was then a novice.
1568 04/29 St. Pius V, by his Brief "Innumerabiles fructus," confirms the Constitutions of Paul II and Julius III regarding the government of colleges, the appointment of rectors by the General, etc.
1568 07/28 In a letter to Christopher Rodriguez, St. Teresa of Avila, speaking of the Society, wrote, “The men of the Society of Jesus are my Fathers, to whom after God my soul owes everything good that it might have.”
1569 08/01 Edmund Campion, convinced of the errors of the new religion, abandoned the University of Oxford and all his brilliant prospects.
1571 02/03 In Florida, the martyrdom of Luis Quiros and two novices, Juan Mendez and Gabriel Solis.
1571 02/25 Francis Borgia is sent by Pius V with Cardinal Alessandrino into Spain and France to try to induce the sovereigns to form a league against the Turks.
1571 03/20 Francis Borgia, seeing little or no fruit from the labors of the Jesuits in Florida, ordered them to withdraw from those missions.
1571 09/13 Ven. Peter Dias and 11 companions, killed by pirates near the Canary Islands en route to Brazil.
1572 05/13 Gregory XIII was elected pope; to him the Society owes the foundation of the Roman and German Colleges.
1572 05/17 Pope Gregory XIII exempted the Society from choir and approved simple vows after two years of novitiate and ordination before solemn profession. In these matters he reversed a decree of St. Pius V.
1572 06/15 Father General Francis Borgia established the Province of Mexico.
1572 07/13 The first band of Jesuit missionaries entered Mexico.
1572 09/28 A group of 14 Jesuits sent by Father General Francis Borgia under the leadership of Father Pedro Sánchez arrived in Mexico City, Mexico to establish the Society's presence.
1572 09/30 The death of St. Francis Borgia, the Duke of Gandia and viceroy of Catalonia before becoming a Jesuit. He became the third superior general of the Society and oversaw the establishment of many schools and the expansion of missionary work.
1573 04/12 At Rome, the opening of the third general congregation during which Everard Mercurian was elected superior general.
1573 06/16 The Third General Congregation elected Everard Mercurian, a Belgian, as superior general; Pope Grevory XIII had expressed a wish that the general should not be a Spaniard.
1573 08/06 Pope Gregory XIII published his Bull "Postquam Deo placuit," which founded the German College.
1573 09/07 The death of Princess Juana, Regent of Spain, the emperor's daughter. She died as a Jesuit scholastic, having taken vows secretly under a special dispensation.
1574 01/09 The death at Naples of Jasper Haywood, superior of the English mission. As a boy he was one of the pages of honor to the Princess Elizabeth. After a brilliant career at Oxford, he renounced his fellowship and entered the Society in Rome in 1570. An able Hebrew scholar and theologian, he was for two years professor in the Roman College.
1576 07/16 Pope Gregory XIII, by his Constitution “Quaecumque sacrarum religionum”, exempetd members of the Society from attendance at public processions.
1577 12/21 At Rome, Juan de Polanco died, secretary to the Society and a dear friend of St. Ignatius.
1578 02/03 The death of Thomas Nelson, martyred at Tyburn by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
1578 03/24 At Lisbon Rodolf Acquaviva and 13 companions embarked for India. Among the companions were Matthew Ricci and Michael Ruggieri.
1578 06/25 The death in Clare, Ireland, of David Wolfe, pioneer Jesuit of the Irish mission, after five years imprisonment.
1578 10/17 Robert Bellarmine entered the Jesuit novitiate of Sant' Andrea in Rome at the age of 16.
1579 04/23 At Rome, the appointment of Alphonsus Agazzari, the first Jesuit rector of the English College which had been founded by Pope Gregory XIII.
1579 07/14 At Lisbon, the death of Simão Rodrigues, one of the first companions.
1579 07/15 The death in Lisbon of Simón Rodríguez, one of the first companions of Ignatius who assigned him to be companion of Francis Xavier to the Indies but had to yield to the request of King John III of Portugal who wanted to keep Rodríguez in that country.
1579 07/25 The arrival in Japan of Alexander Valignano, who came to visit the 59 Jesuit missionaries working there in uncertain circumstances due to the constant changes in power between those who favored and those who opposed the work of the Society.
1579 11/17 Blessed Rudolph Acquaviva and two other Jesuits set out from Goa for Surat and Fattiphur, the Court of Akbar, the Great Mogul.
1580 07/03 Queen Elizabeth I issued a statute forbidding Jesuits all entrance into England.
1581 01/10 Queen Elizabeth signed the fifth Penal Statute in England inflicting heavy fines and imprisonment on all who harbored Jesuits and Seminary priests.
1581 04/22 At the close of the fourth general congregation, Pope Gregory XIII received the new general, Claude Acquaviva, and promised to provide a foundation fund for the Roman College.
1581 07/17 St. Edmund Campion was arrested in England.
1581 07/19 The birth of Giuseppe Castiglione, a Jesuit brother and a skilled Italian painter who at age 27 set sail for China where he undertook the role of the official painter to this distant court with the positive conviction that art was above all a means of carrying out his evangelical mission.
1581 08/08 Anthony Possevino was received with extraordinary honors by Basilowicz, the Czar of Russia.
1581 12/01 At Tyburn in London, St. Edmund Campion and Alexander Briant were martyred.
1582 01/11 At Rome, Cardinal Buoncompagni laid the foundation stone of the new building that would become the Roman College.
1582 02/20 Three Japanese princes sailed from Japan for Rome to pay homage to Pope Gregory XIII. Father Valignani, who arranged the embassy, accompanied them as far as Goa.
1582 05/30 At Tyburn, the martyrdom of Thomas Cottam with three other priests.
1582 10/05 The Gregorian Calendar went into effect. Christopher Clavius SJ helped create this modification that suppressed the days between October 5 and 15 in order to bring the calendar into line with astronomical facts. Countries which did not like the pope liked his calendar even less, so it was not until the 20th century that all countries adopted it as their civil calendar.
1582 10/15 St. Teresa of Avila died on this day, the first of the new Gregorian calendar. She always wished to have a Jesuit as her confessor.
1583 07/25 The martyrdom near Goa, India, of Rudolph Aquaviva, Pater Berno, Francio Aranha, Alphonsus Pacheco and Anthony Francisco.
1584 11/25 The Church of the Gesu, built in Rome for the Society by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, was solemnly consecrated.
1584 12/05 By his bull Omnipotentis Dei, Pope Gregory XIII gave the title of Primaria to Our Lady's Sodality established in the Roman College in 1564, and empowered it to aggregate other similar sodalities.
1585 02/13 At Naples, the death of Alfonso Salmeron, one of the first companions.
1585 02/27 Father General Acquaviva wrote a severe letter forbidding members of the Society to meddle with politics after the Jesuit, Claude Mathieu, and the League (Ste. Union de France) sought to hinder King Henry of Navarre, a Protestant, from succeeding to the throne.
1585 03/22 In Rome, the three Japanese ambassadors were received by Father General with great solemnity in the Society's Church of the Gesu.
1586 04/20 The first Ratio Studiorum was issued under Father General Claude Aquaviva.
1587 03/27 The death at Messina of Thomas Evans, a Jesuit who had suffered imprisonment for his defense of the Catholic faith in England. He was 28 at the time of his death.
1588 10/03 The death of Pompeio Capuano, an Italian novice from an illustrious family. When he asked his father's leave to enter the Society, his father shut him up in a dark room and treated him like a madman.
1589 03/02 At Rome, the death of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, great benefactor of the Society, and founder/builder of the Gesù.
1590 03/03 At Castiglione, his native place, St. Aloysius preached to the people with such fervor that crowds flocked to the confessionals.
1590 09/23 The death of Nicolás Bobadilla, the last survivor of the original companions who founded the Society of Jesus.
1593 12/19 At Rome St. Robert Bellarmine was appointed rector of the Roman College.
1594 10/16 Students of the English College in Rome broke into a sort of rebellion against the Jesuits in charge there.
