The Jesuit New World Order

Tuesday, 22 May 2012

THE CROWN ROUNDTABLE The Council on Foreign Relations
The origin and goals of the elite U.S. policy organization

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The Inquiry and the Round Table In the fall of 1917, a group called "The Inquiry" was assembled by Col. Edward M. House to negotiate solutions for the Paris Peace Conference in Versailles. They worked out of the American Geographical Society doing historical research, and writing position papers. The Inquiry was formed around the inner circle of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society, which was a group of American socialist-oriented intellectuals.
House, President Wilson's most trusted advisor, was an admirer of Marx. In 1912, he anonymously wrote the book Philip Dru: Administrator (published by Fabian B. W. Huebsch), which was a novel that detailed the plans for the takeover of America, by establishing "socialism as dreamed by Karl Marx," and the creation of a one-world totalitarian government. This was to be done by electing an American President through "deception regarding his real opinions and intentions." The book also discussed the graduated income tax, and tax-free foundations. The novel became fact, and "Philip Dru" was actually House himself.
In the spring of 1918, a group of people met at the Metropolitan Club in New York City to form the Council on Foreign Relations. The group was made up of "high-ranking officers of banking, manufacturing, trading, and finance companies, together with many lawyers ... concerned primarily with the effect that the war and the treaty of peace might have on post-war business." The honorary Chairman was Elihu Root, a Wall Street lawyer, former New York Senator, former Secretary of War under McKinley, former Secretary of State under Theodore Roosevelt, member of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912), and the most recognized Republican of his time. From June, 1918 to April, 1919, they held a series of dinner meetings on a variety of international matters, but soon disbanded.
On May 30, 1919, Baron Edmond de Rothschild of France hosted a meeting at the Majestic Hotel in Paris between The Inquiry and the Round Table groups to discuss a merger. The Inquiry was dominated by J. P. Morgan's people and included members such as:
  • George Louis Beers (an historian who later became the U.S. representative for the Round Table)
  • Walter Lippman
  • Frank Aydelotte
  • Whitney H. Shepardson
  • Thomas W. Lamont
  • Jerome D. Greene
  • Col. Edward M. House
  • Dr. James T. Shotwell
  • Professor Archibald Coolidge
  • Gen. Tasker H. Bliss (the U.S. Army Chief of Staff)
  • Erwin D. Canham (of the Christian Science Monitor)
  • Herbert Hoover (who, when he was elected to the Presidency in 1928, chose CFR member Henry L. Stimson to be his Secretary of State)
Round Table representatives included:
They met again on June 5, 1919, and decided to have separate organizations, each cooperating with the other. On July 17, 1919, Edward M. House formed the Institute for International Affairs in New York City, and The Inquiry became the American branch of the Round Table. Their secret aims were:
"...to coordinate the international activities and outlooks of all the English-speaking world into one ... to work to maintain peace; to help backward, colonial, and underdeveloped areas to advance towards stability, law and order, and prosperity, along the lines somehow similar to those taught at Oxford and the University of London..."
The Council on Foreign Relations, and the Institute for International Affairs, both supporters of Wilson, strongly supported the League of Nations. However, the Round Table wanted to weaken the League by eliminating the possibility of collective security in order to strengthen Germany, and isolate England from Europe so an Atlantic power could be established, consisting of England, the British Dominions, and the United States.
In 1921, when it became apparent that the United States wasn't going to join the League, the Council on Foreign Relations was incorporated on July 21st, consisting of members from both groups, and others who had participated in the 1919 Paris Peace Talks. The name change was made so that the American branch of the Round Table would appear to be a separate entity, and not connected to the organization in England.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) became the American headquarters for the Illuminati. Led by Edward M. House who wrote the Charter, they were financed by:
The membership of the CFR was mainly made up from the 150 members of Edward M. House's task force which worked on the Peace Treaty. Many were associates of the J.P. Morgan Bank. The first Board consisted of the seven who were on the Merger Committee, plus nine others:
  • Whitney H. Shepardson (Executive Secretary)
  • George W. Wickersham (Chairman, Wall Street lawyer, Attorney General for President Taft)
  • Frank L. Polk (Wall Street banker, Under Secretary of State)
  • Paul Warburg
  • William R. Sheperd (president of Columbia University)
  • Edwin F. Gay (Secretary-Treasurer)
  • Stephen P. Duggan (director of the International Education Board)

  • John W. Davis (President, former Ambassador to Great Britain)
  • Elihu Root (Honorary President)
  • Paul D. Cravath (Vice President, NY lawyer)
  • Archibald Cary Coolidge (Harvard historian)
  • Isaiah Bowman (director of the American Geographical Society)
  • Norman H. Davis (NY banker, former Under Secretary of State)
  • John H. Finley (associate editor at the New York Times)
  • David F. Houston (former Secretary of Treasury)
  • Otto Kahn (NY banker).
Other CFR members included:

The CFR Begins Operation Whereas All Souls College at Oxford University was the base for Round Table operations in England, the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University, established by Abraham Flexner of the Carnegie Foundation and Rockefeller's General Education Board, was the center of activities for the American branch.
The CFR membership grew from 97 in 1921, to 210 in 1922. In 1927, they began to receive funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, and later the Carnegie Endowment and Ford Foundation, in addition to the financial support they got from J.P. Morgan and the Wall Street banking interests. By 1936, their membership reached 250, and they already had a lot of influence on five American newspapers: The New York Times, New York Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, The Washington Post, and the Boston Evening Transcript. This gave them the ability to slant the news in a way which would reflect their views, and thus begin the process of molding America to suit their needs.
In 1937, the CFR came up with the idea for 'Committees on Foreign Relations,' which would be established in various major cities around the country, for the "serious discussion of international affairs by leading citizens in widely separated communities." Between 1938 and 1940, Francis P. Miller organized these mini-Councils with funding from the Carnegie Corporation, to better influence thinking across the country. John W. Davis said after World War II that these committees had "provided an avenue for extending the Council to every part of the country." These CFR subsidiaries were established in 38 cities: Albuquerque, Atlanta, Billings, Birmingham, Boise, Boston, Casper, Charlottesville, Chicago (the most prominent), Cleveland, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Miami, Nashville, Omaha, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Rochester, St. Louis, St. Paul-Minneapolis, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Santa Barbara, Seattle, Tampa Bay, Tucson, Tulsa, Wichita, and Worcester.
The CFR has always claimed to be a private organization that doesn't formulate any government policy, in fact, the following disclaimer appears on their books:
"The Council on Foreign Relations is a non-profit institution devoted to the study of the international aspects of American political, economic, and strategic problems. It takes no stand, expressed or implied, on American policy."
From the beginning, their goal was to infiltrate the government, and that was done. Actually, they were so successful, that today, the CFR practically controls, and dictates, both domestic and foreign policy.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt had Henry Wallace (Secretary of Agriculture) and Louis Douglas (Director of the Budget Bureau) work with a CFR study group on national self-sufficiency, out of which came the Export-Import Bank and the Trade Agreements Act of 1934.
On September 12, 1939, after the start of World War II, CFR members Hamilton Fish Armstrong (editor of the CFR magazine Foreign Affairs) and Walter H. Mallory (Executive Director), went to the State Department and met with Assistant Secretary of State George S. Messersmith (CFR member), to offer the services of the Council by establishing a CFR study group concerning the war and a plan for peace, which would make recommendations to the State Department. They proposed to do research, and make informal recommendations in areas regarding national security and economics. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, and Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles (CFR member) liked the idea, and the "War and Peace Studies Project" was initiated with funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, who gave grants totaling $300,000 over a 6 year period.
Under that umbrella, there were 5 study groups, each with 10-15 men and a full-time paid secretary. All together, between 1940 and 1945, there were 100 people involved, with 362 meetings, producing 682 documents, and meets regularly with State Department officials.
Officers:
Norman H. Davis (Chairman)
Walter H. Mallory (Secretary)
Peace Aims:
Hamilton Fish Armstrong
Territorial:
Isaiah Bowman (President of Johns Hopkins University, geography expert)
Armaments:
Allen W. Dulles (international corporate lawyer)
Hanson W. Baldwin (military correspondent for New York Times)
Political:
Whitney H. Shepardson (corporate executive who was House's secretary at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference)
Economic and Financial:
Alvin H. Hansen (professor of political economy at Harvard)
Jacob Viner (professor of economics at University of Chicago)
In December, 1941, at the urging of the CFR, the State Department created the 14-member "Advisory Committee on Post-War Foreign Policy", in which the CFR was represented by eight of its members (2 more became members later). The core of the group was:
  • Cordell Hull
  • Sumner Welles
  • Norman H. Davis
  • Myron C. Taylor (corporate executive)
  • Isaiah Bowman
  • Leo Pasvolsky (economist)
All were CFR members, with the exception of Hull, and were known as the 'Informal Political Agenda Group' which Roosevelt called his "post-war advisers." They controlled the Committee, and were assisted by a research staff financed and controlled by the CFR. In order to formulate a closer liaison between the CFR and the Advisory Committee, the Research Secretaries from the "War and Peace Studies Project" were brought into the State Department as consultants to the corresponding subcommittee of the Advisory Committee. The Committee had their last general meeting in May, 1942, and all work from then on occurred at the subcommittee level. As World War II came to an end, CFR study groups planned the reconstruction of Germany and Japan, the establishment of the United Nations, the initiation of the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank (the U.N. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). In December, 1943, the CFR began to outline their proposal for the United Nations, which was presented at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference. Historian Ruth B. Russell wrote in her 1958 book, A History of the United Nations Charter: The Role of the United States, 1940-1945, that "the substance of the provisions finally written into the (U.N.) Charter in many cases reflected conclusions reached at much earlier stages by the United States Government."
In 1945, the CFR moved into their present headquarters, which was largely financed by Rockefeller; and the study groups disbanded, with the men in those groups taking their place in the forefront of national affairs. For instance, Allen Dulles, former President of the CFR, was appointed director of the CFR; and John Foster Dulles, became Eisenhower's Secretary of State. Senator Barry Goldwater would later say: "From that day forward the Council on Foreign Relations had placed its members in policy-making positions with the federal government, not limited to the State Department."
In 1945, Sen. Arthur K. Vandenberg, a leading Republican, and a CFR member, traveled around the country to drum up support for the creation of the United Nations. He was also instrumental in getting the Republican-controlled Congress to go along with Truman's CFR-controlled foreign policy. When the U.N. Conference met in San Francisco in 1945, there were 47 CFR members in the U.S. delegation, including:

The Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) In 1925, Lionel Curtis, established the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) in 12 countries in order to steer America towards Communism. This Round Table finger organization was financed by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the Ford Foundation.
The American branch of the IPR also received funding from:
The IPR was led by Professor Owen Lattimore, head of Johns Hopkins University School of Diplomacy, who, during a 1951-52 investigation of the IPR, was identified as a Soviet operative. The Senate found the group to be "a vehicle toward Communist objectives." Men from the IPR (who were all communist or pro-communist) were placed in important teaching positions and dominated the Asian Affairs section of the State Department. After a four-year battle, their tax exempt status was revoked from 1955-1960.
Their publications were used by the armed forces, colleges, and close to 1,300 public school systems. They published a magazine called Amerasia, whose offices had been raided by the FBI which found 1,700 secret documents from various government agencies, including the Army and Navy, that were either stolen or given to them by traitors within the State Department. The Senate Internal Subcommittee concluded that the American policy decision which helped establish Communist control in China (by threatening to cut-off aid to Chiang Kai-shek unless he went communist), was made by IPR officials acting on behalf of the Soviet Union.
Besides Lattimore, they also named Lauchlin Currie (an Administrative Assistant to the President, who was identified as a Soviet agent by J. Edgar Hoover), Alger Hiss, Joseph Barnes, Philip Jessup, and Harry Dexter White as Communist sympathizers. While he was Assistant Secretary of Treasury, Harry Dexter White provided Russia with the means of printing currency. He became Director of the International Monetary Fund in 1946, but resigned in 1947, when Whittaker Chambers accused him of being pro-communist, which he denied. In November, 1948, after White's death, Whittaker produced five rolls of microfilmed documents, which included eight pages of U.S. military secrets which had been written by White.
After World War II, the CFR was able to expand its study programs with grants of $1.5 million from the Ford Foundation, $500,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation, and $500,000 from the Carnegie Endowment.
Pro-communist Cyrus Eaton, Sr., a recipient of the Lenin Peace Prize, established the "Joint Conferences on Science and World Affairs", also known as the "Pugwash Conferences", in 1945 to gather intellectuals from across the world, and to exchange information on ways to push America towards disarmament. The group was financed by the CFR, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Ford Foundation. In 1959, a disarmament proposal developed by the CFR, and discussed at the Conference, became the basis for Kennedy's disarmament policy in September, 1961.
In Study No. 7 Basic Aim of U.S. Foreign Policy, published by the CFR in November, 1959, they revealed their plans for the country:
"The U.S. must strive to build a new international order ... (which) must be responsive to world aspirations for peace ... (and) for social and economic change...including states labeling themselves as 'Socialist' ... (and to) gradually increase the authority of the U.N.."
They also advocated secret negotiations with Russia concerning disarmament, and increased foreign aid to China. The foreign policy of the CFR seemed to mirror that of the U.S. Communist Party, only because a change to a socialistic form of government would bring them that much closer to a one-world government.

The Globalist Goals of the CFR The CFR's "1980's Project" evolved from a Council Study Group on International Order, which had met from 1971-73. They sought to duplicate the success they had achieved with the War and Peace Studies, and their concentration was to be on creating a new political and economic system that would have global emphasis. Miriam Camps, former Vice-Chairperson of the State Department's Policy Planning Council, recorded the group's discussion in a report called The Management of Independence, which called for "the kind of international system which we should be seeking to nudge things."
In the fall of 1973, the 1980's Project was initiated, and to accommodate it the CFR staff was expanded and additional funds raised, including $1.3 million in grants from the Ford, Lilly, Mellon and Rockefeller Foundations. The Coordinating Committee had 14 men, with a full-time staff; plus 12 groups, each with 20 members; in addition to other experts and advisors who acted as consultants to the project. Some of the reports produced: Reducing Global Inequities, Sharing Global Resources, and Enhancing Global Human Rights.
Stanley Hoffman, a chief participant of the Project, wrote a book in 1978, called Primacy or World Order, which he said was an "illegitimate offspring" of the Project. Basically, it was a summary of the Project's work, and concluded that the best chance for foreign policy success, was to adopt a "world order policy."
When Jimmy Carter was elected to the Presidency in 1976, some of the Project's strongest supporters, such as Cyrus Vance, Michael Blumenthal, Marshall Shulman, and Paul Warnke, went to the White House to serve in the new Administration. In 1979, the Project was discontinued for being too unrealistic, which meant it was too soon for that kind of talk.
The CFR headquarters and library is located in the five-story Howard Pratt mansion (a gift from Pratt's widow, who was an heir to the Standard Oil fortune) at 58 E. 68th Street, in New York City (on the corner of Park Ave. and 68th Street), on the opposite corner of the Soviet Embassy to the United Nations. They are considered a semi-secret organization whose 1966 Annual Report stated that members who do not adhere to its strict secrecy can be dropped from their membership. On the national level, the Business Advisory Council and the Pilgrim Society are groups which form the inner circle of the CFR, while on the international level it's the Bilderberg Group.
James P. Warburg (banker, economist, a member of FDR's brain trust, and son of Paul M. Warburg) of the CFR told a Senate Foreign Relations Committee on February 17, 1950:
"We shall have world government whether or not we like it. The only question is whether world government will be achieved by conquest or consent."
The Chicago Tribune printed an editorial on December 9, 1950 which said:
"The members of the Council are persons of much more than average influence in the community. They have used the prestige that their wealth, their social position, and their education have given them to lead their country towards bankruptcy and military debacle. They should look at their hands. There is blood on them -- the dried blood of the last war and the fresh blood of the present one."
They have only been investigated once and that was in 1954 by the Special House Committee to Investigate Tax-Exempt Foundations (the Reece Committee), who said that the CFR was "in essence an agency of the United States Government." The Committee discovered that their directives were aimed "overwhelmingly at promoting the globalistic concept."
A July, 1958 Harper's magazine article said:
"The most powerful clique in these (CFR) groups have one objective in common: they want to bring about the surrender of the sovereignty and the national independence of the U.S. They want to end national boundaries and racial and ethnic loyalties supposedly in increase business and ensure world peace. What they strive for would inevitably lead to dictatorship and loss of freedoms by the people. The CFR was founded for 'the purpose of promoting disarmament and submergence of U.S. sovereignty and national independence into an all-powerful one-world government'."
On September 1, 1961, The Christian Science Monitor printed the following statement: "The directors of the CFR make up a sort of Presidium [as in the Soviet Union] for that part of the Establishment that guides our destiny as a nation."
On December 23, 1961, columnist Edith Kermit Roosevelt (granddaughter of President Theodore Roosevelt) wrote in the Indianapolis News that CFR policies: "favor ... gradual surrender of United States sovereignty to the United Nations." Researcher Dan Smoot, a former FBI employee, said their goal was "to create a one-world Socialist system and make the United States an official part of it."
(See "The Invisible Government" by Dan Smoot, 1962)
Rep. John R. Rarick of Louisiana said in 1971:
"The CFR, dedicated to one-world government, financed by a number of the largest tax-exempt foundations, and wielding such power and influence over our lives in the areas of finance, business, labor, military, education and mass communication-media, should be familiar to every American concerned with good government and with preserving and defending the U.S. Constitution and our free-enterprise system. Yet, the nation's right-to-know machinery, the news media, usually so aggressive in exposures to inform our people, remain conspicuously silent when it comes to the CFR, its members and their activities.
The CFR is the Establishment. Not only does it have influence and power in key decision-making positions at the highest levels of government to apply pressure from above, but it also finances and uses individuals and groups to bring pressure from below, to justify the high level decisions for converting the U.S. from a sovereign Constitutional Republic into a servile member state of a one-world dictatorship."
Phyllis Schlafly and Rear Admiral Chester Ward, former Judge Advocate General of the Navy from 1956-60 who was a member of the CFR for 16 years, wrote in their 1975 book Kissinger on the Couch that the CFR's
"...purpose of promoting disarmament and submergence of U.S. sovereignty and national independence into an all-powerful one-world government is the only objective revealed to about 95 percent of 1,551 members (1975 figures). There are two other ulterior purposes that CFR influence is being used to promote; but it is improbable that they are known to more than 75 members, or that these purposes ever have even been identified in writing."
The book went on to say that the "most powerful clique in these elitist groups have one objective in common -- they want to bring about the surrender of the sovereignty and the national independence of the United States." Ward's indictment of the group revealed their methods:
"Once the ruling members of the CFR have decided that the U.S. Government should adopt a particular policy, the very substantial research facilities of CFR are put to work to develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new policy, and to confound and discredit, intellectually and politically, any opposition."
The published accounts of CFR activities greatly understate their power and influence on national and foreign policy. They have been called the "invisible government" or a front for the intellectual leaders who hope to control the world through the Fabian technique of "gradualism." Besides their involvement in the government, they hold key positions in all branches of the media, including the control or ownership of major newspapers, magazines, publishing companies, television, and radio stations.
The New York Times wrote:
"The Council's membership includes some of the most influential men in government, business, education and the press (and) for nearly half a century has made substantial contributions to the basic concepts of American foreign policy."
Newsweek called the Council's leadership the "foreign policy establishment of the U.S." Well-known political observer and writer Theodore White said: "The Council counts among its members probably more important names in American life than any other private group in the country." In 1971, J. Anthony Lukas wrote in the New York Times Magazine: "If you want to make foreign policy, there's no better fraternity to belong to than the Council."

The Fabians, the Round Table, and the Rhodes Scholars
The Rhodes-Milner group continues the Illuminati program

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The British East India Company (1600-1858) The British East India Company was a British commercial and political organization established in India in the late 1600's, which was known as the Governor and Company of Merchants of London. A forerunner of this group was the London Mercers Company, and earlier than that, the London Staplers. The organization traced their lineage back to the ancient commercial groups involved in trading between the Mediterranean and India. [1]
It was mainly organized for trading, but soon became an agent for British imperialism. Bending to government pressure, they reorganized in 1702. Every year, 24 Directors were elected by the Court of Proprietors (or shareholders, a majority of which were English Masons). They traded in cotton, tea, silk, and salt peter; and were accused of dealing with opium and participating in the slave trade. They virtually monopolized all trade from South India, the Persian Gulf, Southeast Asia and East Asia. [Their participation in the China opium trade and Opium Wars is documented. --ed]
Indian policy was influenced by the company from 1757 to 1773, when their power was broken by the 1773 Regulatory Act, and Pitt's India Act of 1784, finally ending their monopoly in 1813. When they ceased to exist in 1873, many of its shareholders were major financiers. The principals of this group perpetuated their elitist goals by establishing the Fabian Society.


