wicked jesuit general Claudio Acquaviva
Location Atri, Italy
Position Superior General of Jesuits 1581 - 1615
Died January 31, 1615
Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption UCA[E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1] also known as Fri, 21 Dec 2012.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Claudio Acquaviva was born at Atri (Teramo) Italy, the youngest son of nobleman Giovanni Antonio Donato d'Aragona, the Duke of Atri.
After initial studies of humanities (Latin, Greek and Hebrew) and Mathematics, he studied Jurisprudence in Perugia, and then he was appointed as Papal Chamberlain by the Pope Pius IV (1559-1565).
On the death of Pope Pius IV on December 9, 1565, the de' Medici, Farnese and Borja aligned Papal families once again found themselves against the interests of Naples and the other Papal families.
Cardinal Francisco Borja sought the position of Pope against Cardinal Antonio Ghislieri, the infamous Supreme Inquisitor under Pope Paul IV (1555-1559) who had been stripped of his rank and exiled under Pope Pius IV.
Cardinal Antonio Ghislieri succeeded in winning the ballot and was elected Pope Pius V on January 7, 1566. Within a few days, Diego Laynez SJ, 2nd Superior General of the Jesuits was murdered at age 53 by Cardinal Francisco Borja.
Claudio Acquaviva then joined the supporters of Cardinal Francisco Borja in ensuring he was elected the new and 3rd Superior General of the Jesuits. Under Cardinal Borja, Claudio Acquaviva played an influential role and the power and influence of the Jesuits grew substantially.
When Superior General Francisco Borja died on September 30, 1572, Claudio Acquaviva was considered his anointed successor. However, the Italian Pope Gregory XIII (1572-1585) nominated his own candidate Everard de Marcour to be the new Superior General. When Everard de Marcour died in 1580, Claudio Acquaviva became the fifth Superior General of the Jesuits.
This Jesuit was the Spanish Armada general and the hit man for Philip II. 6 Popes were given the poison cup during his reign: Sixtus V (1585-90), Pope Urban VII (1590), Gregory XIV 1590-91), Innocent IX (1591), Clement VIII 1592-1605) and Leo XI (1605). Pope Paul V (1605-21), barely survived him and that was because of the death of Philip II.
During his 33 years and 11 months as General there is understandably a long list of his accomplishments and interests. The size of the Society had tripled from 5,000 to 13,000, schools from 124 to 372 and Provinces from 21 to 32. It was during his generalate that the famous Jesuit Missions in Paraguay were set up. He actively promoted the Missions in Japan, England, Germany, France, Flanders, and Spain. He was very cognizant of the cultural problems the Jesuit missionaries faced in distant mission lands.
In 1579, General Acquaviva sent the infamous Jesuit Alessandro Valignano S.J. to Japan, to secure a stronger trade presence and grow the Order. He replaced Francisco Cabral as Superior of the Jesuit mission. Valignano at once changed the structure of education from the development of priests to the promotion of warrior-priests and education of Japanese nobles.
In 1580, Fr Vilela S.J. succeeded in the purchase of the port of Nagasaki from a local Japanese warlord. General Acquaviva then sent Alessandro Valignano S.J. back to manage the new commercial mission.
General Acquaviva promoted heavily the growth of Nagasaki, owned by the Jesuits to one of the most profitable trading ports in the world. Jesuit ownership of the port of Nagasaki gave the Society a concrete monopoly in taxation over all imported goods coming into Japan. The society was most active in the Japanese silver trade, wherein large quantities of Japanese silver would be shipped to Canton in exchange for Chinese silk.
He encouraged the setting up of Sodalities for students and alumni of Jesuit Colleges and he tried to moderate the upheaval brought on by the theories of Galileo. He offered to Gregory XIII many of the most competent Jesuit scientists to set up the new dating of the Calendar on October 15, 1582 and entrusted the task to the most eminent of all, Christopher Clavius, the most distinguished mathematician of the time. He had appointed Robert Bellarmine Rector of the Roman College and was present when the Church of the Gesú was finally finished and was also present at its consecration in 1583. It was he who approved the entrance of Aloysius Gonzaga into the Society on November 25, 1585.
In 1590, Pope Sixtus V decided to change the name "Society of Jesus" to "Ignatine Order." To use the name of Jesus in the title of a mere Religious Order, said Sixtus and many others, was "offensive" to pious ears. "Every time you name this Society," one Cardinal grumbled, "you have to doff your hat or bow your head."
Claudio Acquaviva remonstrated with Sixtus, pointing out that in Jesuit eyes the very name of the Society belonged to the "substantials" of the Society. Neither he nor a General Congregation of Jesuits could change the name. Sixtus maintained his decision, and ordered his own papal officials to draw up a decree changing the name accordingly.
General Claudio Acquaviva then had Pope Sixtus killed by poison on August 27, 1590. The following Pope (Urban) dropped the idea immediately.
In response to the Portuguese seeking to restrict the Jesuits in Japan by arming their enemies, General Claudio Acquaviva formed an alliance in 1595 with the Dutch in supporting their merchant ships and trade. In response to the new alliance, the English Parliament issued a charter granting a monopoly on the pirate trade alliance of the East India Company in 1600.
In 1602, General Claudio Acquaviva assisted the Jesuit merchants to gain a 21 year charter of monopoly from the States-General of the Netherlands to form the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indies Company ( Dutch East India Company).
General Claudio Acquaviva died on January 31, 1615. He was succeeded as superior general by Mutio Vitelleschi (1615-1645).
Most Evil Crimes
List of most evil crimes
Type Year Crime
Of establishing an unlawful enterprise for the purpose of crime: (1602) That the Jesuit order under Superior General Claudio Acquaviva (1581 - 1615) and its business supporters did form the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indies Company ( Dutch East India Company). That the purpose of this criminal enterprise was to establish trade monopolies for the exploitation of goods and materials identified by Jesuit missionaries throughout Asia. Furthermore, that the funds gained by such trade in turn could then be used to further the objectives of both the Jesuit order and the Roman Catholic Church. That the VOC was the first international corporation with shares. That it was the first international drug cartel and responsible for the commercialization of poppy harvesting for opium/heroin trade to China and Europe.
Of attempted political assassination (1605) That at least 13 Catholic noblemen and 5 Jesuit priests did form a conspiracy upon the orders of Jesuit Superior-General Claudius Acquaviva known as ‘Gunpowder Plot’ devising a plan to explode 36 barrels of gunpowder in the cellar of the House of Lords and kill King James I, and members of Commons, as they assembled for the opening of Parliament on 5 November 1605. That their plan was to blow up the Parliament building, and out of the chaos, incite the English people into a full insurrection out of which Catholic dominance could be re-established.
Of Murder (political assassination): (1610) That King Henry IV of France was murdered upon the order of Jesuit Superior-General Claudius Acquaviva in response to his attempts to grant religious liberty through the publishing of the law known as the "Edict of Nantes" (1598).