1594 12/18 At Florence the apparition of St. Ignatius to St. Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi.
1595 04/30 The death of Abraham George, the first of eight Jesuit martyrs in Ethiopia.
1597 07/27 The death at Cracow of James Vujek, Polish jesuit appointed by King Stephen tutor to Prince Sigismund. Vujek translated the Bible into Polish.
1597 10/04 John Gerard managed a marvelous escape from the Tower of London.
1598 01/01 The death of Alphonsus Barréna, surnamed the Apostle of Peru; he was the first to carry the faith to the Guaranis and Chiquitos in Paraguay.
1600 02/06 At Nanking, Matteo Ricci, after being expelled from this city, returned and opened a seminary.
1600 05/28 Matteo Ricci, undismayed by the failure of his first visit to Peking, set out again from Nanking with many rich presents for the Emperor, of which he was robbed on the way.
1601 01/08 The birth of Balthasar Gracian, a Spanish Jesuit who wrote on courtly matters. He is the author of "The Compleat Gentleman" and "The Art of Worldly Wisdom."
1602 03/21 The second Disputatio de Auxiliis before Pope Clement VIII took place between Gregory de Valentia SJ, and Thomas de Lemos OP.
1603 03/06 Father General Acquaviva wrote a letter to all Jesuits saying that he and Robert Bellarmine had left nothing undone to prevent the latter's promotion to the cardinalate.
1603 04/25 Gregory de Valentia, A Spanish Jesuit, died at Naples. A renowned theologian, Pope Clement VIII honored him with the title "Doctor of Doctors."
1604 10/18 The foundation in Bogotá, Colombia of Colegio Santa Fe; it is the oldest university in Colombia and the third oldest in the Americas, following those in Mexico and Lima.
1606 01/20 The death at Macao of Alexander Valignano, superior of all the Jesuit missions in the Far East for 33 years and architect of the missionary policies there.
1606 03/28 At the Guildhall, London, the trial of Henry Garnet, falsely accused of complicity in the Gunpowder Plot.
1606 05/03 The martyrdom at St. Paul’s Churchyard, London, of Henry Garnet, superior of the Jesuits in England, falsely charged in the Gunpowder Plot.
1608 06/23 The martyrdom in London, England, of Thomas Garnet.
1609 07/27 Paul V beatified Ignatius.
1610 05/11 The death in Peking (Beijing) of Mateo Ricci, the Italian Jesuit mathematician and founder of the modern missions in China, the first to introduce the Christian faith there.
1610 10/27 The first entrance of the Jesuits into Canada.
1611 02/26 At Ferrara the death of Anthony Possevino, an Italian employed by Gregory XIII for embassies to Sweden, Russia, Poland and Germany. He founded colleges and seminaries in Cracow, Olmutz, Prague, Braunsberg and Vilna. He also wrote 24 books.
1611 06/22 The first Jesuits arrived in Canada, sent by Father General Claudio Aquaviva, at the request of King Henry IV of France.
1611 07/02 Death of St. Bernardino Realino, parish priest in Italy for many years.
1611 09/22 The death of Peter Ribadeneira, aged 85, who had been admitted by St. Ignatius into the Society at the age of fourteen. He became an eloquent preacher, a great missioner, and a gifted writer.
1614 11/03 The vessel which was bringing the right arm of Xavier to Rome miraculously escaped capture by Dutch pirates.
1614 11/06 The death in Nagasaki, Japan, of Servant of God James de Mesquita who died before being exiled from that country where he had been a missionary.
1615 01/31 The death of Father General Claudio Acquaviva, the fifth superior general of the Society, who governed for 34 years, the longest term of office of any Jesuit general.
1615 03/05 At Belmont, England, Thomas Pond died. He was among the first to introduce Jesuit missioners into England.
1615 06/27 The Holy See gave permission to the Jesuits of China to celebrate Mass with heads covered, to translate the Bible into Chinese and to administer the sacraments in that same language.
1616 02/21 Alphonsus Rodriguez, 90, master of novices for 40 years and author of a famous text on religious life "The Practice of Religious Perfection" died at Seville.
1617 09/25 The death in Lisbon of Father Francisco Suárez, one of the foremostphilosophers and theologians of the Society of Jesus.
1617 10/31 The death in Mallorca, of St. Alphonsus Rodríguez, a Jesuit brother famous for faithful service as porter of the college.
1618 10/12 The death in Bavaria of Servant of God, James Rem, who cared for boarding students in Ingolstadt and developed the Sodality there.
1618 12/06 In Naples, the Jesuits were blamed for proposing to the Viceroy that a solemn feast should be held in honor of the Immaculate Conception, and a public pledge be taken to defend that doctrine. This was regarded as a novelty not to be encouraged.
1619 01/02 At Rome, St. John Berchmans and Bartholomew Penneman, his companion scholastic from Belgium, entered the Roman College.
1619 01/04 The English mission is raised to the status of a province.
1622 03/12 At Rome, the canonization of Ignatius and Francis Xavier by Pope Gregory XV.
1622 09/15 In Quito, in the college seminary of St. Louis, the Jesuits founded the University of Gregory the Great.
1624 02/22 The martyrdom at Sendai, Japan, of James Carvalho, who ministered to miners in the northern islands of Japan until the local ruler turned against the Christians and killed Carvalho by exposing him in the frigid waters of a river.
1626 05/07 The death of John Baptist de Baeza, who is said to have baptized over 75,000 adults in Goa, Macao, mozambique and Japan within three years.
1626 06/20 The martyrdom at Nagasaki, Japan, of Blesseds Francis Pacheco, John Baptist Zola, Vincent Caun, Balthasar de Torres, Michael Tozo, Gaspar Sadamatzu, John Kinsaco, Paul Xinsuki, and Peter Rinscei.
1628 11/15 The martyrdom in Uruguay of St. Roch González, one of the main architects of the Jesuit missions on the River Plate in Paraguay, and St. Alphonsus Rodríguez.
1629 11/28 The martyrdom in Nagasaki, Japan, of Blessed Leonardo Kimura, who was burned to death.
1631 12/15 At Naples, during an earthquake and eruption of Mount Vesuvius, the Jesuits worked to help all classes of people.
1632 04/11 At Lima, Peru, Ruiz de Montaya died. A Portuguese, he was called the Apostle of Paraguay because of the thousands of people he converted.
1632 10/29 At Alost, Belgium, a scholastic, William Assliers, seeing one Jesuit dying and another about to leave the Society, prayed that he might sooner die than lose his vocation. He died within a few days.
1633 08/28 The martyrdom in Japan of the Italian Jesuit, Jácome Antonio Granoni.
1634 03/25 Arrival in Maryland of Andrew White and companions, founder of the mission.
1636 10/02 St. Isaac Jogues first set foot on the shores of the New World after two stormy months on the ocean.
1637 12/26 Cardinal Richelieu, the French Prime Minister, banished the Jesuit Nicolás Caussin, confessor of Louis XIII, who had incurred the wrath of the omnipotent minister for giving the king scruples about the cruel treatment and isolation of the queen mother, his treatment of his wife, and excessive taxation.
1640 01/22 The death in Lima, Perú of Juan Almeida, a Brasilian Jesuit with the gift of prophecy who was an apostle to the native people.
1642 11/30 The birth at Trent of Brother Andrea Pozzo, who was called to Rome in 1681 to paint the flat ceiling of the church of San Ignazio so that it would look as though there were a dome above. There had been a plan for a dome but there was not money to build it.
1643 05/12 The death in Canada of Enemundo Massé, the first apostle to preach the Good News in that territory subsequently known as New France.
1645 02/01 The death of Henry Morse, known as the "Priest of the Plague" because of his care for the plague-stricken. He was martyred at Tyburn, England, by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
1645 08/03 The death of Ven. Brian Cansfield, missionary to England for 25 years. He was arrested while celebrating Mass, and suffered such a beating in prison that he died a few days after he was released.
1646 11/09 In England, Edmund Neville died after nine months imprisonment and ill-treatment. An heir to large estates in Westmoreland, the Jesuit was educated in the English College and spent 40 years working in England.
1647 05/26 Massachusetts passed a law banning Jesuits; they would be put to death if they returned after banishment.
1648 04/26 At Madrid, the death of John de Ripalda, an eminent theologian who held the chair of theology at Salamanca.