The Fabian Socialist Society (1884- ) On October 24, 1883, in London, a group of 17 wealthy Socialists gathered to discuss a 'Fellowship of the New Life,' which was based on the writings of scholar Thomas Davidson, who hoped to start some sort of monastic order. The group included:
  • George Bernard Shaw
  • Graham Wallas, a classical scholar
  • Sidney James Webb, a civil servant and influential socialist
  • Edward Pease
  • Havelock Ellis
  • Frank Podmore
  • Annie Besant, a member of the Theosophical Society
  • John Galsworthy
  • R.H. Tawney
  • G.D.H. Cole
  • Harold Laski
  • Israel Cohen, a Jewish writer
  • Israel Zangwill (1864-1926), a Jewish playwright and novelist, who in 1910 wrote the play The Melting Pot, which was a propaganda play showing how Americans discriminated against Blacks and Jews.
Some of these people were also members of the Society for Psychichal Research, an organization dedicated to spiritualism research, which was founded in 1882. On November 7, 1883, this group met to discuss the establishment of an organization "whose ultimate aim shall be the reconstruction of Society in accordance with the highest moral possibilities." However, they split into two factions, and on January 4, 1884, one of the factions established a group known as the Fabian Society. On January 25th, one member, J. G. Stapleton, delivered their first lecture, called "Social Conditions in England, With a View to Social Reconstruction or Development." At a time when there were 30,000 Socialist voters, after a few weeks they only had 20 members. In April, 1884, their first publication was distributed, a four-page pamphlet called Why Are We Poor?
In May 1884, journalist George Bernard Shaw (1864-1926) joined and soon became the leading figure of the Fabians. He was a free-thinking Marxist-atheist writer whose plays contained socialistic references, an ideology he pursued after hearing a speech by American economist Henry George in 1882 and reading Marx's Das Kapital. (He later won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925).
In March, 1885, Sidney Webb (1859-1947), then a clerk from the Colonial Office, joined; and in 1886, so did Graham Wallas. Shaw, Webb, Wallas, and Sidney Oliver became known as the 'Big Four.' The other faction, known as 'The Fellowship,' continued for 15 years under Davidson, with members such J. Ramsey MacDonald (who later became Prime Minister), Edward Carpenter, and Havelock Ellis.
In 1884, John W. Martin and Rev. W. D. P. Bliss moved to Boston (MA), and established a magazine known as The American Fabian. The move was an unsuccessful effort to bring the Fabian's socialistic movement to New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Chicago.
In 1887, their pamphlet Facts for Socialists maintained that any person who knew the facts of Socialism, had no other choice but to be one. It was their best selling piece of propaganda. By 1889, 6500 tracts had been distributed, and 31 speakers had delivered 721 lectures. From 1891-92, there had been 3,339 lectures given by 117 Fabian members. Their membership rose to 400 by 1892, 681 in 1894, and 881 in 1899. They had 74 local chapters in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, Spain, Denmark, and Germany.
In 1895, Sidney Webb founded the London School of Economics, which became a branch of the University of London. Among its major contributors: the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust, and Mrs. Ernest Elmhirst, the widow of J. P. Morgan partner Willard Straight, who founded the socialist magazine New Republic.
In 1899, The Fabian Essays, the most noted work on Socialism, was written by seven influential members of the Society, and edited by George Bernard Shaw. It became the blueprint for socialistic legislation, and was later reprinted in 1908, 1920, 1931, and 1952.
In 1912, Webb established an independent journal called The New Statesman, and later became a leader in the Labour Party, writing Labor and the Social Order in 1918. He held several political offices, and was a disciple of John Stuart Mill, who served as the Secretary of the British East India Company.

H.G. Wells and the Open Conspiracy Fabian leaders were drawn to Herbert George Wells (1866-1946), and his ideas of the 'New Republic' which he described as "a sort of outspoken Secret Society ... an informal and open freemasonry," made up of the educated class, whose common goals would lead to the creation of a new World State, thus saving the human race from disaster. Known as the 'Prophet of Our Time' because of writing about many things before they came to be, in books like The Time Machine and War of the Worlds, Wells would give the Fabians the notoriety they needed. Edward Pease, Secretary of the Fabians, wrote to H. G. Wells on January 10, 1902, to say that Webb and his wife Beatrice, were the "pioneers of your New Republic."
Sponsored by Wallas and Shaw, Wells joined them in February, 1903. In his first lecture after joining, he said that the World State was a necessity. In his 1905 book, A Modern Utopia, he wrote of the World State taking control and creating a "sane order," and how they maintained a central records system in Paris which they used to keep track of every person on Earth and aided the state to eliminate the unfit.
Wells was unimpressed with the [effectiveness of the] Fabian organization, and called for expansion by raising money, getting new offices, appointing a new staff, and relaxing the guidelines for membership. He wanted to initiate an all-out propaganda campaign, and outlined his views in a paper called The Faults of the Fabians which dealt with the need for reorganization and why he wanted to change their name to the 'British Socialist Society.' His views were not shared by the Fabian inner circle, and in September, 1908, he resigned.
Wells maintained his socialistic views and in 1928 wrote The Open Conspiracy: Blueprints for a World Revolution which was an elaboration of ideas from his 1926 book The World of William Clissold, which gave a seven-point program for the development of the "new human community" and was inspired by the rise of Communism. These ideas had been fleshed out in his 1897 short story A Story of the Days to Come, and his 1901 book, Anticipations of the Reaction to Mechanical and Scientific Progress Upon Human Life and Thought.
The character, William Clissold, had called his project for world revolution, the "open conspiracy," which meant:
"...the establishment of the economic world-state by the deliberate invitation, explicit discussion, and cooperation of the men most interested in economic organization, men chosen by their work, called to it by a natural disposition and aptitude for it, fully aware of its importance and working with the support of an increasing general understanding ... It is not a project to overthrow existing governments by insurrectionary attacks, but to supersede them by disregard. It does not want to destroy them or alter their forms but to make them negligible by replacing their functions. It will respect them as far as it must. What is useful of them it will use; what is useless it will efface by its stronger reality; it will join issue only with what is plainly antagonistic and actively troublesome."
His plan was to be accomplished by "an intelligent minority ... without the support of the crowd and possibly in spite of its dissent..."
The Open Conspiracy was Wells' perspective of his New Republic, which represented a classless World State that controlled everything. Its establishment would be accomplished by "functional men, men of high natural intelligence and professional competence, who performed the creative and managerial work of the world." They were recruited from "the men and women whose knowledge, skill, creative gifts made them indispensable to modern society" who would "gradually have the reins of power into their hands." The revolution was to begin through the "formation of small groups of friends, family groups, groups of students and employees or other sorts of people meeting and conversing frequently in the course of normal occupations." They were to "enlarge themselves and attempt to establish communications with kindred groups for common ends."
He further elaborated:
"The Open Conspiracy will appear first, I believe, as a conscious organization of intelligent, and in some cases wealthy men, as a movement having distinct social and political aims, confessedly ignoring most of the existing apparatus of political control, or using it only as an incidental implement in the stages, a mere movement of a number of people in a certain direction, who will presently discover, with a sort of surprise, the common object toward which they are all moving. In all sorts of ways, they will be influencing and controlling the ostensible government."
He also wrote: "From the outset, the Open Conspiracy will set its face against militarism" in the sense that they will encourage "refusal to serve in any war (as conscientious objectors) ... For the furtherance of its aims, the Open Conspiracy may work in alliance with all sorts of movements and people ... (and) restricted movements will attend only to a portion of its program."
According to Wells, expansion would occur through:
"...branching and development ... (with) the Open Conspiracy as consisting of a great multitude and variety of overlapping groups, but now all organized for collective political, social and educational as well as propagandist action. They will recognize each other much more clearly than they did at first and they will have acquired a common name ... The character of the Open Conspiracy will now be plainly displayed. It will have become a great world movement as widespread and evident as Socialism and Communism. It will largely have taken the place of these movements. It will be more, it will be a world-religion. This large, loose, assimilatory mass of groups and societies will be definitely and obviously attempting to swallow up the entire population of the world and become the new human community."
Two years later, in a published article titled "The Banker," Wells even included the international banking houses in Clissold's "open conspiracy" through a three-point program that would by-pass governments by negotiating agreements stabilizing the currency, adjusting credit availability to control the fluctuation of business, and the withdrawal of credit to governments or armament industries who instigate an arms race.
It is obvious that Wells either based his writings on the actual plans of the Fabian elitists, or used his knowledge of what they had already done in order to formulate a theory of what they were going to do in the future. Since he did quit, were these writings meant to be an exposé or a warning, or was he just stating facts, daring people to try and stop them? We don't know his intent, but what we do know was that he was incredibly prophetic in his description of their methods. It would indeed be a 'blueprint' for the manner in which the Illuminati would entrench itself in our governmental affairs.
Edward Bernays, former head of CBS-TV and a friend of H.G. Wells, wrote in his 1928 book Propaganda:
"As civilization becomes more complex, and as the need for invisible government has been increasingly demonstrated, the technical means have been invented and developed by which public opinion may be regimented. With printing press and newspaper, the telephone, telegraph, radio and airplanes, ideas can be spread rapidly, and even instantaneously, across the whole of America."
These tools would be fully utilized to begin the destruction of America.
The secret goal of the Fabian Society was to create a godless, classless, socialistic society that was dedicated to the ultimate victory of Socialism which really meant Communism. In 1891, they became affiliated with the Second Socialist International (established in 1889), and helped establish a Democratic Socialist state in Great Britain.