1648 07/04 The martyrdom in Canada of St. Anthony Daniel, who was shot with arrows and cast into flames by the Iroquois.
1649 06/08 The death of Vincenzo Caraffa, seventh superior general of the Society.
1649 12/07 The martyrdom in Etarita, Canada, of St. Charles Garnier, missionary to the Petun Indians, among whom he died during an Iroquois attack.
1649 12/22 At Cork the death of David Glawey, a missionary in the Inner and Lower Hebrides, Islay, Oronsay, Colonsay, Arran.
1650 07/18 The death of Cristopher Scheiner, a physicist, astronomer and geometer who discovered sun spots independently of Galileo and created one of the first terrestrial telescopes.
1651 05/19 The martyrdom at Tyburn, England, of Blessed Peter Wright, a former soldier who returned to his homeland as a Jesuit and was hanged.
1652 03/17 Goswin Nickel is elected superior general in succession to Father General Gottifredi, who had died six weeks after his election.
1656 01/23 Pascal published his first Provincial Letter against the Society of Jesus. Other letters followed at intervals. Though condemned at Rome and publicly burnt by the French King's order, they were influential in portraying Jesuits very unfavorably.
1657 05/16 The martyrdom at Janóv, Poland, of St. Andrzej Bobola, killed by Cossacks for his defense of faith.
1658 10/25 Claude la Colombière entered the novitiate at Avignon.
1660 11/05 The death of Alexander de Rhodes, one of the most effective Jesuit missionaries of all time. A native of France, he arrived in what is now Vietnam in 1625.
1661 11/02 The death of Daniel Seghers, an artist famous for his paintings of insects and flowers.
1661 12/12 In the College of Clermont, Paris, James Caret publicly defended the doctrine of papal infallibility, causing great excitement among the Gallicans and Jansenists.
1665 04/21 At Bordeaux the death of John Joseph Surin, who entered the Society at the age of 15. He was a man of great sanctity and venerated after death as a saint. For 20 years he was cruelly tormented by evil spirits, after exorcising certain Religious in a convent at Loudon.
1666 08/25 At Beijing, the death of John Adam Schall whose profound knowledge of mathematics and astronomy won him such fame that the Emperor entrusted to him the reform of the Chinese calendar.
1669 04/06 At Paris, St. Claude de la Colombiere was ordained a priest.
1670 06/14 The death of Francis Annat, confessor of Louis XIV for 16 years. He introduced quinine, then known as "Jesuit's bark" in France and was instrumental in saving Louis XIV's life.
1673 06/17 Jacques Marquette became one of the first Europeans to see the Mississippi River.
1675 05/18 The death in Canada, at age 37, of James Marquette, Jesuit missionary who gained lasting reknown for exploring the Mississippi River.
1675 06/16 St. Margaret Mary Alacoque received her great revelation about devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
1676 11/11 In St James' Palace, London, St. Claude la Colombiére preached on All Saints Day.
1678 11/26 In London the arrest and imprisonment of St. Claude la Colombiére. He was released after five weeks and banished.
1679 01/24 The martyrdom in London of William Ireland, procurator for the English Jesuits. He was falsely accused of plotting to kill the king.
1679 06/20 The martyrdom in London of Blesseds William Harcourt, John Gavan and Anthony Turner.
1679 07/22 The martyrdom at Cardiff, Wales, of St. Philip Evans.
1680 11/27 In Rome the death of Athanasius Kircher, considered a universal genius, but especially knowledgeable in science and archeology.
1682 07/05 General Congregation XII elected Father Charles de Noyelle Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
1683 01/28 The death of Blessed Julian Maunoir, known as the 'Apostle of Brittany' for preaching missions to the poor in the northwest of France.
1686 12/11 At Rome the death of Charles de Noyelle, a Belgian, 12th superior general of the Society.
1687 07/06 Father Tirso González was elected Superior General of the Society of Jesus at 66 years of age; he governed for 18 years.
1688 01/29 The death of Ferdinand Verbiest, the successor to Adam Schall as mathematical professor at the imperial court in Peking and superior of the Society in China.
1688 10/11 King Louis XIV forbade all correspondence and interchange between the French Jesuits and Father General Thyrsus Gonzalez.
1690 10/17 The death at Paray-le-Monial, France, of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque; with St. Claude la Colombière she was greatly responsible for the early spread of devotion to the Sacred Heart.
1693 02/04 The martyrdom in India of St. Joan de Brito, born into the Portuguese aristocracy and a member of the royal court, who devised a method of working with various castes in India.
1697 10/19 The Milanese missionary Juan María Salvatierra arrived in California, carrying an image of the Virgin of Loreto.
1699 10/07 The remains of Ignatius reached their sixth and final resting place in the altar-shrine in the church of the Gesù in Rome.
1700 02/23 The death of Paul Hoste, mathematician and expert historian on construction of ships and naval warfare.
1705 01/21 The death of Claude François Menestrier, the writer of a classic history of ballet and the creator of a ballet for Louis XIV.
1706 01/17 The Fifteenth General Congregation opened; on Jan. 31 it elected Michael Angelo Tamburini superior general.
1711 03/15 The death of Eusebio Francisco Kino, missionary in Lower California and Arizona, noted for his far-ranging exploration and accurate mapmaking.
1715 03/19 Pope Clement XI condemned the "Chinese Rites"; this action proved disastrous to the Chinese mission.
1717 11/07 The death in Poffi, Italy, of St. Anthony Baldinucci, the great itinerant home missionary who preached to people near Rome and averaged 22 missions a year.
1722 09/05 King Philip V authorized the Society to found a college in the city of Santafé de Antioquia (Colombia); it was the first college founded in that province.
1723 10/11 The deaths in Vietnam of Servants of God John Baptist Messari and Francis Mary Bucherelli, martyrs.
1731 09/14 The death of Servant of God Francis Mary Galluzzi, confessor, preacher and counsellor in Rome, noted for his holiness and spiritual influence on students at the Roman College.
1737 04/05 The canonization of St. John Francis Regis by Pope Clement XII.
1741 12/09 At Paris, Charles Poree died. He was a famous master of rhetoric. Nineteen of his pupils were admitted into the French Academy, including Voltaire, who, in spite of his impiety, always felt an affectionate regard for his old Jesuit master.
1742 06/11 Pope Benedict XIV forbade the Chinese and Malabar Rites; persecution broke out at once in China.
1742 07/11 Pope Benedict XIV ended the controversy between Jesuits and other religious orders over the Chinese and Malabar Rites by forbidding the Jesuits to continue the liturgical practices they had long used in China.
1746 12/17 Benedict XIV annulled the Constitution of Pope Innocent X which required a general congregation of the Society every nine years.
1747 09/17 The death of Juan Prímoli, a Jesuit brother who had exceptional talents as an architect and built the cathedral of Córdoba and various churches in Buenos Aires.
1751 07/04 General Congregation XVII elected 69-year-old Ignacio Visconti to be superior general. An affable man known as the "angel of peace," he governed four years.
1758 05/09 The 19th General Congregation opened, the last of the Old Society. It elected Lorenzo Ricci as superior general.
1758 05/21 General Congregation XIX elected Lorenzo Ricci, 58 year-old Florentine Jesuit, as superior general in a time of great uncertainty, with the papal throne vacant after the death of Benedict XIV.
1759 09/16 At Lisbon, 133 fathers and brothers of the Society were put on board a vessel to be conveyed as exiles to Civitavecchia.
1759 10/24 One hundred thirty-three Jesuits, banished from Portugal and put ashore at Civitavecchia, were most kindly received by Clement XIII and by the religious communities, especially the Dominicans.
1759 11/21 At Livorno, the harbor officials refused to let the ship, S. Bonaventura with 120 exiled Portugese Jesuits on board, cast anchor. Carvalho sent orders to the Governor of Rio de Janeiro to make a diligent search for the supposed wealth of the Jesuits.
1759 11/28 Twenty Fathers and 192 Scholastics set sail from the Tagus for exile. Two were to die on the voyage to Genoa and Civita Vecchia.
1760 11/12 Empress Maria Teresa of Austria decreed that the chairs of theology in all the universities within her domain should be held by Dominicans or Augustinians to avoid the "corrupt doctrine taught by the Jesuits."
1762 08/05 The Parliament at Paris condemned the Society’s Institute as opposed to natural law, confiscated all Jesuit property and forbade the Jesuit habit and community life.
1763 10/20 In a pastoral letter read in all his churches, the Archbishop of Paris expressed his bitter regret at the suppression of the society in France. He described it as a veritable calamity for his country.
1764 03/09 In France the government ordered all Jesuits to abjure the Institute or face exile. Only 15 out of approximately 4,000 members took the oath.
1767 03/11 At Madrid Fathers Thomas de Lorrain and Bernard Recio, leaving for the Provincial Congregation in Rome, received a sealed parcel said to come from the nuncio. They were requested to take it to someone in Rome. It contained a letter forged by de Choiseul and de Aranda, the prime ministers of France and Spain, and purporting to come from Fther General Ricci alleging Charles II to be illegitimate. Both priests were arrested on their journey and brought back prisoners to Madrid. The forged document was shown to the king, whose previous affection for the Society turned into most bitter hatred.
1767 04/03 St. Joseph Pignatelli was expelled from Spain along with all other Jesuits there. He began his career of holding together the suppressed Society at age 30, and once again saw the Society permitted to accept novices when he was 57 years old, but he did not live to see its restoration in 1814.
1767 07/10 All the Jesuits in Paraguay were arrested by order of Charkes III of Spain and led into exile. There were 385 priests, 109 brothers, 59 scholastics and 11 novices.
1767 09/09 Under the order of Charles III, the 465 Jesuits working in Perú had to abandon their apostolic efforts.
1768 01/14 The Society of Jesus was banished from the Duchy of Parma, the result of pressure exercised on the Grand Duke by Choiseul of France.
1768 11/04 On the feast of St. Charles, patron of Charles III, King of Spain, the people of Madrid asked for the recall of the Jesuits who had been banished from Spain 19 months earlier. Irritated by this demand, the King drove the Archbishop of Toledo and his Vicar General into exile as instigators of the movement.
1769 05/19 The election of Cardinal Lorenzo Ganganelli as Pope Clement XIV. He was the pope who suppressed the Society.
1769 11/08 In Spain, Charles III ordered all of the Society's goods to be sold, and sent a peremptory demand to the newly-elected Pope Clement XIV to have the Society suppressed.
1772 03/23 At Rome, Cardinal Marefoschi held a visitation of the Irish College and accused the Jesuits of mismanagement. He then removed them from directing that school.
1773 02/10 A copy of the proposed Brief of Suppression of the Society of Jesus, drawn up by Monino (Florida Blanca), the Spanish Ambassador, and revised by Cardinal Zelada, was sent with Pope Clement XIV's leave, given reluctantly, to Charles III of Spain, to be communicated by him to the Courts of France, Austria, Portugal and Naples.
1773 05/25 The scholastics at Bologna, Italy, pressed immediately before the suppression by Cardinal Malvezzi to take off their religious habit and accept dispensation from their vows, refused to listen to him.
1773 07/21 Pope Clement XIV issued “Dominus ac Redemptor”, an Apostolic Brief, suppressing the Society of Jesus.
1773 08/13 Pope Clement XIV published the Brief "Gravissimis ex causis" which established a special congregation of five cardinals to superintend the Suppression of the Society of Jesus and the appropriation of its houses and goods.
1773 08/16 The suppression of the Society of Jesus came with the publication of Clement XIV’s Brief “Dominus ac Redemptor.” Father General Lorenzo Ricci was led away as a prisoner to the English College.
1773 08/17 Frederik II of Prussia and Catherine of Russia forbade the publication of the Brief of Suppression in their dominions.
1773 10/06 In London, Dr. James Talbot, the Apostolic Vicar, promulgated the Letter of Suppression of the Society, and sent copies to Maryland and Pennsylvania.
1773 11/29 The Jesuits of White Russia requested the Empress Catherine to allow the Letter of Suppression to be published, as it had been all over Europe. "She bade them lay aside their scruples, promising to obtain the Papal sanction for their remaining in status quo."
1774 04/24 Christopher de Beaumont, Archbishop of Paris, wrote to Pope Clement XIV, regretting the Brief of Suppression.
1775 02/15 Cardinal Braschi was elected Pope Pius VI. A former pupil of the Society of Jesus, he desired the release of Father General Ricci and his assistants from prison in Castel San Angelo, but Charles III of Spain insisted on their detention.
1778 04/15 Empress Catherine the Great requested the Holy See that the Jesuits in White Russia (the only ones in the world, all others having been suppressed) might have a novitiate. She received the answer that the local bishop should do as he thought best.
1780 02/02 Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia, visited the recently established novitiate at Polotsk, for which she had given permission and which helped make possible the survival of the Society during the suppression years.
1782 06/25 The Jesuits in White Russia were permitted by the Empress Catherine to elect a superior general. They chose Father Czerniewicz, who took the title of vicar general, with the powers of the general.
1787 02/12 At Milan the death of Rudiger Boscovich, among the most famous scientists in Jesuit history. His theory of the composition of matter foreshadowed in part modern atomic theory.
1789 11/06 Father John Carroll of Maryland, a Jesuit until the Suppression, was appointed to be the first Bishop of Baltimore.
1791 11/22 Georgetown Academy opened with one student, aged 12, who was the first student taught by the Jesuits in the United States.
1792 04/14 The death of Maximilian Hell at Vienna. He was an astronomer who directed the royal observatory for 36 years.
1798 07/01 The colossal silver statue of Ignatius in the Gesù in Roma was carried off by French officials during the revolution and melted down. (The exact day is uncertain.)
1800 03/14 At Venice, the election of Pope Pius VII (Cardinal Chiaramonti), a Benedictine, who in 1814 restored the Society throughout the world.
1801 03/07 "Second Confirmation" Day: Pius VII in his brief Catholicae Fidei confirmed Franciszek Kareu as Superior General of the Jesuits in Russia. Thereafter Pius VII wrote to Kereu as "General of the Society of Jesus."
1802 12/28 Pope Pius VII allowed Father General Gabriel Gruber to affiliate the English Jesuits to the Society of Jesus in Russia.
1803 02/19 At St. Inigo's, Maryland, James Walton died. He entered the Society in 1757, was sent to Maryland in 1766 and labored for 36 years. During the Suppression, fully confident that the Society would one day be restored, he faithfully guarded the property of the Society which had been invested chiefly in his name.
1811 02/16 At Dublin, the death of Thomas Betagh, the last survivor of the Irish Jesuits of the Old Society. When the Society was suppressed, he opened a Latin school in Dublin and became curate of St. Michael's Church there.
1815 05/29 The restoration of the Society in Spain was proclaimed by royal decree.
1815 12/20 Alexander I was published a Ukase banishing the Society of Jesus from St. Petersburg and Moscow on the pretext that they were troubling the Russian Church.
1816 01/03 Father General Brzozowski and 25 members of the Society, guarded by soldiers, left St. Petersburg, Russia, having been banished by the civil government.
1816 05/06 In a letter to Thomas Jefferson, John Adams called Jesuits “a body of men worthy of damnation.”
1820 03/13 In Russia, an imperial ukase of Czar Alexander I banished all Jesuits from the Empire where the Society had survived from 1773 until the restoration in 1814.
1820 09/06 King Ferdinand VII suppressed the Society of Jesus in Spain.
1820 10/09 The 20th General Congregation of the Society opened. The first to be held by the restored Society, it elected Luigi Fortis as superior General.
1824 05/17 Pope Leo XII returned the Roman College to the Society.
1829 01/06 Publication of Pope Leo XII's rescript, declaring the Society to be canonically restored in England.