The Fabian Strategy The aims of the Fabian Society were developed by Webb from what Englishman John Ruskin (1819-1900) taught at Oxford University. Ruskin, a teacher at the Working Men's College (founded in 1854 by Christian-Socialist philosopher J. F. D. Maurice), a professor of Fine Arts at Oxford, an artist and writer, based his views on those of Socialist Robert Owen. He advocated a utopian society, and espoused theories developed from the teachings of Plato (428-347 BC), who had studied under Socrates, and became the greatest philosopher in history. Plato established an academy which operated for 800 years, producing many great men, including Aristotle. In his work, The Republic, he outlined his ideal society, which was an aristocratic society ruled by the elite. It included the elimination of marriage and the family, and introduced selective breeding by the government which would destroy all inferior offspring. In Plato's utopia, sexual equality dictated that women would fight alongside the men in times of war.
The Fabians were working towards a new world by indoctrinating young scholars who would eventually rise to power in various policy-making positions throughout the world by infiltrating educational institutions, government agencies, and political parties. Their strategy was called the "doctrine of inevitability of gradualism," which meant that their goals would be gradually achieved. So gradual, that nobody would notice, or "without breach of continuity or abrupt change of the entire social issue." The secret was evolution, not revolution, or what Webb called "permeation." Shaw (whose mistress, Florence Farr, was a witch in the Order of the Golden Dawn), revealed that their goal was to be achieved by "stealth, intrigue, subversion, and the deception of never calling Socialism by its right name." In fact, that's how they got their name. The name originated from the Roman Consul, General Quintus Fabius Maximus, the Cunctator ('Delayer'), who through patient, cautious, delaying and elusive tactics during the early phases of the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) enabled the Roman army to regroup and defeat Hannibal's stronger Carthaginian army.
[snip]
In 1905, American Fabians established the Rand School of [Social Science] in New York City. On September 12, 1905, five of the Fabians met at Peck's Restaurant in New York's Lower Manhattan: Upton Sinclair (well-known author and socialist), Jack London (well-known fiction writer), Rev. Thomas Wentworth Higginson (a Unitarian minister), J.G. Phelps Stokes, and Clarence Darrow (legendary lawyer). They incorporated the Intercollegiate Socialist Society for the purpose of promoting "an intelligent interest in socialism among college men and women," and established chapters at Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, New York University, and the University of Pennsylvania. Their true purpose was to begin de-Christianizing America.
One of its founding members was John Dewey, the father of progressive education, whose philosophy consisted of "atheism, socialism and evolution." In 1921, they changed their name to the League for Industrial Democracy, whose purpose was "education for a new social order based on production for use and not for profit." They established a network of 125 chapters. Dewey would later serve as its Vice-President, and in 1941, became its President.
The Fabians had broken away from the Liberal Party in the 1890's and contributed to the founding of the Labor Representation Committee, which in 1906, became the Labour Party. Shaw called for "wire-pulling" the government in order to get Socialist measures passed. In 1918, the Labour Party adopted a program which implemented the ideas of Fabianism.
In 1931, the New Fabian Research Bureau was organized, joining the Fabian Society in 1938 to form a reorganized group. In 1940, the Colonial Bureau of the Fabian Society was established; and in 1941, the Fabian International Bureau was formed, which catered to international issues.
In December, 1942, the Fabians published the Beveridge Report, written by Sir William Beveridge (later made a Lord), who made a long list of promises to Britons, if they would accept his package of social reforms. In 1945, Fabian Socialists took control of the House of Commons, on the strength of the Report, and the Parliamentary Reforms, which had been published eleven years earlier by Sir Ivor Jennings. Within a few years, British industries and services were nationalized and put under government control, which now meant that the Rothschilds were able to control more, because all the banks were forced to use Bank of England notes, instead of their own.
At its peak in 1946, the Fabian Society had 8,400 members in 80 local chapters. Among their members: Bertrand Russell (philologist, mathematician and philosopher), (Pandit) Motilal Nehru (father of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharial Nehru, and leader of the Independence movement who founded the Swaraj, or 'self-rule' Party), and Ramsey MacDonald (Prime Minister of England in 1924, 1929-35). Nearly half of all Labour Party representatives of the Parliament in the House of Commons were members, along with most Party leaders.
Today, from their headquarters at 11 Dartmouth Street, in London, they spread their ideas among teachers, civil servants, politicians, union officials, and other influential people. They publish the Fabian Review magazine. They also hold meetings, lectures, conferences, and seminars; do research in political, economic, and social problems; and publish their findings and views in magazines, books and pamphlets. Their concentration has been mainly on reforms to social services and the nationalization of industry.


Cecil Rhodes and the Rhodes Scholarships Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902, South African financier, British statesman and industrialist, who wanted to make Africa a "British dominion from the Cape to Cairo"), with the financial support of Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild (1840-1915) and Alfred Beit, was able to control the diamond mines of South Africa with his De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd., by buying out the French Diamond Co. and then merging with the Barnato Diamond Mining Company. He eventually controlled the production of diamonds throughout the world. His Consolidated Gold Fields was also a prosperous gold mining operation. He made $5 million annually. [which was a huge sum in those days --ed]
In 1877, while still studying at Oxford (it took him 8 years because of having to run the diamond mines), he wrote the first of seven wills, in which each became a separate and legally binding document. It called for the establishment of:
"...a secret society with but one object -- the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole uncivilized world under British rule, for the recovery of the United States, (and) for ... making the Anglo-Saxon race but one Empire."
Frank Aydelotte, a founding member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Secretary to the Rhodes Trustees, wrote in his book, American Rhodes Scholarships:
"In his first will Rhodes states his aim still more specifically: 'The extension of British rule throughout the world ... the foundation of so great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible and promote the interests of humanity'."
When he died, his third will, drafted in 1888, called for the establishment of a trust, run by his son-in-law Lord Rosebury, a Rothschild agent, to administer his fortune. His seventh and last will, named Nathan Rothschild administrator of his estate, and established an educational grant known as the Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford University (which was controlled by the Fabians). The Scholarships provided a two-year program for young men, and later, women, from the United States, United Kingdom and Germany, to carry on the Illuminati conspiracy.
Among the more famous Rhodes Scholars:
  • Dean Rusk (CFR, Secretary of State, 1961-69)
  • Walt Whitman Rostow (Special Assistant for National Security Affairs, 1966-69)
  • Harlan Cleveland (Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs in the Kennedy administration, Ambassador to NATO under Presidents Johnson and Nixon)
  • Nicholas Katzenbach (CFR, U.S. Attorney General, 1965-66)

  • Sen. James William Fulbright (Arkansas, 1945-74)
  • Sen. Frank Church (Idaho, 1956-81)
  • Sen. Bill Bradley (New Jersey, 1979-97)
  • Sen. David Boren (Oklahoma, 1979-94, CFR)
  • Sen. Richard D. Lugar (Indiana, 1976-)
  • Sen. Larry Pressler (South Dakota, 1979-97, CFR, Phi-Beta-Kappa)
  • Sen. Paul Sarbanes (Maryland, 1977-)
  • Rep. Elliot H. Levitas (GA, 1975-85)
  • Rep. Carl Albert (OH, 1947-77, Speaker of the House from 1971-77)
  • Rep. John Brademas (IN, 1959-81, later New York University President)
  • Gov. Bill Clinton (Arkansas, 1979-81, 1983-92; President, 1993-2001; CFR, Trilateral Commission -- he didn't graduate from Oxford)
  • Gov. Richard Celeste (OH, 1983-91)
  • Supreme Court Justice Byron 'Whizzer' White (1962-93, also Phi Beta Kappa)
  • Brig. Gen. Pete Dawkins
  • Gen. Bernard W. Rogers (Supreme Commander of the NATO forces in Europe, 1979-87)
  • Gen. Wesley Clark (Supreme Commander of the NATO forces in Europe, 1997-2000)
  • Stansfield Turner (CIA Director, 1977-81)
  • R. James Woolsey (CFR, CIA Director, 1993-95)

  • Charles Collingwood (TV commentator)
  • Howard K. Smith (TV commentator)
  • George Jerome Goodman (writer known as 'Adam Smith')
  • Hedley Donovan (former Editor-in-Chief of Time magazine, later a senior advisor to President Carter)
  • Robert Penn Warren (Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and novelist, best known for his book All the King's Men).
The Rhodes fortune, through the Rhodes Scholarship Fund, has been used to promote the concept of globalism and one-world government. Up to 1953, out of 1,372 American Rhodes Scholars, 431 had positions in teaching and educational administration, 31 were college presidents, 113 had government positions, 70 held positions in the media, and 14 were executives in foundations.
Rhodes began developing his philosophy after hearing a speech by John Ruskin (1819-1900) at Christ Church at Oxford University, which espoused an opinion, which by extension, furthered the teaching found in Plato's Republic. Plato called for "...a ruling class with a powerful army to keep it in power and a society completely subordinate to the monolithic authority of the rulers."
Rhodes was also greatly influenced by Windom Reade's book The Martyrdom of Man, published in 1872, which advocated Darwinism and the tremendous suffering that man must undergo, which was epitomized in the phrase "the survival of the fittest." The book said that the "inevitable progress of man (was) to perfection." Rhodes incorporated this rationalization into his thinking.

The Rhodes-Milner Group (1891- ) Rhodes talked about starting an organization to preserve and extend the British Empire. He said in 1877:
"It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory ... more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses ... the absorption of the greater portion of the world under our rule simply means the end of all wars."
It was this mentality that fueled his desire to unite the world under one form of government. Using the Jesuits and the Masons as organizational models, Rhodes joined together with Rothschild agent Lord Alfred Milner (1854-1925) to form a secret group on February 5, 1891. The group included other Ruskin associates at Oxford such as:
  • Arnold Toynbee
  • Arthur Glazebrook
  • Sir George Parkin
  • Philip Lyttleton Gell
  • Sir Henry Birchenough
...along with a similar group at Cambridge, led by social reformer and journalist William T. Stead, which included:
  • Lord Reginald Baliol Brett
  • Sir John B. Seeley
  • Lord Albert Grey
  • Edmund Garrett
Their group had an Inner Circle, known as the 'Circle of Initiates,' led by Rhodes, and included an Executive Committee with Stead, Brett, and Milner, the chief Rhodes Trustee. Other members included Lord Arthur Balfour (British Foreign Secretary who wrote to Rothschild promising his support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine), Lord Lionel Walter Rothschild, Sir Harry Johnston, and Lord Albert Grey.