1829 01/27 The death of Father General Luigi Fortis, the 20th superior general of the Society of Jesus, who led the reconstruction of the Society when it was restored after the Suppression.
1829 06/30 The opening of the Twenty-First General Congregation, which elected John Roothan as superior general.
1829 08/26 The death of Ven. Aloysius Mary Solari, a teacher who became a powerful preacher noted for his Friday sermons on the Sacred Heart of Jesus. After only five years in Benevento, southern Italy, he fell suddenly ill, presumably from scarlet fever, and died at age 34.
1831 02/14 The French novitiate at Montrouge near Paris was sacked by revolutionaries convinced that the novices there were practicing "small arms drills" in preparation for the Society's conquering France.
1831 02/24 Father General John Roothaan's September 28, 1830, letter declaring Missouri an independent mission (from Maryland) finally reached the Missouri Jesuits. This status gave the Mission the privilege of having its own novitiate.
1833 02/01 Father General John Roothaan wrote the Ordinatio de Mineverali that granted Jesuit schools permission to charge tuition in line with other reputable day schools in the country. Poor students, however, were not to be turned away.
1834 05/24 Don Pedro IV expelled the Society from Brazil.
1834 12/27 Father General Johann Roothaan published an influential letter on the excellence of the Spiritual Exercises and the need for diligent study and good use of them.
1835 07/07 The Society in Spain was again suppressed and its property seized.
1840 03/27 Peter de Smet set out from St. Louis on his first trip to the Rocky Mountains at the invitation of a delegation from the Salishan people in what is now Montana. This exploratory trip resulted in starting a mission to the Indians a year later.
1840 07/23 The Belgian missionary Fr. Jean Pierre De Smet dedicated the mission that he and five companions were en route to establish in the U.S.A.'s Rocky Mountains to "St. Ignatius, Patron of the Mountains"
1841 08/17 The death of S.G. Charles Odescalchi (1786-1841), a cardinal of the Church who waited 20 years to become a Jesuit. He was one of the first to apply to enter the Society after it was restored in 1814, but family pressure and papal resistance kept him from doing so. In 1823 he was named a cardinal and consecrated archbishop of Ferrara, and later was appointed the vicar of Pope Gregory XVI for the diocese of Rome. Finally Odescalchi’s ill health led the pope to permit him to enter the novitiate, which he did in 1838. After he pronounced his vows, he served as spiritual father to young Jesuits at the seminary in Modena.
1842 04/28 The Republic of Colombia passed a law permitting Jesuits to return to that country some years after the universal restoration of the Society.
1844 06/18 Seventeen Jesuits arrived in Bogotá, Colombia, to reestablish the Society 80 years after Jesuits were banished.
1845 06/12 Pope Gregory XVI refused the demand of the French government that the French Jesuits should be secularized and their houses closed.
1848 03/10 At Naples a mob threatened to massacre the Jesuits unless they left the city at once.
1848 05/10 The Austro-Hungarian government decreed the suppression of the Society of Jesus in all its empire.
1851 09/21 In Rome at the Basilica of St. Peter, Pope Pius IX beatified Peter Claver, "The apostle of the slaves."
1856 06/06 The expulsion of Jesuits from Mexico, under the presidency of Ignacio Comonfort.
1857 10/13 The death in Naples of Ven. Paul Anthony Capelloni, pastor of the Gesù Nuovo.
1859 04/27 At Florence, under pressure from the Freemasons, the Society of Jesus was banished.
1860 01/16 At Calcutta, Belgian Jesuits opened St. Francis Xavier College.
1860 09/11 The Jesuits were expelled from Sicily and all their possessions confiscated.
1861 07/26 The dictator and persecutor of the Church, Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, published a decree expelling Jesuits from Nueva Granada (Colombia); 52 Jesuits abandonned their homeland for the third time, going into exile in Guatemala.
1864 11/20 In St. Peter's, Rome, the beatification of Peter Canisius by Pope Pius IX.
1866 07/17 Gerard Manley Hopkins decided to become catholic.
1867 07/07 The beatification of the 205 Japanese Martyrs, 33 of them members of the Society of Jesus.
1868 08/10 The Society was expelled from Mexico and all its property confiscated.
1870 12/04 The Roman College, appropriated by the Piedmontese government, was reopened as a lyceum. The monogram of the Society over the main entrance was removed.
1871 08/12 The Society was expelled from Guatemala.
1872 07/20 In Roma gangs of miscreants paraded the streets crying out: “Death to the Friars! Death to the Jesuits!”
1872 08/22 Jesuits were expelled from Germany during Bismarck's Kulturkampf.
1873 04/04 In Mexico a law to expel the Society was proposed in Parliament.
1873 05/01 In Rome the Italian Parliament passed a law declaring religious orders non-existent in Italy, and ownership of all their properties passed to the state.
1873 06/19 In Rome, Victor Emmanuel and his parliament explicitly exclude the general of the Society from any pension.
1873 10/20 At Rome all of the Society's houses, including the Gesù and the Curia, were appropriated by the government.
1874 05/23 The death in St. Louis, Missouri, of Peter De Smet, intrepid Belgian missionary, who founded the Rocky Mountain Missions in the western United States and crossed the Atlantic 19 times in search of economic resources and vocations to staff the growing church.
1879 08/04 Pope Leo XIII published his encyclical Aeterni Patris affirming the importance of the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas.
1879 08/07 The New York Province was established.
1880 03/16 The French Parliament passed a bill sponsored by Jules Ferry's for the closing of all the Society's houses and colleges in France.
1881 05/04 The Society was expelled from the Republic of Nicaragua.
1881 06/26 Eighty-three Jesuits were banished by the Republic of Nicaragua.
1883 09/16 General Congregation 23 convened and choose as Vicar with right of succession the Swiss Jesuit Anton Anderledy. In its Decree 46 the Congregation dedicated the Society of Jesus to promoting devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
1886 12/29 Publication of the beatification decree of the English martyrs.
1887 03/05 The funeral of Father General Peter Beckx, 22nd superior general of the Society, who served his brothers in that office for 34 years.
1889 06/08 The death of the jesuit poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins in Dublin at the age of 45.
1890 02/08 At Rome in the Palazzo Barberini, the death of Cardinal Joseph Pecci who left the Society of Jesus in 1847 but was readmitted 40 years later at the request of his brother, Pope Leo XIII.
1892 01/18 The death at Fiesole of Father General Anthony Anderledy, 23rd superior general of the Society.
1900 06/17 The martyrdom at Wuyi, China, of Blessed Modeste Andlauer and Blessed Rémy Aroré, slain during the Boxer Rebellion.
1900 07/20 The death in China of Sts. Paul Denn and Leo Mangin, martyrs of the Boxer Rebellion; the Church celebrates their feast on Feb. 4.
1909 04/17 In the United States, America Magazine began publication.
1909 05/15 The death in Quito, Ecuador, of Italian Jesuit Luis Sodiro, a key scientific figure in Latin America, who developed a botanic collection that formed the base for the National Botanical Garden in Quito.
1909 06/29 St. Pius X entrusted the Pontifical Biblical Institute to the Society.
1909 09/07 Father General Franz Wernz established the province of Austria.
1913 04/09 Pope St. Pius X spoke his praises of the Apostleship of Prayer which counted 25 million members. The periodical The Messenger of the Sacred Heart appears in 42 editions in more than 20 languages.
1914 08/19 The death of Father General Francis Xavier Wernz, thirty-fifth superior general. A noted canonist, he devoted himself to the internal life of the Society.
1915 02/11 Wlodimir Ledochowski was elected 26th superior general of the Society.
1915 03/01 At the 26th General Congregation, the American Assistancy of the Society was established, consisting of the provinces then existent in the United States: Maryland-New York, Missouri, New Orleans and California. Thomas Gannon was named the first American Assistant.
1924 05/05 The Apostolic Letter of Pope Pius XI to Father General, recalling the distinguished merits of the Gregorian University and deciding to build a grand edifice.