The Round Table Society (1910- ) The Outer Circle was known as the 'Association of Helpers,' but was not implemented until 1909-1913, when Milner established it as the Round Table organization. Their goal was to eventually establish a one-world government, which would be controlled by the international banking community, under the cloak of Socialism. They saw England, not as a European power, but as an Atlantic power, and wanted to have a federation of the English-speaking world, which would be controlled by them.
In 1897, British and American elitists met in order to come up with ways to accomplish Rhodes' plan to consolidate their respective governments, which would pave the way for a one-world government. On July 24, 1902, a secret organization known as the Pilgrim Society was started in London. Six months later, an American branch was established in New York. Funded by the Rhodes Foundation, they were instrumental in taking control of the Democratic Party in the United States.
While he was Governor-General and High Commissioner of South Africa from 1897-1905, Milner (one of the most influential men in the political and financial circles in England) began to recruit young men, mostly from Oxford and Toynbee Hall, to help run his Administration. They became known as "Milner's Kindergarten". With his backing, they were able to get jobs in influential positions in government and finance, where they became a dominant force in England's domestic and foreign policy.
Between 1909-1913, Milner, Lionel Curtis, Philip H. Kerr (Lord Lothian), and Sir William S. Marris used this group to establish semi-secret discussion and lobbying groups, known as Round Table Groups, in England; the main British dependencies: South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and India; and the United States. They were all controlled from England, and maintained contact through personal correspondence, frequent trips, and a quarterly journal begun in 1910, called The Round Table. The membership consisted of men who not only had a vast amount of political clout, but some who served in the highest levels of the British government.
Though they are still generally referred to as the "Illuminati", from this point on, the Round Table would be the group responsible for perpetuating the conspiracy to establish a one-world government. Members of the Round Table have also been referred to as the 'Committee of 300,' or the 'Olympians.'
Most members had private fortunes or were known financiers; however, it was the fortunes of Rhodes, Alfred Beit (1853-1906, the German financier from Frankfurt), Sir Abe Bailey (1864-1940), and the Astor family, that formed the core of their financial support. Since 1925, substantial contributions have come from the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust, J. P. Morgan, the Rockefeller and Whitney families, and associates of Lazard Brothers Bank and Morgan, Grenfell and Company (the London affiliate of Morgan).
The Round Table controlled the London Times newspaper, which was owned by the Astor Family, as well as publications in other countries.
Milner led the group until his death in 1925, when the leadership was taken over by Lionel Curtis, and then by Lord Robert H. Brand (brother-in-law of Lady Astor) until he died in 1963, when the leadership was passed to Adam D. Marris, the son of Sir Round Table, who was promoted to succeed Brand as managing director of Lazard Brothers Bank.
Lionel George Curtis (1872-1955), the British High Commissioner to South Africa and Secretary to Sir Milner, advocated British imperialism, and the establishment of a World State. He believed that "men should strive to build the Kingdom of Heaven here upon this earth, and that the leadership in that task must fall first and foremost upon the English-speaking peoples." In 1919, he established a front organization for the Round Table, known as the Royal Institute of International Affairs, which, after 1923, was headquartered at Chatham House (and is sometimes referred to as the Chatham House Study Group) at 10 St. James' Square in London.
From 1919-1927, there was an Institute of International Affairs started to cover all the Round Table Groups in the British dependencies, and the United States (where it is known as the Council on Foreign Relations), which was a front for J.P. Morgan and Co. who controlled a small American Round Table Group. They were funded by Sir Abe Bailey and the Astor Family. Today you'll find the Institut des Relations Internationales in Belgium, the Institute for International Affairs in the Netherlands, the Institute for International Affairs in Rome, the Norwegian Institute for Foreign Affairs, the French Institute of International Relations, the Australian Institute of International Affairs, and many others.
In June, 2002, the former royal butler, Paul Burrell, revealed to the Daily Mirror in London, that Queen Elizabeth II told him: "There are powers at work in this country about which we have no knowledge...".
Notes 1. Sidebar: Other Crown Chartered Companies
The British East India Company also spawned the London Company, which was chartered in 1606 by King James I, to establish the Virginia Plantation on a communistic basis and the Plymouth Colony (1621). In 1606, he also chartered the Virginia Company, a joint stock corporation made up of a group of London entrepreneurs, charged with establishing Jamestown, in the Chesapeake region of North America known as Virginia. It had the authority to appoint the Council of Virginia, the Governor, and other officials; and also had the responsibility to provide settlers, supplies, and ships for the venture. Although initially favorable, as the mortality rate rose, and the prospect for profit faded, the support for it began to decline. They resorted to lotteries, searching for gold, and silkworm production to increase their chances of making a profit. Although Great Britain controlled the colony through this company, because of the Indian Massacre of 1622, the Charter was revoked in 1624, and Virginia became a Crown colony.CFR Influence in Government, Media and Business
The pervasive influence of CFR members over all aspects of society

>> Follow links for timelines and related articles
CFR Influence in the U.S. Government From 1928-72, nine out of twelve Republican Presidential nominees were CFR members. From 1952-72, CFR members were elected four out of six times. During three separate campaigns, both the Republican and Democratic nominee were, or had been a member. Since World War II, practically every Presidential candidate, with the exception of Johnson, Goldwater, and Reagan, have been members.
In Sen. Barry Goldwater's 1979 memoir, With No Apologies, he wrote: "When a new President comes on board, there is a great turnover in personnel but no change in policy." That's because CFR members have held almost every key position in every Administration, from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Bill Clinton.
During that period, every Secretary of State (with the exception of Cordell Hull, James F. Byrnes, and William Rogers) has been a member. Every Secretary of Defense from the Truman Administration up to the Clinton Administration (with the exception of Melvin Laird) has been a member. Since 1920, most of the Treasury Secretaries have been members; and since the Eisenhower Administration, nearly all of the National Security Advisors have been members.
Curtis Dall wrote in his book, FDR: My Exploited Father-in-Law:
"For a long time I felt that FDR had developed many thoughts and ideas that were his own to benefit this country, the USA. But, he didn't. Most of his thoughts, his political 'ammunition' as it were, were carefully manufactured for him in advance by the CFR / One World money group."

NATO Commanders

The position of Supreme Allied Commander of NATO has usually been held by CFR members, including:
Most of the superintendents at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point have been CFR members.

Harry S. Truman Administration

Dwight Eisenhower Administration

When CFR member Dwight Eisenhower became President, he appointed six CFR members to his Cabinet, and twelve to positions of 'Under Secretary':

John F. Kennedy Administration

When CFR member John F. Kennedy became President, 63 of the 82 names on his list of prospective State Department officials were CFR members. John Kenneth Galbraith said: "Those of us who had worked for the Kennedy election were tolerated in the government for that reason and had a say, but foreign policy was still with the Council on Foreign Relations people." Among the more notable members in his Administration:
  • Dean Rusk (Secretary of State)
  • C. Douglas Dillon (Secretary of the Treasury)
  • Adlai Stevenson (U.N. Ambassador)
  • John McCone (CIA Director)
  • W. Averell Harriman (Ambassador-at-Large)
  • John J. McCloy (Disarmament Administrator)
  • Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)
  • John Kenneth Galbraith (Ambassador to India)
  • Edward R. Murrow (head of the U.S. Information Agency)
  • Arthur H. Dean (head of the U.S. Delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference)
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. (Special White House Assistant and noted historian)
  • Thomas K. Finletter (Ambassador to NATO and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development)
  • George Ball (Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs)
  • McGeorge Bundy (Special Assistant for National Security who went on to head the Ford Foundation)
  • Robert McNamara (Secretary of Defense)
  • Robert F. Kennedy (Attorney General)
  • Paul H. Nitze (Assistant Secretary of Defense)
  • Charles E. Bohlen (Assistant Secretary of State)
  • Walt W. Rostow (Deputy National Security Advisor)
  • Roswell Gilpatrick (Deputy Secretary of Defense)
  • Henry Fowler (Under Secretary of State)
  • Jerome Wiesner (Special Assistant to the President)
  • Angier Duke (Chief of Protocol).

Lyndon B. Johnson Administration

  • Roswell Gilpatrick (Deputy Secretary of Defense)
  • Walt W. Rostow (Special Assistant to the President)
  • Hubert H. Humphrey (Vice-President)
  • Dean Rusk (Secretary of State)
  • Henry Fowler (Secretary of the Treasury)
  • George Ball (Under Secretary of State)
  • Robert McNamara(Secretary of Defense)
  • Paul H. Nitze (Deputy Secretary of Defense)
  • Alexander B. Trowbridge (Secretary of Commerce)
  • William McChesney Martin (Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board)
  • Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor (Chairman of the Foreign Intelligence Board)

Richard M. Nixon Administration

Nixon appointed over 100 CFR members to serve in his Administration, including:
  • George Ball (Foreign Policy Consultant to the State Department)
  • Dr. Harold Brown (General Advisory Committee of the U.S. Committee of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the senior member of the U.S. delegation for SALT talks with Russia)
  • Dr. Arthur Burns (Chairman of the Federal Reserve)
  • C. Fred Bergsten (Operations Staff of the National Security Council)
  • C. Douglas Dillon (General Advisory Committee of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
  • Richard N. Cooper (Operations Staff of the National Security Council)
  • Gen. Andrew I. Goodpaster (Supreme Allied Commander in Europe)
  • John W. Gardner (Board of Directors, National Center for Volunteer Action)
  • Elliot L. Richardson (Under Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General; and Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare)
  • David Rockefeller (Task Force on International Development)
  • Nelson A. Rockefeller (head of the Presidential Mission to Ascertain the Views of Leaders in the Latin America Countries)
  • Rodman Rockefeller (Member of the Advisory Council for Minority Enterprise)
  • Dean Rusk (General Advisory Committee of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
  • Gerald Smith (Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
  • Cyrus Vance (General Advisory Committee of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
  • Richard Gardner (member of the Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy)
  • Sen. Jacob K. Javits (Representative to the 24th Session of the General Assembly of the U.N.)
  • Henry A. Kissinger (Secretary of State and Harvard professor who was Rockefeller's personal advisor on foreign affairs openly advocating a "New World Order")
  • Henry Cabot Lodge (Chief Negotiator of the Paris Peace Talks [Vietnam war])
  • Douglas MacArthur II (Ambassador to Iran)
  • John J. McCloy (Chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
  • Paul H. Nitze (senior member of the U.S. delegation for the talks with Russia on SALT)
  • John Hay Whitney (member of the Board of Directors for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting)
  • George P. Shultz (Secretary of the Treasury)
  • William Simon (Secretary of Treasury)
  • Stanley R. Resor (Secretary of the Army)
  • William E. Colby (Director of the CIA)
  • Peter G. Peterson (Secretary of Commerce)
  • James Lynn (Housing Secretary)
  • Paul McCracken (chief economic aide)
  • Charles Yost (U.N. Ambassador)
  • Harlan Cleveland (NATO Ambassador)
  • Jacob Beam (USSR Ambassador)
  • David Kennedy (Secretary of Treasury).

Gerald R. Ford Administration

When CFR member Gerald Ford became President, among some of the other CFR members:

Jimmy Carter Administration

President Carter (who became a CFR member in 1983) appointed over 60 CFR members to serve in his Administration:
  • Walter Mondale (Vice-President)
  • Zbigniew Brzezinski (National Security Advisor)
  • Cyrus R. Vance (Secretary of State)
  • W. Michael Blumenthal (Secretary of Treasury)
  • Harold Brown (Secretary of Defense)
  • Stansfield Turner (Director of the CIA)
  • Gen. David Jones (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)

Ronald Reagan Administration

There were 75 CFR and Trilateral Commission members under President Reagan:
  • Alexander Haig (Secretary of State)
  • George Shultz (Secretary of State)
  • Donald Regan (Secretary of Treasury)
  • William Casey (CIA Director)
  • Malcolm Baldridge (Secretary of Commerce)
  • Jeanne J. Kirkpatrick (U.N. Ambassador)
  • Frank C. Carlucci (Deputy Secretary of Defense)
  • William E. Brock (Special Trade Representative)

George H. W. Bush Administration

During his 1964 campaign for the U.S. Senate in Texas, George Bush said: "If Red China should be admitted to the U.N., then the U.N. is hopeless and we should withdraw." In 1970, as Ambassador to the U.N., he pushed for Red China to be seated in the General Assembly. When Bush was elected, the CFR member became the first President to publicly mention the "New World Order" and had in his Administration nearly 350 CFR and Trilateral Commission members:
  • Brent Scowcroft (National Security Advisor)
  • Richard B. Cheney (Secretary of Defense)
  • Colin L. Powell (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)
  • William Webster (Director of the CIA)
  • Richard Thornburgh (Attorney General)
  • Nicholas F. Brady (Secretary of Treasury)
  • Lawrence S. Eagleburger (Deputy Secretary of State)
  • Horace G. Dawson, Jr. (U.S. Information Agency and Director of the Office of Equal Opportunity and Civil Rights)
  • Alan Greenspan (Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board)

Bill Clinton Administration

When CFR member Bill Clinton was elected, Newsweek magazine would later refer to him as the "New Age President." In October, 1993, Richard Harwood, a Washington Post writer, in describing the Clinton Administration, said its CFR membership was "the nearest thing we have to a ruling establishment in the United States".
  • Albert Gore, Jr. (Vice-President)
  • Donna E. Shalala (Secretary of Health and Human Services)
  • Laura D. Tyson (Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors)
  • Alice M. Rivlin (Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget)
  • Madeline K. Albright (U.S. Ambassador to the U.N.)
  • Warren Christopher (Secretary of State)
  • Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. (Deputy Secretary of State and former Chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation)
  • Les Aspin (Secretary of Defense)
  • Colin Powell (Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff)
  • W. Anthony Lake (National Security Advisor)
  • George Stephanopoulos (Senior Advisor)
  • Samuel R. 'Sandy' Berger (Deputy National Security Advisor)
  • R. James Woolsey (CIA Director)
  • William J. Crowe, Jr. (Chairman of the Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board)
  • Lloyd Bentsen (former member, Secretary of Treasury)
  • Roger C. Altman (Deputy Secretary of Treasury)
  • Henry G. Cisneros (Secretary of Housing and Urban Development)
  • Bruce Babbit (Secretary of the Interior)
  • Peter Tarnoff (Under Secretary of State for International Security of Affairs)
  • Winston Lord (Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs)
  • Strobe Talbott (Aid Coordinator to the Commonwealth of Independent States)
  • Alan Greenspan (Chairman of the Federal Reserve System)
  • Walter Mondale (U.S. Ambassador to Japan)
  • Ronald H. Brown (Secretary of Commerce)
  • Franklin D. Raines (Economics and International Trade).