1926 09/26 The death at the leprosarium in Culión, the Philippines, of Father Felipe Millán, known as the "Father of Lepers" after a life heroically dedicated to caring for the sick.
1927 10/04 The death in Mexico City of Servant of God Salvador Garcidueñas, pastor and guardian of the Shrine of Our Lady of the Angels.
1928 02/09 Edward Garesche founded the Catholic Medical Mission Board in New York City.
1930 05/27 The death of José María Algué, one of the great meteorologists in the history of the world. He invented a machine to measure barometric pressure that saved many lives in the Far East.
1934 10/07 The deaths of Servants of God Emile Martínez and John Baptist Arconada, martyrs of Spain.
1936 07/24 The death of S.G. Braulio Martínez and Lawrence Isla, martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.
1936 08/14 The deaths of Servants of God Joachim Valentí, Louis Boguñá, and Joseph Vergés, martyrs of the Spanish Civil War, killed by machine gun fire the day after their arrests.
1936 08/23 The death of Servants of God Martin Santaella, Alphonsus Payán, and Emmanuel Luque, martyrs of the Spanish Civil War. They were imprisoned in a prison ship in the harbor at Almerí, in southern Spain. Fathers Alphonsus Payán and Emmanuel Luque were taken off the ship along with a large number of others and shot. Fr. Santaella was beaten and suffocated in a coal bunker on another ship.
1936 08/24 The death of S.G. Andrew Carrió, martyr of the Spanish Civil War who remained in Spain ministering to people after the Society was suppressed.
1936 09/08 The death of Servant of God Richard Tena, martyr of the Spanish Civil War, who was too old and infirm to leave Spain as many other Jesuits had done. Despite his age, he was arrested and shot.
1936 09/12 Servant of God Emmanuel González (1889-1936), Martyr of the Spanish Civil War. Accused of supporting the nationalist movement against the communists, he was taken from prison in the middle of the night and executed.
1936 09/24 The death of Servant of God Ignatius de Velasco and six Companions, martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.
1936 11/04 The death in Tortosa, Spain, of Servants of God Francis Audí, John Rovira and Joseph Llatje, martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.
1937 06/04 Chile was established as an independent vice-province.
1942 11/19 The death of Servant of God Joseph Mark Figueroa, a brother who served as porter of the Jesuit college in Santa Fe, Argentina, for 54 years; his profound love of God touched the whole city.
1944 07/20 An abortive plot against Hitler by General Claus von Stauffenberg and his assistants resulted in the arrest of the Jesuit, Alfred Delp.
1946 08/31 The death of S.G. Joseph Picco, faithful and humble minister. Despite his frail health Fr. Joseph Picco devoted himself to a variety of ordinary jobs over a long life of priestly service. He wanted to be a missionary in Alaska, but his mission was to assist others: an elderly Jesuit who needed health care during his final months, students at the major seminary in Turin where he was confessor, and retreatants in Gozzano.
1946 09/06 General Congregation XXIX convened to elect a new superior general; nine days later it chose the Belgian Jesuit, John Baptist Janssens.
1947 07/21 The death of Servant of God John Baptist Reus, a German who worked in Southern Brazil and is noted for his mystical prayer.
1948 10/01 The death in Portugal of Servant of God Francis Rodrigues da Cruz, famed as a confessor of the poor.
1948 10/21 A novitiate was established in the Belgian Congo for African Jesuits, with four novice scholastics.
1952 05/14 The inauguration in Bogotá, Colombia, of Casa de Ejercicios de Jesús Redentor, for workers and rural farmers.
1952 08/18 The death of Alberto Hurtado, writer, retreat director, trade unionist and founder of "El Hogar de Christo," a movement to help the homeless in Chile.
1955 01/15 The death of Daniel Lord, popular writer, U.S. director of the Sodality, founder of the Summer School of Catholic Action, and editor of The Queen's Work.
1955 04/10 The death of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, paleontologist and theologian.
1956 10/28 In La Vega, Dominican Republic, the inauguration of Radio Santa María, a station founded by the Jesuits to provide popular or basic education throughout that country.
1956 11/01 The Society of Jesus was allowed into Norway.
1957 02/28 The Jesuit Volunteer Corps was founded in the United States.
1963 04/01 The death of Gerald Ellard, liturgist and one of the founders of the National Liturgical Conference.
1963 11/24 The death of John LaFarge, pioneer advocate of racial justice in the United States.
1965 05/22 Pedro Arrupe was elected the 28th superior general of the Society of Jesus.
1968 08/21 Father General Pedro Arrupe arrived in Medellín, Colombia, to take part in the conference of Latin American bishops that proved to be a pivotal moment in the Church's recognition of the central role of the option for justice.
1969 10/08 The death of Louis Twomey, an advocate of interracial justice and labor relations in the United States.
1972 08/20 The death of Pío Buck, a Swiss Jesuit known as the apostle of prisoners in Brasil; he was also famous as an entomologist.
1975 01/26 The death of Josef Jungmann, whose studies of liturgical history contributed to the reform of the liturgy.
1976 10/12 The murder in rural Brazil of Joao Bosco Burnier who was shot and killed by soldiers for protesting the torture of two poor women.
1977 03/12 In El Salvador, Rutilio Grande, pastor and champion of the campesinos, was assassinated on his way to celebrate Mass.
1978 06/27 The murder of Bernard Lisson, a mechanic, and Gregor Richert, a parish priest, shot to death at St Rupert's Mission, Sinoia, Zimbabwe.
1979 07/14 The assassination in Guyana of Fr. Bernard Darke, a photographer for the Catholic Standard, a diocesan newspaper.
1979 12/14 The death of Riccardo Lombardi, founder of the Better World Movement.
1980 03/07 Matthew Mannaparambil, a parish priest at Sasaram in Patna/Bihar, India, was assassinated.
1981 04/13 The death of Godofredo Alingal, who was shot and killed in his rectory in Kibawe, Philippines, for defending the rights of poor farmers.
1981 08/02 Carlos Perez Alonso, chaplain at a military hospital in Guatemala, disappeared and is presumed to have been killed during a period of repression.
1983 09/02 General Congregation 33 began in Rome with 220 delegates representing 26,000 Jesuits.
1983 11/14 Father General Peter-Hans Kolvenbach decreed that all independent vice-provinces in the Society should become provinces.
1983 12/28 The death in a Chinese labor camp of Francis Xavier Chu, a Jesuit born in Shanghai.
1984 12/08 The death of Walter Ciszek, prisoner in Russia from 1939 to 1963.
1985 01/12 Eduardo Rodriguez + in Spain, age 83. He preached 900 missions over 43 years, usually of 12-15 days length. He never carried a suitcase, but only a bundle or bag.
1985 10/30 In Mozambique the brutal assasination of Joao de Deus and Silvio Moreira, Portuguese Jesuits who were missionaries dedicated to the good of the people.
1987 06/02 The death of Anthony de Mello, author and retreat master.
1989 06/01 The death of Sergio Restrepo, whose defense of the rights of the powerless and of the environment made him a threat to the interests of the economic and political powers in Tierralta, Colombia.
1989 11/16 The assassination in San Salvador, El Salvador, of Ignacio Ellacuría, Ignacio Martín-Baró, Segundo Mondes, Joaquín López, Juan Ramón Moreno, and Amando López, along with their cook, Elba Julia Ramos, and her daughter Celina Maricet Ramos.
1991 02/05 At Rome, the death of Pedro Arrupe, 28th superior general of the Society of Jesus.
1991 08/27 In Bogotá, Colombia, the first meeting for those in charge of pastoral work in the Latin American universities of the Society of Jesus.
1992 05/31 The canonization of Claude de la Colombiere by Pope John Paul II, 63 years after he was beatified by Pius XI.
1994 07/12
1996 10/27 Christophe Munzihirwa Mwene Ngabo SJ, archbishop of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic was murdered. He had denounced the political and economic exploitation of hundreds of thousands of Rwandan refugees who sought refuge in Kivu.
St. Ignatius of Loyola SJ 07/31 The "Pilgrim" loved his vagabond years searching for God after a dramatic conversion yet became famous as the founder of the Society of Jesus.