George W. Bush Administration

  • Richard Cheney (Vice President, former Secretary of Defense under President G.H.W. Bush)
  • Colin Powell (Secretary of State, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under Presidents Bush and Clinton)
  • Condoleeza Rice (National Security Advisor, former member of President Bush's National Security Council)
  • Robert B. Zoellick (U.S. Trade Representative, former Under Secretary of State in the Bush administration)
  • Elaine Chao (Secretary of Labor)
  • Brent Scowcroft (Chairman of the Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, former National Security Advisor to President Bush)
  • Richard Haass (Director of Policy Planning at the State Department and Ambassador at Large)
  • Henry Kissinger (Pentagon Defense Policy Board, former Secretary of State under Presidents Nixon and Ford)
  • Robert Blackwill (U.S. Ambassador to India, former member of President Bush's National Security Council)
  • Stephen Friedman (Sr. White House Economic Advisor)
  • Stephen Hadley (Deputy National Security Advisor, former Assistant Secretary of Defense under Cheney)
  • Richard Perle (Chairman of Pentagon Defense Policy Board, former Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Reagan administration)
  • Paul Wolfowitz (Assistant Secretary of Defense, former Assistant Secretary of State in the Reagan administration and former Under Secretary of Defense in the Bush administration)
  • Dov S. Zakheim (Under Secretary of Defense, Comptroller, former Under Secretary of Defense in the Reagan administration)
  • I. Lewis Libby (Chief of Staff for the Vice President, former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense).
The Christian Science Monitor said that "almost half of the Council members have been invited to assume official government positions or to act as consultants at one time or another."

CFR Influence in Education and the Media The Council accepts only American citizens, and has a membership of about 3,600, including influential bankers, corporate officers, and leading government officials who have been significantly affecting domestic and foreign policy for the past 30 years. Every [recent] member had been handpicked by David Rockefeller, who heads the inner circle of the CFR.
[snip]
Some of the CFR directors have been:
Some of the College Presidents that have been CFR members:
  • Michael I. Sovern (Columbia University)
  • Frank H. T. Rhodes (Cornell University)
  • John Brademus (New York University)
  • Alice S. Ilchman (Sarah Lawrence College)
  • Theodore M. Hesburgh (Notre Dame University)
  • Donald Kennedy (Stanford University)
  • Benno J. Schmidt, Jr. (Yale University)
  • Hanna Holborn Gray (University of Chicago)
  • Stephen Muller (Johns Hopkins University)
  • Howard R. Swearer (Brown University)
  • Donna E. Shalala (University of Wisconsin)
  • John P. Wilson (Washington and Lee University).
Among the members of the media who have been in the CFR:
  • William Paley (CBS)
  • Dan Rather (CBS)
  • Harry Reasoner (CBS)
  • Roone Arledge (ABC)
  • Bill Moyers (NBC)
  • Tom Brokaw (NBC)
  • John Chancellor (NBC)
  • Marvin Kalb (CBS)
  • Irving Levine
  • David Brinkley (ABC)
  • John Scali
  • Barbara Walters (ABC)
  • William Buckley (PBS, National Review)
  • George Stephanopoulos
  • Daniel Schorr (CBS)
  • Robert McNeil (PBS)
  • Jim Lehrer (PBS)
  • Diane Sawyer
  • Hodding Carter III
Some of the major newspapers, news services and media groups that have been controlled or influenced by the CFR:
  • New York Times (Sulzbergers, James Reston, Max Frankel, Harrison Salisbury)
  • Washington Post (Frederick S. Beebe, Katherine Graham, Osborne Elliott)
  • Wall Street Journal
  • Boston Globe
  • Baltimore Sun
  • Chicago Sun-Times
  • L.A. Times Syndicate
  • Houston Post
  • Minneapolis Star-Tribune
  • Arkansas Gazette
  • Des Moines Register and Tribune
  • Louisville Courier
  • Associated Press
  • United Press International
  • Reuters News Service
  • Gannett Co. (publisher of USA Today and 90 other daily papers plus 40 weeklies; and also owns 15 radio stations, 8 TV stations, and 40,000 billboards).
In 1896, Aldolph Ochs bought the New York Times, with the financial backing of J.P. Morgan (CFR), August Belmont (Rothschild agent), and Jacob Schiff (of Kuhn, Loeb and Co.). It later passed to the control of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, who was also a CFR member. Eugene Meyer, a CFR member, bought the Washington Post in 1933. [It was later] run by his daughter, Katherine Graham, also a member of the CFR.
Some of the magazines that have been controlled or influenced by the CFR:
  • Time, Inc. founded by CFR member Henry Luce and Hedley Donovan, which publishes Time, Fortune, Life, Money, People, Entertainment Weekly, and Sports Illustrated
  • Newsweek (owned by the Washington Post, W. Averell Harriman, Roland Harriman, and Lewis W. Douglas)
  • Business Week
  • U.S. News and World Report
  • Saturday Review
  • National Review
  • Reader's Digest
  • Atlantic Monthly
  • McCall's
  • Forbes
  • Look
  • Harper's Magazine
Some of the publishers that have been controlled or influenced by the CFR:
  • Macmillan
  • Random House
  • Simon & Schuster
  • McGraw-Hill
  • Harper Brothers
  • Harper & Row
  • Yale University Press
  • Little Brown & Co.
  • Viking Press
  • Cowles Publishing.


CFR Affiliated Organizations and Corporations G. Gordon Liddy, former Nixon staffer, who later became a talk show pundit, laughed off the idea of a "New World Order", saying that there are so many different organizations working toward their own goals of a one-world government, that they cancel each other out. Not the case. You have seen that their tentacles are very far reaching, as far as the government and the media. However, as outlined below, you will see that the CFR has a heavy cross membership with many groups; as well as a cross membership among the directorship of many corporate boards, and this is a good indication that their efforts are concerted.
Some of the organizations and think-tanks that have been controlled or influenced by the CFR:
  • Brookings Institute
  • RAND Corporation
  • American Assembly
  • Foreign Policy Association (co-founded by CFR member Raymond Fosdick)
  • World Affairs Council
  • Business Advisory Council
  • Committee for Economic Development
  • National Foreign Trade Council
  • National Bureau of Economic Research
  • National Association of Manufacturers
  • National Industrial Conference Board
  • Americans for Democratic Action
  • Hudson Institute
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Institute for Defense Analysis
  • World Peace Foundation
  • United Nations Association
  • National Planning Association
  • Center for Inter-American Relations
  • Free Europe Committee
  • Atlantic Council of the U.S. (founded in 1961 by CFR member Christian Herter)
  • Council for Latin America
  • National Committee on U.S.-China Relations
  • African-American Institute
  • Middle East Institute
Some of the many companies that have been controlled or influenced by the CFR:
  • Morgan, Stanley
  • Kuhn, Loeb
  • Lehman Brothers
  • Bank of America
  • Chase Manhattan Bank
  • J. P. Morgan and Co.
  • First National City Bank
  • Brown Brothers, Harriman and Co.
  • Bank of New York
  • CitiBank/Citicorp
  • Chemical Bank
  • Bankers Trust of New York
  • Manufacturers Hanover
  • Morgan Guaranty
  • Merrill Lynch
  • Equitable Life
  • New York Life
  • Metropolitan Life
  • Mutual of New York
  • Prudential Insurance
  • Phillips Petroleum
  • Chevron
  • Exxon
  • Mobil
  • Atlantic-Richfield (Arco)
  • Texaco
  • IBM
  • Xerox Corporation
  • AT&T
  • General Electric
  • ITT Corporation
  • Dow Chemical
  • E. I. du Pont
  • BMW of North America
  • Mitsubishi
  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • General Motors
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Chrysler
  • U.S. Steel
  • Proctor and Gamble
  • Johnson and Johnson
  • Estee Lauder
  • Avon Products
  • R. J. R. Nabisco
  • R. H. Macy
  • Federated Department Stores
  • Gimbel Brothers
  • J. C. Penney Company
  • Sears, Roebuck and Company
  • May Department Stores
  • Allied Stores
  • American Express
  • PepsiCo
  • Coca Cola
  • Pfizer
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Hilton Hotels
  • American Airlines
In September, 1922, when the CFR began publishing its quarterly magazine, Foreign Affairs, the editorial stated that its purpose was "to guide American opinion." By 1924, it had "established itself as the most authoritative American review dealing with international relations." This highly influential magazine has been the leading publication of its kind, and has a circulation of over 75,000. Reading this publication can be highly informative as to the views of its members. For instance, the Spring, 1991 issue, called for a U.N. standing army, consisting of military personnel from all the member nations, directly under the control of the U.N. Security Council.
A major source of their funding (since 1953), stems from providing a "corporate service" to over 100 companies for a minimum fee of $1,000, that furnishes subscribers with inside information on what is going on politically and financially, both internationally and domestically; by providing free consultation, use of their extensive library, a subscription to Foreign Affairs, and by holding seminars on reports and research done for the Executive branch. They also publish books and pamphlets, and have regular dinner meetings to allow speakers and members to present positions, award study fellowships to scholars, promote regional meetings and stage round-table discussion meetings.
Since the Council on Foreign Relations has been able to infiltrate our government, it is no wonder that our country has been traveling on the course that it has. The moral, educational and financial decline of this nation has been no accident. It has been due to a carefully contrived plot on behalf of these conspirators, who will be satisfied with nothing less than a one-world government. And it is coming to that. As each year goes by, the momentum is picking up, and it is becoming increasingly clear, what road our government is taking. The proponents of one-world government are becoming less secretive, as evidenced by George Bush's talk of a "New World Order." The reason for that is that they feel it is too late for their plans to be stopped. They have become so entrenched in our government, our financial structure, and our commerce, that they probably do control this country, if not the world. In light of this, it seems that it will be only a matter of time before their plans are fully implemented.

The Brookings Institution The Brookings Institution was established by St. Louis tycoon and philanthropist, Robert Somers Brookings (1850-1932). At the age of 21, Brookings had become a partner in Cupples and Marston (a manufacturer of woodenware and cordage), which, ten years later, under his leadership, expanded and flourished. In 1896, at the age of 46, he retired to devote his duties towards higher education, and became President of Washington University's Board of Trustees, which, through the next twenty years, turned into a major university.
He was one of the original Trustees of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and a consultant to the Commission on Economy and Efficiency during the Taft Administration. In 1917, he was appointed to President Wilson's War Industries Board which had the responsibility of receiving and distributing the supplies needed by the military, later becoming Chairman of its Price Fixing Committee responsible for negotiating prices for all goods purchased by the Allied governments, which gave him a key role in the Wilson Administration.
At the age of 70, he took over the leadership of the Institute for Government Research (IGR), founded by lawyer and economist Frederick A. Cleveland in 1916, and raised $750,000 from 92 corporations and a dozen private citizens to get it moving. Their first project was to push for legislation creating a federal budget, which was successful. The first U.S. Budget Director, under President Harding, was Charles G. Dawes, who relied heavily on the IGR's staff. The Institute was also involved in civil service reform legislation in the 1920's. Among their members: Supreme Court Chief Justice William Howard Taft (who was Chief Justice from 1921-30, after his Presidential term), Herbert Hoover (President, 1929-32), and Elihu Root.
Brookings decided that economics was the biggest issue, and not the administrative aspects that the Institute was covering, so in June, 1922, with a $1,650,000 grant from the Carnegie Corporation, he established the Institute of Economics to represent the interests of the labor unions and the general public. In 1924, he established the Robert S. Brookings School of Economics and Government (an outgrowth of Washington University in St. Louis), to allow doctoral students to spend time in Washington, D.C. to work on the staffs of the IGR and the Institute of Economics.
In 1927, he merged all three organizations to form the Brookings Institution, whose purpose was to train future government officials. He put $6 million, and 36 years of his life, into the nonpartisan, nonprofit center, which analyze government problems, and issue statistical reports. They produce an annual report, Setting National Priorities, which analyzes the President's budget.
Their headquarters is an eight story building, eight blocks from the White House, at 1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW. They have a staff of about 250, including about 45 senior fellows and 19 research associates. Salaries go as high a $40,000 a year.
After serving close to ten years in the State Department, Leo Pasvolsky returned to the Brookings Institution in 1946, along with six other members of the State Department. With the financial backing of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, and the Mellon Trust, Pasvolsky initiated an International Studies Group which developed the basis for the Marshall Plan to aid the European war recovery efforts.
In 1951, the Chicago Tribune said that the Brookings Institution had created an "elaborate program of training and indoctrination in global thinking," and that most of its scholars wind up as policy makers in the State Department. Truman was the first President to turn to them for help. In 1941, he named Brookings Vice President Edwin Nouse as the first Chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisors. Kennedy and Johnson appointed many of their members to key posts. Carter's foreign policy became a resting place for the many of the group's recommendations.
President Johnson said that the purpose of his 'Great Society' legislation was to "try to take all of the money that we think is unnecessarily being spent and take it from the 'haves' and give it to the 'have-nots' that need it so much." Ralph Epperson, author of The Unseen Hand, one of the best books about the Master Conspiracy, said that Johnson was a "closet Communist."
Another well-known researcher, John Coleman, said that the Brookings Institution had developed and drafted the Great Society programs which were
"in every detail, simply lifted from Fabian Socialist papers drawn up in England. In some instances, Brookings did not even bother to change the titles of the Fabian Society papers. Once such instance was using 'Great Society,' which was taken directly from a Fabian Socialist paper from the same title."
After Socialist leader Eugene Debs died in 1926, Socialist Norman Thomas, who graduated from and was ordained by the Union Theological Seminary, became the leader of the Socialist Party, running for President six times. Thomas was happy with Johnson's vision and said: "I ought to rejoice and I do. I rub my eyes in amazement and surprise. His war on poverty is a Socialistic approach..."
Republicans regard the Brookings Institution as the "Democratic government-in-exile," yet, Nixon appointed Herbert Stein, a Brookings scholar, to be Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors. The Nixon Administration, who at one time had considered bombing the Brookings Institution in order to allow the FBI to seize their documents, had considered the idea of a "Brookings Institution for Republicans" to offset the liberalism of Brookings. They thought of calling it the Institute for an Informed America, or the Silent Majority Institute. E. Howard Hunt, of Watergate fame, was to be its first Director, but he wanted to turn it into a center for covert political activity.
The role of the "conservative Brookings" was taken by an existing research center called the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, which was founded in 1943 by Louis H. Brown (Chairman of the Board at Johns-Manville Corporation), to promote free enterprise ideas. During the early sixties, they shortened their name to the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), and later received a lot of financial support during the Nixon and Ford Administrations, when the organization became a pool from which they drew their advisors. When Carter was elected, the AEI became a haven for many Republican officials, including President Gerald Ford, and William E. Simon, the Secretary of Treasury.

The Committee for Economic Development In 1941, Paul Gray Hoffman, President of the Studebaker Company and a Trustee of the University of Chicago, along with Robert Maynard Hutchins and William Benton, the University's President and Vice President, organized the American Policy Commission to apply the work of the University's scholars and economists to government policy. They later merged with an organization established in 1939 by Fortune magazine called the Fortune Round Table.
Starting out as a group of business, labor, agricultural, and religious leaders, they soon evolved into an Establishment organization, with such members as: Ralph McCabe (head of Scott Paper Co.), Henry Luce (Editor-in-Chief and co-founder of Time, Life, and Fortune magazines), Ralph Flanders (a Boston banker), Marshall Field (Chicago newspaper publisher), Clarence Francis (head of General Foods), Ray Rubicam (an advertising representative), and Beardsley Ruml (treasurer of Macy's Department Store in New York City, former Dean of Social Sciences at the University of Chicago, and Chairman of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, whose idea it was to deduct taxes from your paycheck).
At the beginning of World War II, Hoffman and Benton approached Jesse Jones, the Secretary of Commerce, with an idea for an 'American Policy Commission' to "analyze, criticize, and challenge the thinking and policies of business, labor, agriculture, and government," which Jones accepted and began to organize with their help. On September 3, 1942, the Committee for Economic Development (CED) was incorporated in Washington, D.C. (2000 L Street NW, Suite 700) to:
"...foster, promote, conduct, encourage, and finance scientific research, education, training, and publication in the broad field of economics in order that industry and commerce may be in a position, in the postwar period, to make their full contribution to high and secure standards of living for people in all walks of life through maximum employment and high productivity in our domestic economy; to promote and carry out these objects, purposes, and principles in a free society without regard to, and independently of the special interests of any group in the body politic, either political, social, or economic."
Basically, their work centered around how to prepare the U.S. economy for a smooth transition from a wartime to a peacetime environment without the occurrence of a major depression or recession. A 1944 CED Report, International Trade and Domestic Employment, by Duke University Professor Calvin B. Hoover, helped push the United States into the International Monetary Fund, which was laid out at the Bretton Woods Conference in June, 1944, by chief negotiators Harry Dexter White (of the CFR) and John Maynard Keynes (of the Fabian Society); and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), which both became part of the United Nations. It also helped motivate Establishment backing for what later emerged as the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs. About three years later, their report on An American Program of European Economic Cooperation was eventually developed into the strategy for European recovery that became part of the Marshall Plan. In fact, Hoffman, who became the first CED Chairman, later headed the Federal agency that administered the Marshall Plan.
After the War, while Hoover was on leave from Duke University, he worked with Hoffman to develop what eventually became known as the Marshall Plan. The group's later work laid the groundwork for regional government in the United States.The Bilderberg Group
The origins and influence of the premier international policy planning group
>> Follow links for timelines and related articles
The Founding of the "Bilderberg Group" Dr. Joseph H. Retinger (economist, political philosopher, communist Poland's Charge d'Affaires, and a major proponent of a united Europe) along with Prince Bernhard (of Lippe-Biesterfeld) of the Netherlands, Colin Gubbins  (former director of the British Special Operations Executive), and Gen. Walter Bedell Smith (former U.S. Ambassador to Moscow and director of the CIA, who later became an Under Secretary of State in the Eisenhower Administration), joined together in 1954 to organize this secretive policy group. Their first meeting was held at the Hotel de Bilderberg (hence the name of the group, even though they have referred to themselves as 'The Alliance') in Oosterbeek, Holland, from May 29-31, in 1954.
(Smith said when he took over the CIA: "We can't lick world communism; no counterinsurgency plans will work. We must compromise and co-exist with communism.")
Created under the direction of Alastair Buchan (son of Lord Tweedsmuir, and Chairman of the Royal Institute of International Affairs), its governing council was made up of:
Lord [Victor Rothschild] and Laurance Rockefeller handpicked 100 of the world's elite. Their purpose was to regionalize Europe, according to Giovanni Agnelli the head of Fiat [in Italy], who said: "European integration is our goal and where the politicians have failed, we industrialists hope to succeed." In Alden Hatch's biography of Bernhard, he stated that the Bilderberg Group gave birth to the European Community (now the European Union). Their ultimate goal is to have a one-world government.
Charles Douglas Jackson (Vice President of Time magazine, delegate to the United Nations, Special Assistant to the President, and later publisher of Life magazine), spokesman for the American delegation led by David Rockefeller, promised those present: "Whether he [Sen. Joseph McCarthy] dies by an assassin's bullet, or is eliminated in the normal American way of getting rid of boils on the body politic, I prophecy that by the time we hold our next meeting, he will be gone from the American scene." McCarthy was the crusading Senator who revealed that Communists had infiltrated high level posts within the U.S. Government; he [died in] 1957.
Meetings of the Bilderberg Group The Bilderberg Group holds annual meetings in locations all over the world. In Europe, the Rothschilds have hosted some of the meetings, while the meetings in 1962 and 1973, in Saltsjobaden, Sweden, were hosted by the Wallenbergs (who had an estimated fortune of $10 billion). [Members of the group] have a heavy cross-membership with the Council on Foreign Relations (which they control), the English Speaking Union, the Pilgrim Society, the Round Table, and the Trilateral Commission.
The meetings were [originally] chaired by the German-born Prince Bernhard, the husband of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, said to be the richest woman in the world (because of her partnership with Baron Victor Rothschild in the Royal Dutch Shell Oil Co., owning 5% of the stock, which in 1978 was worth $425 million; and also holds stock in Exxon), until he was forced to resign in August, 1976 because of his involvement in the Lockheed Aircraft bribery scandal, and his extramarital affairs. Bernhard wrote:
"Here comes our greatest difficulty. For the governments of the free nations are elected by the people, and if they do something the people don't like they are thrown out. It is difficult to reeducate the people who have been brought up on nationalism to the idea of relinquishing part of their sovereignty to a supernational body..."
Walter Scheel of Germany took over as Chairman, and then it was Britain's Lord Carrington, who is on the Board of the Hambros Bank.
Bilderberg policy is carried out by a 35 member Bilderberg Steering Committee, including an inner circle known as an Advisory Committee, which is said to be made up of Giovanni Agnelli (Italy), David Rockefeller (U.S.), Eric Roll (Great Britain), and Otto Wolff von Amerongen (Germany). Some of the Steering Committee members [have been]:
All American members of the Steering Committee are members of the CFR. A few of the Bilderberg permanent U.S. members are: George W. Ball, Gabriel Hauge, Richard C. Holbrooke, Winston Lord, Bill Moyers, and Paul Wolfowitz.
The permanent Bilderberg Secretariat is located at: 1 Smidswater, the Hague, the Netherlands (though another address is sometimes reported at 2301 Da Leiden, in the Netherlands) Their address in America was at 345 E. 46th Street, in New York City (which was also the location of the Trilateral Commission and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace). The American Friends of Bilderbergs, with offices at 477 Madison Avenue (6th floor) in New York City, is an IRS-approved charitable organization that received regular contributions from the likes of Exxon, Arco, and IBM; while their meetings are funded by the Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, and the Carnegie Endowment fund.
There are about 120 participants that are invited to the Bilderberg meetings, of whom about two-thirds come from Europe and the rest are from North America; and about one-third are from government and politics, and the other two-thirds are from the fields of finance, industry, labor, education, communications. The meetings are closed to the public and the press, although a brief press conference is usually held at the conclusion of each meeting, to reveal in general terms some of the topics which were discussed. The resort areas and hotels where they meet are cleared of residents and visitors, and surrounded by soldiers, armed guards, the Secret Service, State and local police. All conference and meeting rooms are scanned for bugging devices before every single meeting.
Among those who have attended their meetings:

From the United States:

  • Dean Acheson (Secretary of State under Truman)
  • Allen Dulles (CIA director)
  • Owen Lattimore (CFR, former Director of Planning and Coordination for the State Department)
  • Christian Herter (Secretary of State under Eisenhower)
  • Gabriel Hauge (Assistant to President Eisenhower, later Chairman of Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co.)
  • George F. Kennan (former U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union)
  • Dean Rusk (Kennedy's Secretary of State, former President of the Rockefeller Foundation)
  • Robert S. McNamara (Kennedy's Secretary of Defense and former President of the World Bank)
  • C. Douglas Dillon (Secretary of Treasury in the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations, from Dillon, Read and Co.)
  • George Ball (CFR, Johnson's Under Secretary of State, foreign policy consultant to Nixon)
  • Henry A. Kissinger (Secretary of State under Nixon; Chairman, Kissinger Associates)
  • Donald H. Rumsfeld (President Ford's and George W. Bush's Secretary of Defense)
  • Zbigniew Brzezinski (Carter's National Security Advisor)
  • Cyrus Vance (Secretary of State under Carter)
  • Philip Jessup (representative to the International Court)
  • Winston Lord (CFR, Clinton's Assistant Secretary of State)
  • Alan Greenspan (Chairman, Federal Reserve System)

  • Gerald Ford
  • Sen. Walter Mondale (later Vice President under Carter)
  • Sen. William J. Fulbright (from Arkansas, a Rhodes Scholar)
  • Sen. Henry M. Jackson
  • Sen. Jacob J. Javits (NY)
  • Sen. Adlai Stevenson III
  • Sen. Charles Mathias (MD)
  • Sen. Lloyd Bentsen (Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, Secretary of the Treasury under Bill Clinton).
  • Rep. Thomas S. Foley (former Speaker of the House)
  • Rep. Donald F. Fraser
  • Rep. Henry S. Reuss
  • Rep. Donald W. Riegle

  • Gen. Walter Bedell Smith
  • Gen. Andrew J. Goodpaster (former Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, and later superintendent of the West Point Academy)
  • Gen. Alexander Haig (NATO Commander, former assistant to Kissinger, later became Secretary of State under Reagan)
  • Lt. Gen. John W. Vogt (former Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)

  • David Rockefeller (Member, J.P. Morgan International Council)
  • Nelson Rockefeller (Vice President under Gerald Ford)
  • Laurance Rockefeller
  • James Rockefeller (Chairman, First National City Bank)
  • John D. Rockefeller IV (Governor of West Virginia, now U.S. Senator)
  • Henry J. Heinz II (Chairman of the H. J. Heinz Co.)
  • Robert O. Anderson (Chairman of Atlantic-Richfield Co. and head of the Aspen Institute for Humanisitic Studies)
  • Henry Ford III (head of the Ford Motor Co.)
  • Paul H. Nitze

  • Thomas L. Hughes (President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)
  • Joseph Johnson (President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)
  • William P. Bundy  (former President of the Ford Foundation, and editor of the CFR's Foreign Affairs journal)
  • Shepard Stone (Director of International Affairs for the Ford Foundation)
  • Paul G. Hoffman (of the Ford Foundation, U.S. Chief of Foreign Aid, and head of the U.N. Special Fund)
  • John J. McCloy (former President of the Chase Manhattan Bank)
  • Eugene Black (former President of the World Bank)

  • Bill Moyers (journalist)
  • William F. Buckley (editor of National Review)
  • Paul B. Finney (editor of Fortune magazine)
  • Gardner Cowles (Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of Look magazine)
  • Arthur Taylor (former Chairman of CBS-TV)
  • Father Theodore M. Hesburgh (former President of Notre Dame University)
  • David J. McDonald (President of the United Steelworkers Union)

From Great Britain and Canada:

  • Prince Phillip (of Great Britain, husband of Queen Elizabeth II)
  • Lord Louis Mountbatten
  • Denis Healy (former British Defense Minister)
  • Edward Heath (Prime Minister of England)
  • Harold Wilson (Prime Minister of England)
  • Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister of England)

  • Lester Pearson (former Prime Minister of Canada)
  • Donald S. MacDonald (Canadian Minister of National Defense)

From Europe:

  • Baron Edmond de Rothschild
  • Manlio Brosio (Secretary-General of NATO)
  • Dirk U. Stikker (Secretary-General of NATO)
  • Valery Giscard d'Estang (President of France)
  • Helmut Schmidt (Chancellor of West Germany)
  • Prince Claus (of the Netherlands)
  • Paul van Zeeland (Prime Minister of Belgium)

  • Giovanni Agnelli (Chairman of Fiat in Italy)
  • Otto Wolff (German industrialist)
  • Wilfred S. Baumgartner (Bank of France)
  • Guido Carli (Bank of Italy)
  • Marcus Wallenberg (Chairman of Stockholm's Enskiida Bank)
  • Pierce Paul Schweitzer (Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund)
  • Imbriani Longo (Director-General of the Banco Nationale del Lavoro in Italy)
Bilderberg Group Influence on Public Policy The "Goals 2000" program, developed during the presidency of George H.W. Bush to revamp the nation's public school system, was born at the April, 1970, Bilderberger meeting in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland. The purpose of the new educational philosophy was the "subordination of national ambitions to the idea of the international community." Because our schools are "too nationalistic," children, in the future, will be indoctrinated to consider themselves "world citizens."
Prior to the 1971 meeting in Woodstock, Virginia, Prince Bernhard said that the subject of the meeting was the "change in the world role of the United States." After the weekend conference, Kissinger was sent to Red China to open up trade relations, and an international monetary crisis developed, which prompted the devaluing of the dollar by 8.57% (which made a tremendous profit for those who converted to the European Currency).
In 1976, fifteen representatives from the Soviet Union attended the meeting which was held in the Arizona desert, and it was believed that at that time the plans were formulated for the "break-up of communism in the Soviet Union."
At the 1978 meeting, they predicted that a depression would hit the world in 1979, and that the dollar would die. Their solution was to replace the dollar with an international 'Bancor' system (international bank note) of currency that would be universally acceptable as a medium of exchange. The 'Bancor' system would have the international gold reserve deposited in a neutral country. It is an offshoot of the same Keynesian system developed at Bretton Woods in 1944 from the idea by German economist Julius Wolf in 1892. This system would protect the Illuminati when they spring their trap, and the world economy would crumble.
At their 1990 meeting at Glen Cove, Long Island in New York, they decided that taxes had to be raised to pay more towards the debt owed to the International Bankers. And George Bush, who pledged during the campaign, "Read my lips -- No new taxes!" found himself signing one of the biggest tax increases in history on November 15, 1990, a move which was a contributing factor to his defeat when he ran for re-election.
At their 1991 meeting at the Black Forest resort in Baden Baden, Germany, they discussed plans for a common European currency and European central banking; and reviewed Middle Eastern events and developments in the Soviet Union. David Rockefeller said during the meeting:
"We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time magazine, and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years ... It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subject to the bright lights of publicity during these years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supernational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries."
Then Governor of Arkansas, Bill Clinton (a Rhodes Scholar, who attended Oxford University in England), was invited to speak and a decision was made to endorse his candidacy (according to Jim Tucker, a Spotlight reporter, who had a source within the group). No wonder Clinton was able to survive all the media attacks regarding his personal life and lack of experience. One of his top money men was investor and international banker Jackson Stephens, who also donated $100,000 to the Bush campaign. His wife was the Co-Chairwoman of the national "Bush for President" organization in 1988.
Also in attendance were Michael Boskin, Chairman of Bush's Council of Economic Advisors, who was a speaker; Nicholas Brady, U.S. Treasury Secretary; and Vice President Dan Quayle, who impressed the group enough that there was talk of supporting him for the Republican nomination in 1996. In fact, after the meeting, Bilderberg member Katherine Graham, head of the Washington Post, published a series of positive articles on Quayle.
At their 1992 meeting, the group discussed the possibility of "conditioning the public to accept the idea of a U.N. army that could, by force, impose its will on the internal affairs of any nation." Henry Kissinger, who attended the meeting, said:
"Today, Americans would be outraged if U.N. forces entered Los Angeles to restore order. Tomorrow, they will be grateful."
The official press release for their 2002 Conference said: "Bilderberg's only activity is its annual Conference. At the meetings, no resolutions are proposed, no votes taken, and no policy statements issued." They are just "...a small flexible, informal and off-the-record international forum in which different viewpoints can be expressed and mutual understanding enhanced." However, Phyllis Schlafly wrote in A Choice Not An Echo that the Bilderbergers are a "little clique of powerful men who meet secretly and plan events that appear to 'just happen'."

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