Father General

Adolfo Nicolás

Fr. Adolfo Nicolás,
Superior General of the Society of Jesus

Documents and talks
Documents and texts
of Fr. Peter-Hans Kolvenbach
What is a Superior General?

Since Saint Ignatius was elected as Superior General of the Society of Jesus in 1540 and as he wrote the Constitutions of his Order, the Superior General has always been elected for life by a “General Congregation” of Jesuits, representatives of their provinces around the world.

The mission of the Superior General consists in guiding the Order, according to the Constitutions and Norms and the Guidelines of the General Congregations.

The two last Superior Generals, Frs. Pedro Arrupe (1965-1983) and Peter-Hans Kolvenbach (1983-2008) have asked and received permission from the pope to step down as Superior General.
Profile of Father Adolfo Nicolás

born on April 29 in Villamuriel de Cerrato (Palencia province), Spain, about four miles from the capital city Palencia. The third of four brothers (Antonio, Félix, Adolfo and José), his father Adolfo originated from the province of Burgos and his mother Modesta hailed from the small town Villalaco in the Palencia province.

His father, a military professional, was transferred to Barcelona. There Adolfo attended the Jaime Balmes Institute for his 1st year of high school [a seven year program at that time in Spain]. He did his second and third year at the Christian Brothers school in Barcelona. In 1949 he did his fourth year of high school at the Minor Seminary of Saint Joseph that the Jesuits of the Tarraconense Province ran in the town of Roquetas del Mar.

his father was transferred to Madrid; Adolfo completed his remaining three years of secondary education at the Jesuit's Areneros high school, graduating in 1953 with the highest distinction the school granted.

on September 15 he entered the Jesuit novitiate in Aranjuez in what was then the Province of Toledo. His philosophy studies were completed at Alcala de Henares, obtaining in Ph.L. in 1960. He then left for Japan for language studies.

he studied theology in Tokyo and was ordained priest there on March 17, 1967.

he completed his doctoral work at the Gregorian and wrote his doctoral dissertation, Theology of Progress.

he became a Professor of Systematic Theology at Sophia University in Tokyo.

Director of the Pastoral Institute in Manila , Philippines. This Institute was formed after the Vatican II to work on aggiornamento - the renewal of the Church - and has had wide influence in the theological renewal of all of Asia. Asian bishops and novice directors received their formation there.

Rector of the house of Jesuit students in Tokyo.

Provincial of Japan and in that capacity he attended GC34 in 1995, where on the first ballot he was elected secretary of the congregation.

he moved to a poor parish of immigrants in Tokyo. He was able to help thousands of Philippino and Asian immigrants, in the process gaining a first hand experience of their suffering. In this way his love for the poor and oppressed became his most important ministry.

he became Moderator of the Jesuit Conference of East Asia and Oceania. This means that his area of responsibility extended from China to the South Pacific and Australia. During these years, Fr. Kolvenbach made Vietnam into a new Province.

he served as a member of the Coetus Previus (preparatory commission) of GC35

on January 19 he was elected Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
Father General Adolfo Nicolás SJ
Father General Adolfo Nicolás SJ
see more
February 2009 visit to California province

Documents and talks
Father General Adolfo Nicolás SJ
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Father General Kolvenbach SJ
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Christian-Muslim dialogue
Papers by Father Thomas Michel SJ

Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu (ARSI), | for scholars doing research into Jesuit history
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Review of Ignatian Spirituality

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Guide to Ignatian and Jesuit sites in Rome
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General Counsellors

When Father General is in Rome, he begins every day meeting with his “General Counsellors”.

The election of those counsellors shows a balance of power between the newly elected Superior General and the General Congregation who has elected him.

Fr. General is the one who appoints (now nine) Regional Assistants, and several other General Counsellors.

The General Congregation elects four Assistants “ad providentiam”. Their function is to assist the Superior General on behalf of the whole Society. The assistance called for deals with external matters “such as clothing, food and any expenditure touching upon the General’s person”, preventing him “from going beyond measure in labours or excessive severity”, and attending “to his soul in case necessity might arise”.

Among the General Counsellors there is a Counsellor for Formation and Fr. General’s Delegate, responsible for the governance of the international Jesuit houses in Rome.

There are also two counsellors not residing in Rome who are ready to come to Rome whenever Father General wants their advice on various matters.
Assistants "ad providentiam"

Fr. Lisbert D'Souza
Fr. Lisbert D’Souza

(Bombay Province, India, Born: 1944)
Regional Assistant for Southern Asia.

Fr. James E. Grummer
Fr. James E. Grummer

(Wisconsin Province, USA, Born: 1950)
Regional Assistant for the USA.

Fr. Federico Lombardi
Fr. Federico Lombardi

(Italian Province, Born: 1942)
Fr. Marcos Recolons
Fr. Marcos Recolons de Arquer

(Bolivia Province, Born: 1942)
Regional Assistant for South Latin America.

Other Counsellors

Fr. Joaquin Barrero
Fr. Joaquín Barrero Díaz

(Castille Province, Spain, Born: 1949)
Regional Assistant for Southern Europe and Superior of the Curia community.
Fr. Joseph P. Daoust
Fr. Joseph P. Daoust

(Chicago-Detroit Province, USA, Born: 1939)
Delegate for the Interprovincial Jesuit Communities in Rome.

Fr. Daniel Huang
Fr. Daniel Patrick Huang

(Philippine Province, Born: 1959)
Regional Assistant for Asia Pacific.

Fr. Antoine Kerhuel
Fr. Antoine Kerhuel

(French Province,
Born: 1957)
Regional Assistant for Western Europe.

Fr. Jean-Roger Ndombi
Fr. Jean-Roger Ndombi

(Western Africa Province, Born: 1953)
Regional Assistant for Africa.
Fr. Gabriel Ignacio Rodríguez
Fr. Gabriel Ignacio Rodríguez

(Colombia Province, Born: 1952)
Regional Assistant for Northern Latin America.

Fr. Orlando Torres
Fr. Orlando Torres

(Puerto Rico Province, Born: 1944)
Assistant for Formation.
Fr. Adam Zak
Fr. Adam Żak

(South Poland Province, Born: 1950)
Regional Assistant for Central and Eastern Europe.

Regional Assistants


After his election at the 35th General Congregation (2008) Father General appointed 9 Regional Assistants from a list, provided by the Congregation.

These “Regional Assistants” help him in the governance of the Society of Jesus and have a responsibility in a (territorial) Assistancy.


There are nine assistancies:

AFR: Africa

ALM: Southern part of South America
(America Latina Meridionalis)

ALS: Northern part of South America
(America Latina Septentrionalis)

ASM: South Asia (Asia Meridionalis)

ASP: Asia Pacific

ECO: Central and Eastern Europe
(Europa Centralis et Orientalis)

EMR: Southern Europe
(Europa Meridionalis)

EOC: Western Europe
(Europa Occidentalis)

USA: The United States of America

Role of the Regional Assistants

The Regional Assistants help and support Father General in his decision- making. Each one is responsible for the oral and written communication with the provinces of his Assistancy).

The entire governance structure of the Society of Jesus is based on a continuous flow of information and extensive consultations.

Each and every decision is based on the reports received from local Superiors, brother Jesuits, lay collaborators as well as the provincial’s personal knowledge of every Jesuit and apostolate in his province.

Decisions to call a man to ordination, to final vows, appointments of Superiors and Directors of Apostolates all follow this careful decision-making process.
AFR: Africa

Fr. Jean-Roger Ndombi
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Jean-Roger Ndombi

(Western Africa Province, Born: 1953)
Fr. Chukwuyenum Afiawari
Fr. Chukwuyenum Afiawari

(North West African Province, Born: 1964)
ALM: South America South
Fr. Marcos Recolons de Arquer
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Marcos Recolons de Arquer

(Bolivia Province, Born: 1942)
Fr. Enrique Müller Secretary (Portug.):
Fr. Henrique Müller

(Province of South Brazil, Born: 1954)
Fr. Benjamin Crespo
Secretary (Spanish):
Fr. Benjamin Crespo

(Peruvian Province, Born: 1949)
ALS: South America North

Fr. Gabriel Ignacio Rodríguez
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Gabriel Ignacio Rodríguez

(Colombia Province, Born: 1952)
Fr. Benjamin Crespo
Fr. Benjamin Crespo

(Peruvian Province, Born: 1949)

ASM: South Asia

Fr. Lisbert D'Souza
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Lisbert D'Souza

(Bombay Province, India, Born: 1944)
Fr. Kristdhari Kujur Secretary:
Fr. Christdhari Kujur

(Madhya Pradesh Province, India, Born: 1955)

ASP: Asia Pacific

Fr. Daniel Huang
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Daniel Patrick Huang

(Philippine Province, Born: 1959)
Fr. Theodore Overberg Secretary:
Fr. Theodore Overberg

(Australian Province, Born: 1946)

ECO: Central and Eastern Europe
Fr. Adam Zak
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Adam Żak

(South Poland Province, Born: 1950)
Fr. Bogdan Lesniak
Fr. Bogdan Lesniak

(Greater Poland Province, Born: 1973)
Fr. Georg Schmidt Secretary:
Fr. Georg Schmidt

(German Province, Born: 1953)
EMR: Southern Europe

Fr. Joaquín Barrero Díaz
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Joaquín Barrero Díaz

(Castille Province, Spain, Born: 1949)
Fr. Eugenio Costa
Secretary (Italian):
Fr. Eugenio Costa

(Italian Province, Born: 1934)

Fr. Enrique Müller
Secretary (Portug.):
Fr. Henrique Müller

(Province of South Brazil, Born: 1954)
Fr. Luis López Yarto
Secretary (Spanish):
Fr. Luis López Yarto

(Castille Province, Spain, Born: 1935)

EOC: Western Europe

Fr. Antoine Kerhuel
Regional Assistant:
Fr. Antoine Kerhuel

(French Province,
Born: 1957)
Fr. Louis Boisset
Fr. Louis Boisset

(Near East Province, Born: 1939)


Fr. James E. Grummer
Regional Assistant:
Fr. James E. Grummer

(Wisconsin Province, USA, Born: 1950)
Fr. Jesus Rodriguez
Fr. Jesús Rodríguez

(New Orleans Province, USA, Born: 1961)

The Interprovincial Jesuit Houses in Rome

Communities and Apostolic Works
in Rome
Besides the houses and activities of the Italian Jesuits, there are in Rome several large institutions and communities at the service of the Church universal. They depend directly on the Superior General of the Society of Jesus and are governed in his name by a Delegate who is a Major Superior. Currently Father General’s Delegate for these apostolates is Father Joseph Daoust.

The recent 35th General Congregation (2008) declared that the interprovincial institutions in Rome are among the five global apostolic preferences of the Society of Jesus requiring ‘special or privileged attention’ as ‘a special mission received directly from the Holy Father’.

The following are the Houses and Works that form together what are commonly known as the ‘INTER PROVINCIAL ROMAN HOUSES’. In latin ’Domus Interprovinciales Romanae’ [DIR] :

‘Curia Generalizia’
The Central Offices of the Society of Jesus

The Pontifical Gregorian University
A university born out of the free classes given at a 'Collegio Romano' started by Saint Ignatius of Loyola in 1551. It offers degrees in ecclesiastical, religious and human sciences: Theology, Canon Law, Church History, Philosophy, Psychology, Social Sciences, etc

The Pontificial Biblical Institute (with a branch in Jerusalem)
A university institute for higher studies in Sacred Scriptures and related disciplines (founded in 1909), with a Research and Studies Centre in Jerusalem.

The Pontificial Oriental Institute
A university institute for higher studies in Theology and Canon Law of the Oriental Catholic and Orthodox Churches (founded in 1917).

The "Collegio S. Roberto Bellarmino"
A house of studies for Jesuit priests and brothers preparing for advanced academic degrees.

The "Collegio Internationale del Gesù"
A house of studies for young Jesuits preparing for the priesthood (first cycle)

The "S. Pietro Canisio Residence"
A residence for Jesuits working at Vatican Radio, with an infirmary for the elderly and the sick.

The Vatican Observatory ('Specola Vaticana')
A centre of astronomical observation and research, with two sites, one at Castel Gandolfo (Italy) and the other at Tucson, AZ (USA).

"Centro Aletti"
An ecumenical centre of art and theology devoted to bridging Eastern and Western Christian traditions.

‘Collegios’ entrusted to the Society
Among the ‘Roman Houses’ are also listed several ‘COLLEGIOS’ entrusted to the Society. Those are Houses of Studies providing accommodation to diocesan priests and seminarians of various countries of the world who are engaged in studies in Rome. They are:
The Pontificio Collegio Germanico e Ungarico
The Pontificio Collegio Pio Brasiliano
The Pontificio Collegio Pio Latino Americano
The Pontificio Collegio Russo (‘Russicum’)
The DIR - "Domus Interprovinciales Romanae"

Fr. Joseph Daoust
Fr. Joseph Daoust

(Chicago-Detroit Province, USA, Born: 1939)
Delegate for the international Jesuit Houses and Works in Rome

Fr. Etienne DegrezFr. Etienne Degrez
(Calcutta Province, India, Born: 1945)
Assistant of the Delegate for the International Houses and Works
Delegato DIR
Borgo S. Spirito, 4
00193 Roma (Italia)


The houses
    Curia Generalizia
    Borgo S. Spirito, 4
    00193 Roma (Italia)

    Tel: +39-06-689-771
    Fax: +39-06-686-8214
    Download the folder "How to reach the Curia..."
    Pontificia Università Gregoriana - PUG
    Piazza della Pilotta, 4
    00187 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-670-11
    Fax: +39-06-670-154-13

    Pontificio Istituto Biblico
    Via della Pilotta, 25
    00187 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-695-261
    Fax: +39-06-695-266-151

    Pontifical Biblical Institute
    3 Paul-Emile Botta St.
    P.O.B. 497
    91004 Jerusalem (Israel)
    Tel: +972-2-6252-843
    Fax: +972-2-6241-203

    Pontificio Istituto Orientale
    Piazza. S. Maria Maggiore,7
    00185 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-447-4170
    Fax: +39-06-446-5576

    Collegio S. Roberto Bellarmino
    Via del Seminario, 120
    00186 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-695-271
    Fax: +39-06-695-276-562

    Collegio Internazionale del Gesù
    Piazza del Gesù, 45
    00186 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-692-058-00
    Tel: +39-06-692-058-78
    Fax: +39-06-678-0780

    Residenza S. Pietro Canisio
    Via dei Penitenzieri, 20
    00193 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-689-771
    Fax: +39-06-68977-670

    Infermeria DIR
    Via dei Penitenzieri, 20
    00193 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-68977-626

    Specola Vaticana (in Castelgandolfo)
    V-00120 Città del Vaticano
    Tel: +39-06-698-852-66
    Fax: +39-06-69884-671

    Specola Vaticana (in Tucson, USA)
    2017 E. Lee St.
    Tucson, AZ 85719-4340 (USA)
    Tel: +1-520-795-9866
    Fax: +1-520-326-0756
    Web: http://clavius/as/arizona/edu/vo

    Residenza SS. Trinità, Centro Aletti
    Via Paolina, 25
    00184 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-482-4588
    Fax: +39-06-485-876

    Pontificio Collegio Germanico e Ungarico
    Via S. Nicola da Tolentino, 13
    00187 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-42-11-99
    Fax: +39-06-42-119-125

    Pontificio Collegio Pio Brasiliano
    Via Aurelia, 527
    00165 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-66-0591
    Fax: +39-06-66-059-480

    Pontificio Collegio Pio Latino Americano
    Via Aurelia Antica, 408
    00165 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-66-69-31
    Fax: +39-06-66-693-777

    Pontificio Collegio Russicum
    Via Carlo Cattaneo, 2/A
    00185 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-44-869-81
    Fax: +39-06-448-698-32

    La Civiltà Cattolica
    Via di Porta Pinciana,1
    00187 Roma (Italia)
    Tel: +39-06-697-9201
    Fax: +39-06-697-920-22


  1. Alan something doesn't seem right about this page. The fondness of the use of "Father" general many times? The exact detail of names and addresses. Am i detecting a sense of "pride" in the presentation of info on this page? The bold use of the Papal crown and keys! May i ask you directly, Are you a Jesuit or coadjutor? I look forward to your answer! Cheers